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Tōkaidō (region): Map


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The was originally an old Japanesemarker geographical region that made up the gokishichidō system and was situated along the southeastern edge of Honshūmarker, its name literally means 'Eastern Sea Way'.

The term also refers to a series of roads that connected the capitals (国府 kokufu) of each of the provinces that made up the region. The fifteen ancient provinces of the region include the following:

In the Edo period, the was demonstrably the most important in Japan; and this marked prominence continued after the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate. In the early Meiji period, this region's eastern route was the one chosen for stringing the telegraph lines which connected the old capital city of Kyoto with the new "eastern capital" at Tokyo.

In the modern, post-Pacific War period, all measures show the Tōkaidō region increasing in its dominance as the primary center of population and employment.


  1. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 57.
  2. Titsingh, p. 57 n1.
  3. Smith, Mary C. (1897). "On the Tōkaidō," in Life in Asia, pp. 204-210.
  4. Sorensen, André. (2002). The Making of Urban Japan: cities and Planning from Edo to the Twenty-first Century, p. 171.


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