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Třebíč ( ; ) is a city in the Moravian part of the Vysočina Regionmarker of the Czech Republicmarker.

Třebíč is situated 35 km southeast of Jihlavamarker and 65 km west of Brnomarker on the Jihlava River. Třebíč is from 392 to 503 metres above sea-level.

Třebíč has a temperate climate with occasional rains. Average annual temperature is 7.5°C, average temperature in July is 18.5°C and -3.4°C in January.

Třebíč is a regional centre with a population of approximately 40,000. In the age of expansion Třebíč was third most important town in Moravia. The population growth started after World War II. Třebíč is important regional center today.

There are many sights. The Jewish Quarter and St Procopius' Basilica is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History and sights

The entrance of the Jewish ghetto
This includes the old Jewish Quarter and the largely Romanesque St Procopius' Basilica that incorporates some later gothic features, including a rare example of a ten-part or 'botanical' rose window. Such designs reflect the five or ten parts of the roseaceae family flowers and fruit, based on their five sepals and petals or the usual ten segments of their fruit. Botanical rose windows contrast with more complex Gothic windows that contain more segments (usually multiples of traditional gothic units of design - three trefoil, or four quatrefoil), or are based on ancient design inspiration from forerunners of the wheel of life which is now associated with eastern religions, or may alude to the Virgin Mary.

The famous Basilica originated in the early 12th century as a Benedictine monastery. It was so well endowed that it led to the establishment of a local commercial centre; the city of Trebic. The monastery was rebuilt during the reign of King Wenceslas I (1230-53), and again at the end of the fifteenth century. During the first half of the 16th century some of Trebic's historic monastic buildings were remodelled as a castle, and later renovated in baroque style. In the early eighteenth century changes were introduced to the basilica by Czech architect, Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka; windows were enlarged, buttresses added, a south-west tower was rebuilt, and a new west front with two towers was constructed in a gothic baroque style.

The historic town of Trebic, which extends on both sides of the river Jihlava, was declared a Conservation Area in 1990. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica with the castle and gardens, are all included within the Trebic Conservation Area.

History in dates

  • 1101 Establishment of Benedictine Monastery.
  • 1277 The oldest deed mentioning the town of Třebíč.
  • 1335 Conferring of town rights to Třebíč according to the royal town of Znojmomarker.
  • 1338 First references of Jewish settlement.
  • 1468 Třebíč was conquered by Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
  • 19th century Expansion of tannery and shoemaking.
  • 1871 Opening of Národní dům (National House), establishment of grammar school with Czech as teaching language (Gymnázium Třebíč).
  • 1886 First train runs through Třebíč.
  • 1930 Development of shoe making production and construction of workers' colonies - present Borovinamarker
  • 1970s - 80s The town is stigmated by the construction of new housing estates, population increases.
  • 1990s Fast renovation of the town.
  • 2003 Registration of Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilika into UNESCOmarker List of Cultural and Natural Heritage


Demography

Progress of population
Year Population
>
1763 3 149
1772 3 439
1791 4 743
1799 5 010
1830 6 005
1835 6 731
1843 6 803
1849 7 800
1850 8 002
1869 10 328
1880 11 999
1890 13 726
1900 15 309
1910 16 347
1921 17 191
1930 17 555
1950 20 257
1960 20 387
1970 22 555
1980 29 017
1985 36 008
1991 38 355
2001 39 021
2005 38 715
2008 38 717


Town districts



Image:Trebic mc.svg|Map of town districts in Třebíč

Transit

The expressway (I/23) in Třebíč
Important trade routes was near Třebíč already in ancient times. They was called: Haberská, Lovětínská and Libická.

Today Třebíč is important traffic junction of the region. Main road in Třebíč is road I/23. The second important road in Třebíč is road II/360, which is Třebíč connect with highway D1. Near the town is road II/405, which connect the town with capital town of Vysočina Regionmarker - Jihlavamarker.

The railway is from east to west in Třebíč. There is Railway No. 240, which is from Brnomarker to Jihlavamarker. In Třebíč there is two stations: Třebíč and Třebíč-Borovina. Near the Třebíč there is Railway No. 241 too.

Outsider of the town there is the small sport airport.

The trolley was projected in the history in Třebíč. But it wasn't made.

In Třebíč there are several segregated cycle facilities and in year 2009 will be made new from Jihlavamarker to Raabs an der Thayamarker.

Culture

Festivals

  • Theatre Třebíč (Divadelní Třebíč) - festival of Amateur theatre
  • Šamajim - festival of Jewish culture
  • Třebíč potato festival (Bramborobraní) - folklore festival - music and dance
  • Jubilee Unesco (Oslavy Unesco) - jubilee celebration of city entrance to the UNESCOmarker list
  • Theatre 2-3-4 actors (Divadla 2-3-4 herců) - festival of professional theatre
  • Zámostí - cultural and music festival ( www.zamosti.cz)
  • Concentus Moraviae - concerts of classical music


People

born here


other residents


Schools



Partnership towns



References

External links




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