Sir **Thomas Little Heath**
(

5 October 1861 –

16 March 1940) was a
British civil servant,

mathematician,

classical scholar,

historian of ancient

Greek mathematics, translator, and

mountaineer.

He was educated at
Clifton
College. Heath translated works of Euclid of Alexandria, Apollonius of Perga, Aristarchus of Samos, and Archimedes of Syracuse into
English.
It is primarily through Heath's translations that modern
English-speaking readers are aware of what Archimedes did. His
translation of the celebrated

Archimedes Palimpsest, however, was
based on a transcription that had

lacuna, which scholars hope to fill in
by modern scientific methods not available in Heath's time.

When Heath's

*Works of Archimedes* was published in 1897,
the Archimedes Palimpsest had not been extensively explored.

Its
significance was not recognized until 1906, when it was examined by
the Danish professor
Johan Ludvig
Heiberg. The palimpsest contained an extended version of

*Stomachion*, and a treatise
entitled

*The
Method of Mechanical Theorems* that had previously been
thought lost. These works have therefore been the focus of research
by modern scholars.

## Translations and other works

Note: Only first editions are listed; many of these titles have
been reprinted several times.

*Diophantus of
Alexandria: a Study in the History of Greek Algebra*
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1885)
- Apollonius of Perga:
*Treatise on Conic Sections* (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1896)
- Archimedes:
*Works*
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1897)
- Euclid
*The thirteen books of Euclid's Elements* (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1908)
*Aristarchus of Samos,
the Ancient Copernicus* Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913)
*A History of Greek Mathematics* (Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1921)
*A Manual of Greek Mathematics* (Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1931)
*Greek Astronomy* (London: J.M. Dent & Sons,
1932)
*Mathematics in Aristotle* (Oxford: Clarendon Press,
1949)

## References

- "About the translator: Thomas L. Heath" in
*Euclid's
Elements: all thirteen books complete in one volume* (2002)
Green Lion Press. ISBN 978-188800919-4

## External links

- Online texts of Heath's books

- About T.L. Heath