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{{Infobox settlement
name=Tainan
native_name=台南
settlement_type = Provincial city
official_name=Taichung City · 臺南市
Southern City (南市)
image_skyline=Tainan City's cover.jpg
imagesize=
image_caption=Downtown Tainan
image_flag=
image_seal=Tainan_City_seal.png
nickname=The Phoenix City ( ),

The Prefecture City
seat=Anping District (安平區)
seat_type=Capital
subdivision_type=Country
subdivision_name=
subdivision_type1=Region
subdivision_name1=Southwestern Taiwan
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name=Hsu Tain-tsair (許添財)
area_total_km2=175.6456
area_footnotes= (Ranked 17 of 25)
population_total=768739
population_as_of=January 2009
population_footnotes=
population_note=Population ranked 11 of 25
population_density_km2=auto
blank_name_sec1=Districts
blank_info_sec1=6
website= English Chinese
blank_name_sec2=Bird
blank_info_sec2=Black-billed magpie[804823]
blank1_name_sec2=Flower
blank1_info_sec2=Royal Poinciana
blank2_name_sec2=Tree
blank2_info_sec2=Royal Poinciana
image_map=Tainan City Location Map.png}}

Tainan City ( , literally "Southern Taiwan") is the fourth largest city in Taiwanmarker after Taipeimarker, Kaohsiungmarker, and Taichungmarker. By the end of 2010 the city and the adjacent Tainan County will merge to form a single municipality.

Tainan was established as the capital of Taiwan in 1661 and remained the capital until 1887 during the Qing Dynastymarker. The city is famous for its abundant historical buildings and relics.

History

Little is known about Tainan prior to the Dutch rule except that it was a settlement of Han Chinese immigrants in the 14th and 15th centuries and was named Tayuan (大員, POJ: , from Sirayanmarker). The Dutch established a trading post in 1624 at present-day Anping, and used it as a base of operation for a variety of business they conducted in the region. However, in 1661 the outpost was under siege by a fleet of Ming Dynastymarker remnants led by Koxinga, who established his own kingdom on Taiwan and renamed the city Tungtu ( ) after the Dutch capitulated and withdrew from the island. In 1684, the Qing Dynastymarker conquered Taiwan and established Taiwan-fu (Taiwan Government) as the first official local government in Taiwan.

William Campbell described the city in the 1870s:

Taiwan-fu was later renamed to Tainan-fu in 1885 when Taiwan was established as a province. Because it was formerly the capital of Taiwan, Tainan is also called Fu-cheng ( ). Tainan also served as the capital of the Republic of Formosa after the Japanese took Taipeimarker bloodlessly.

Tainan has been historically regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, and its former name, Tayoan, has been claimed to be the source of the name Taiwan. It is also one of Taiwan's cultural capitals, as it houses the first Confucian School/Templemarker, built in 1665 on the island, the remains of the Northern and Southern gates of the old city, and countless other historical monuments.

Tainan claims more Buddhist and Taoist temples than any city in Taiwan. Tainan City (台南市) is administratively a municipality of Taiwan Province of the Republic of Chinamarker. It is surrounded by Tainan County to the north and east and the South China Seamarker to the west and south. Tainan's complex history of comebacks, redefinitions and renewals inspired its popular nickname "City of the Phoenix."

On January 24, 2004, a dead whale exploded in the middle of Tainan, showering parts of the city with the sperm whale's blood, blubber and organ. The whale carcass was being transported by truck, and the explosion happened due to critical gas pressure within the carcass.

Climate

Tainan has a sub-tropical maritime climate characterised by year-round high relative humidity and temperatures (although temperatures do dip somewhat in the winter months), with a rainy season (April to September) and a dry season (October to March).

Government

Administrative districts



Tainan City currently has 6 districts: Anping, Annanmarker, East, West Central, South, and North districts.

Annan district was originally the An-Shun township of Tainan County, and was merged into Tainan City in 1946. In 2004, Central District and West District were merged into the new West Centraldistrict.

Foreign relationships

Tainan City Hall
Tainan District Court
Tungfeng Street in the eastern side of city

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

The following places are sister citiesto Tainan City:

Friendship cities

Tainan City also celebrates friendly relationships with two other locations, although they are not considered official sister cities.

Transportation

Tainan train station

Rail

Tainan Stationmarker is a major stop on the Western Line, with direct connections to Taipeimarker, Kaohsiungmarker, Taichungmarker, Hsinchumarker and Keelungmarker.There are also local trains to reach closer destinations.

High-Speed Rail

Tainan HSR Station is located just outside the city itself, in Gueirenmarker township.Using the High Speed Rail system travellers can reach Taipeimarker in under ninety minutes.

Mass Rapid Transit

There have been plans mooted for a Tainan MRTsystem. However, there has not been any progress on the issue for several years.

To improve the communication with HSR station and reduce the outlay for MRT system, a new rail brach line is being built, and some new train stations are also planned to be added in the future. See zh:沙崙線(Shalun Line) and zh:台鐵捷運化.

Road

National Highway Nos.1and 3run close by and connect via local highways to the city itself. Tainan City has a total of 142.9 km of highways, including national, local and rural highways.

Air

Tainan Airportmarker is located in the South District of the city.It is a domestic airport, currently operating flights to Kinmenmarker and Makungmarker.Previously there were also services to Taipei's Songshan Airportmarker, but these were dropped in light of falling revenues (generally agreed to be a result of the High Speed Rail commencing operation and rising fuel costs).

Education

Tainan Chengkung University
Fujhong Street near Confucius Temple


  • National Cheng Kung Universitymarker, one of the leading universities in Taiwan, is located in the East District. It is famous for its engineering programs. In 1931, NCKU was established as Tainan Technical College, located on the present Cheng-Kung Campus, with a total area of 183,000 square metres. As the number of colleges expanded, it was upgraded to a provincial university in 1956, then national university in 1971. Today, National Cheng Kung University serves nearly 21,000 students through 9 colleges, 39 departments, and 49 graduate institutes.




  • Chang Jung Christian University is a private university affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. CJU offers masters and doctoral degree programs and aims to promote fraternity, justice, and service for Taiwan. It is located south of the city, in Gueirenmarker.




  • The Tainan University of Technology (台南科技大學) is a private university founded in 1964. The university offers graduate degrees in music, visual art, and applied sciences. The main campus actually sits in Tainan County just outside the official city limits.


Senior high schools

Public Private

Politics

The city has generally been seen as a powerbase for the Democratic Progressive Party, especially in nationwide election. But, in fact, Kuomintang(KMT) always have more seats in city council. And in the most recent presidential elections (2008), a narrow majority of the city's residents voted for the eventual winner, Ma Ying-jeouof the Kuomintang.

City mayor

2001 Mayoral elections

Hsu Tain-Tsairof the Democratic Progressive Party was elected with 43.23% of the vote. His closest rival was the Kuomintang legislator Chen Rong-sheng, who garnered 37.40%.

2005 Mayoral elections

In 2005 Mayor Hsu was re-elected, polling 45.65% to Chen Rong-sheng's 41.40%.

Presidential elections

A majority of city residents have voted for the winning candidates in every presidential election since the position was first chosen by popular vote in 1996.

1996 Presidential election

In common with every other city and county in the Republic of China, with the exception of Nantou, a majority of Tainan residents voted for eventual winner Lee Teng-huiand vice-president Lien Chan.

2000 Presidential election

2004 Presidential election

2008 Presidential election



Notable natives

Koxinga Temple
A non-exhaustive list of famous people born in Tainan, educated there, prominent in the life of the city, or otherwise associated with the city.

Sports



Tainan is home to the Uni-President Lions, who play their home games at the Tainan Municipal Baseball Stadiummarker.It is also the birthplace of Chien-Ming Wang, Hong-Chih Kuo, Tai-Yuan Kuo, En-Yu Lin, and many other prominent Taiwanese baseball players.

See also



References

External links



Tainan has 6 districts (區 qu):
District
Population
Land area
as of 2009
km²
Anping-qu
安平區
60,701
11.0663
Annan-qumarker
安南區
176,015
107.2016
East-qu
東區
194,436
13.4156
West Central-qu
中西區
80,578
6.2600
South-qu
南區
127,121
27.2681
North-qu
北區
130,538
10.4340
Party
Candidate
Votes
Percentage
President
Vice president
Independent
James Soong
Chang Chau-hsiung
114,299
27.53%
Kuomintang
Lien Chan
Vincent Siew
107,679
25.93%
New Party
Li Ao
Elmer Fung
580
0.14%
Independent
Hsu Hsin-liang
Josephine Chu
1,408
0.34%
Democratic Progressive Party
Chen Shui-bian
Annette Lu
191,261
45.06%
Party
Candidate
Votes
Percentage
President
Vice president
Democratic Progressive Party
Chen Shui-bian
Annette Lu
251,397
57.77%
Kuomintang
Lien Chan
James Soong
183,786
42.23%
Party
Candidate
Votes
Percentage
President
Vice president
Democratic Progressive Party
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
216,815
49.29%
Kuomintang
Ma Ying-jeou
Vincent Siew
223,034
50.71%

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