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Tajik Air (Tajikistan Airlines) is the national airline of the former Soviet republic of Tajikistanmarker. It is based in Dushanbe Airportmarker and is currently the only airline of Tajikistan, serving international and domestic destinations.

History

The company started operations in September 3, 1924 as Tajik Aviation. Its first route was Bukharamarker to Dushanbemarker, served by Junkers F.13 aircraft [118015]. It is the seventh oldest airline still in operation.

Developments

In March 1937 the company was reorganised as the Tajik Territorial Civil Air Fleet Administration (TTCAFA). In 1945 it received Junkers Ju-52 and new Lisunov Li-2 aircraft, the first flight with the latter was operated on the Stalinabad (now Dushanbemarker) - Moscowmarker route. In 1951 it added its first Antonov An-2, and in 1952 an Ilyushin Il-12 joined the fleet and launched Stalinabad - Sochimarker services. Between 1956 and 1964 TTCAFA added the Mil Mi-4 helicopter, Ilyushin Il-14, Ilyushin Il-18 and the Antonov An-6 which was an advanced version of the An-2 capable of flying at a higher altutide. In 1956 an An-6 of TTCAFA piloted by Vorobiyev B.M landed on the frozen Lake Sarez for the first time.

The first jet aircraft joined the airline in the 1970s, these included the Tupolev Tu-154 and Yakovlev Yak-40, as well as Antonov An-26 and Antonov An-28 turboprops. By 1988 TTCAFA was changed to Tajik Civil Aviation Administration (TCAA) incorporating new management and planning conditions. The new company received first honours in the USSRmarker as far as efficient usage of the An-28 and Yak-40 was concerned. In 1990 and 1991 the fleet was expanded further with addition of new aircraft and helicopters, including Ilyushin Il-76 cargo transports, Tupolev Tu-154M and Mil Mi-8MTV-1.
Tajikistan Airlines Tu-154.


Post Independence

After reorganization of the Ministry of Civil Aviation the State Air Company of the Republic of Tajikistan (SART) was founded [118016]. On March 02, 1992 the Tajikistan aircraft crews began to fly under the emblem “Tojikiston” and in a short space of time they opened up the flights to the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, Iran, India, Saudi Arabia, China, Turkey, Germany.

In an effort to improve the public management system, in 2004 the SART “Tojikiston” was reorganized into the State Unitary Aviation Enterprise (SUAE) “Tajikistan”. It is a commercial organization with its severalty and property being under its economic authority.

Current situation

The Tajik Air brand has faced intense competition from rivals in the area, which has worsened since the Tajikistan aviation sector was deregulated in September 2006. The airline carried only 320,000 passengers in the first nine months of 2006, a notable fall over 2005. To try to overcome the decline, the airline, with assistance from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), is undertaking a technical study of Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 aircraft. A small number of Boeing aircraft are being inducted on lease replacing Sovietmarker era Russian and Ukrainian types.

In 2007 the airline was barred from operating to the European Union, however by that time they were only serving Düsseldorfmarker in Germany.

Destinations

Tajik Air serve the following (as of August 2009):



Fleet

The Tajik Air fleet includes the following aircraft (as of September 2009) :

Aircraft Total Notes
Antonov AN-24 5
Antonov AN-26 2
Antonov AN-28 8
Boeing 757-200 1
Tupolev Tu-154B2 2
Tupolev Tu-154M 4
Yakolev Yak-40 4
28


Accidents

On 20 August, 1993 a Yakovlev Yak-40 crashed during take-off in Khorogmarker on a flight to Dushanbe Airportmarker. All 5 crew and 77 of the 81 passengers died. The plane was configured to carry 28 passengers but was heavily overloaded. The crew was possibly forced to take-off by armed men. The aircraft overran the runway at high speed. The left and right main-gear struck an embankment and concrete structure and broke off. Thereafter the aircraft fell into the river Pyanj

On 15 December, 1997 a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed on approach to Sharjah International Airportmarker. The aircraft crashed some 13 km from the airport. All 79 passengers and 6 of the 7 crew died.

External links



References


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