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, was a submarine commander in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. He is noted for the sinking of the American aircraft carrier,   and destroyer   and severely damaging the battleship   with a single spread of six torpedoes as captain of the I-19 in 1942. His name is sometimes transliterated as "Takaichi Kinatsu"


Kinashi was a native of Usukimarker in Ōita Prefecturemarker. His early career was not promising, as he graduated in very last place as 255th of 255 cadets in the 51st class of the Imperial Japanese Navy Academy in 1920. He served his midshipman duty on the cruisers Iwate, Tatsuta, and on Izumo on its long distance navigational training voyage to Hilomarker, Acapulcomarker, Balboamarker, San Franciscomarker, Vancouvermarker, Honolulumarker, Jaluit Atollmarker, Trukmarker, Saipanmarker and the Ogasawara Islandsmarker from 1924-1925. He was promoted to ensign during the voyage, and on his return to Japan, he completed naval artillery and torpedo warfare training. He was assigned to the destroyer Harukaze and promoted to lieutenant in 1926..

In 1927, Kinashi transferred to the Japanese submarine forces, and served in various capacities on I-61, I-54, I-66, and the river gunboat Ataka, and destroyer Fubuki through the mid-1930s. He was promoted to lieutenant commander in December 1937, and assigned to the minelayer Okinoshima.

Kinashi was given his first command, Ro-59, from 1938-1940. In 1940, he was reassigned to the Submarine Warfare School, but returned to sea six months later as captain of I-3 from July-November, and of Ro-34 from November 1940 to July 1941.

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbormarker, Kinashi was captain of I-62. He was captain of I-162 for one month (during the Battle of Midwaymarker) before being reassigned to I-19.

On September 15, 1942, while patrolling south of the Solomon Islandsmarker during the Guadalcanal campaignmarker, I-19 sighted and attacked the American aircraft carrier , which was part of a task force transporting the 7th Marine Regiment and stores to Guadalcanal. Kinashi penetrated the destroyer screen, and after closing to within 500 meters of the aircraft carrier, launched his full salvo of six torpedoes. Three torpedoes struck Wasp, starting uncontrollable fires which soon forced the abandonment of the ship. The remaining three "Long Lance" torpedoes continued beyond the horizon for another twelve miles into a separate task force lead by the , striking the battleship and destroyer O'Brien O'Brien sank several weeks later and North Carolina was so severely damaged that it was out of commission for several months for repairs. Kinashi was promoted to commander less than two months later, and honored with a personal interview with Emperor Hirohito.

On May 2 1943, while near Suvamarker, Fijimarker, I-19 under the command of Kinashi torpedoed the liberty ship William Williams. However, for unknown reasons, Kinashi chose not to finish off the heavily damaged ship, which was later towed to New Zealandmarker and repaired, becoming the .

From October 1943, Kinashi was captain of I-29.In December 17, 1943, I-29 was dispatched on a secret Yanagi mission under the Axis Powers' Tripartite Pact to provide for an exchange of personnel, strategic materials and manufactured goods between Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japanmarker. At Singaporemarker she was loaded with 80 tons of raw rubber, 80 tons of tungsten, 50 tons of tin, two tons of zinc, and three tons of quinine, opium and coffee. In spite of Allied Ultra decrypts of her mission, I-29 managed to reach Lorient, Francemarker on March 11, 1944. While his crew rested in France, Kinashi travelled on to Berlinmarker where he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class personally by Adolf Hitler for his role in sinking Wasp.

I-29 left Lorient April 16, 1944 with a cargo of 18 passengers, torpedo boat engines, Enigma coding machines, radar components, a Walter HWK 509A rocket engine, and Messerschmitt Me 163 and Messerschmitt Me 262 blueprints for the development of the rocket plane Mitsubishi J8M, returning at Singapore on July 14, 1944.

On the way back to Kure, Japan, I-29 was attacked at Balintang Channel, Luzon Straitmarker near the Philippinesmarker by Commander W. D. Wilkins' "Wildcats" submarine taskforce consisting of , and , using Ultra signal intelligence. During the evening of July 26, 1944, I-29 was hit by three torpedoes fired by Sawfish. I-29 sank immediately at . .

Kinashi was posthumously promoted two levels in rank to that of rear admiral.



External links


  1. Dupuy, Enclyclopedia of Military Biography. page 404
  2. [1] Nishidah, Imperial Japanese Navy
  3. Padfield. A War Beneath the Sea. page 251.
  4. Parkin. Blood on the Sea. page 79
  5. Harris. The Navy Times Book of Submarines. page 342
  9. Billings, Battleground Atlantic. page 96

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