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Talca (2002 Census pop. 193,755) is a city and commune in Chilemarker, and is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region (7th Region of Chile).

The city was founded as San Agustín de Talca in 1742 by José Antonio Manso de Velasco. It was partially destroyed by earthquakes in 1742 and 1928, being rebuilt both times. The city played a role in Chile's independence; it was the home of Mgr. José Ignacio Cienfuegos, and was the site Bernardo O'Higgins' proclamation of Chilean independence in 1818.

The city is an important economic center, with agricultural (wheat) and manufacturing activities, as well as wine production. It is also the location of the Universidad de Talca and the Catholic University of Maule, among others. The Catholic Church of Talca has held a prominent role in the history of Chile.

The inhabitants of Talca have a saying, Talca, Paris & London, born from a hat shop which had placed a ribbon stating that it had branches in Paris and London. The shop was owned by a French immigrant named Jean-Pierre Lagarde.

Geography and climate

Talca is located 250 km south of Santiagomarker, south of the confluence of the rivers Lircay and Claro, in the Central Valley. The city is bisected by the Pan-American Highway.


Talca lies within the Continental Mediterranean climate zone, with a dry season of four months. Average annual rainfall is 749 mm and the annual temperature averages 13 °C.

Image:Talca Municipalidad.jpg|Caption1Image:Talca plaza.JPG|Caption2Image:Talca Museo.JPG|Image:Talca 1 sur.jpg|

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