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Tambaram is a suburb of Chennaimarker situated 27 km south of the city in Tamil Nadumarker, Indiamarker. This is an urban node. It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet). Tambaram is a hub to all major destinations in south Tamil Nadumarker as it lies on the busy Chennai–Trichymarker national highway. The highway and the railway line from Chennai Egmoremarker to Kanyakumarimarker divide the town into East Tambaram and West Tambaram. The Chennai suburban railwaymarker network operates a suburban railway service from Chennai Beachmarker to Tambaram.

Tambaram is considered to be a satellite town as it caters to the needs of hundreds of villages and suburbs like Padappai, Selaiyur, Agaram, Madambakkam, Mudichur and Mannivakkam. Tambaram is geographically divided into West, East and Tambaram Sanatorium. East Tambaram is well known for education since there are a lot of educational institutions present there. The prominent among them is the Madras Christian College.

History

Tambaram has its origins in a village of the same name which lay on the outskirts of Chennai city. The T. B. Sanatorium in Tambaram is one of the oldest institutions of the kind in India . In 1936-1937, the Madras Christian College campus was moved to Tambaram heralding development and accelerating the process of inclusion of Tambaram in Madras city.

Local Features

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  • Flying Instructors School (FIS) of the Indian Air Force, located in Airforce Station, Tambaram.
  • Hindu Mission Hospital - giving service to near by residents of Tambaram and one of the landmarks of Tambaram.
  • Sivananda Orphanage
  • The Madras Christian College (MCC)
  • A number of engineering colleges.
  • Ebyz Garage - caters to a wide range of web design needs; from delicate personal web site to complete online presence for corporate companies.Providing jaw-dropping designs to teasing out the best ideas.
  • A market which caters to the population of southern Chennai.
  • Davz Workshop - renowned consultancy in and around Chennai.
  • Madras Export Processing Zone (MEPZ) - One of Tamil Nadu's Special Economic Zones, which is located in Tambaram. The MEPZ houses varied industries such as call centers, garment production factories and few electronics components manufacturing companies like Covansys - A CSC Company, CTS, Urjita Electronics Pvt. Ltd, HTC Global Services(MEPZ), Avalon Technologies, Syrma Technology Pvt. Ltd. and Igarashi Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
  • Philadelphia Fellowship - Church For All ("I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it")
  • TranscriptGuru - The destination of choice for your Website needs. We do Web Designing, Web Editing, Proofreading, Article writing, Transcription, and Virtual Assistance.
  • Deena Travels - A Travels which pursues Excellence in travel & service for the past 17 years. A travels you can trust, for its safety, speed and luxury. Service all over Chennai & Bangalore.
  • National Institute of Siddha[118857], which was inaugurated[118858] on 3 September 2005 by the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh.
  • Notable temples like Bhimeshvarar temple, Thenupureeswarar temple (Madambakkam)and Skandhashramam(selaiyur)


Education

Tambaram in general is considered as a haven for engineering graduates because of the many colleges located nearby. Some of the notable engineering colleges in Tambaram include:

The notable schools in Tambaram include:



The notable institutes in Tambaram include:



The Municipality

Prior to 1964, Tambaram was a small panchayat. In 1964 it was constituted as a Grade III Municipality comprising the Village Panchayats of Pulikoradu, Irumbliyur and Selaiyur. Due to rapid development and growth of the town commercially and residentially, the Municipality is now classified as a 'Selection Grade Municipality'. The population as per 2001 census is 1,33,667 besides a floating population of more than 1 lakh per day. The extent of the municipality is 20.72 km².

The revenue villages under this municipality are Kadapperi, Pulikoradu, Irumbuliyu, and Selaiyur. The number of households is 26,333, the number of notified slums is 17 and the number of unnotified slums is 7[118865].

The most famous road in West Tambaram is the Shanmugam Road which is one of the busiest roads in the city. It is comparable to the Ranganathan Street in T. Nagar. The eastern part of the road is the commercial centre while the western end is called the Medical centre. Tambaram has famous hospitals and diagnostic centres like Hindu Mission Hospital, Deepam Hospital, Philips Hospital, AG Hospital etc,. It had three theatres called MR on the main road, National slightly off the main road till 1972, and the biggest of the three named Vidhya.

Recent developments

Recently Southern Railway is planning a new terminal at Tambaram Railway Station, apart from Chennai Central and Egmore, in view of the rapid growth of the south broad gauge section, which essentially means Chennai Beach-Tambaram-Chengalpattu-Tiruchirapalli and beyond. As a first step towards this, Southern Railway plans to set up a coaching terminal at Tambaram at an approximate cost of Rs.34 crore. It will have pit lines for maintenance, stabling lines and additional platforms[118866].

A combined court complex was inaugurated near GST road opposite to MEPZ. This complex has both the Munsiff and Sessions court within the same building, thus the Magistrate court at East Tambaram and Munsiff court at West Tambaram is now under a single building. Mr. N. Ramesh is the District Munsif. Mr. Murugesan is the Judicial Magistrate. A new flyover is under construction and is expected to be opened after 20 months. [118867]

Eatouts

  • Adayar Ananda Bhavan (A2B)
  • Aathankudi Chettinand Restaurant
  • Bhats Paradise
  • Coffee Day
  • Gupta Bhavan
  • Henkala Hotels
  • Hotel Kings Palace
  • Palimar Restaurant
  • Pizza Corner
  • Vasantha Bhavan
  • Vasantha Vihar Vegetarian Restaurant
  • Anjappar Restaurant
  • Hotel Ponnusamy
  • Hotel Caspa
  • Hot Chips
  • Dominos Pizzas
  • Arasampatti Restaurant
  • Jugghead (The Burger House)
  • Freshly Squeezed (The Juice Pub)
  • Seasons Multi-Cuisine A/C Restaurant


Shopping

  • Pest Control(India)Private Limited
  • Amutha & Co.
  • Chellamani & Co.
  • Kishkinta Dresses
  • LNC
  • Naidu Hall
  • Reliance Fresh
  • Vasanth & Co.
  • Viveks
  • Spencer's Daily and Spencer's Express
  • Peters England


Architecture

Architecture
In recent times we can see architecturally treated buildings being raised in Tambaram. Architects like to put up their firms near bus stand locality. They feel Tambaram as a consortium between the city and suburban parts of it.

Demographics

As of the 2001 Indian census, Tambaram had a population of 137,609. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tambaram has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Tambaram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The number of people below the poverty line is 9,171.

Literacy Rate

Tambaram town has been recorded with a literacy rate of 82% in the year 2001 and this has increased from 75% in the year 1991. Among the literate population, nearly 52% are male literates and the remaining 48% are female literates as per the 2001 census. Generally, the composition of female literates among the female population has increased from 70% (1991) to 78% (2001), which is higher than the growth of male literates from 81% (1991) to 86%( 2001). http://municipality.tn.gov.in/tambaram/gen_info.htm]

Occupational Pattern

The working population constitutes 55 % of the total population and the majority of them are engaged in Business & Industrial activities i.e. 62% in Industrial and Business related activities. The Secondary Sector is the second important activity and nearly 25% of the total workers are engaged in business and related allied activities. Only 20% of the total workers are engaged in the Primary Sector, especially in Tea Plantations and Agriculture activities[118868].

Topography

Tambaram Railway Station divides Tambaram into East Tambaram and West Tambaram. East Tambaram (Selaiyur) and West Tambaram each have a police station.

Taluk Legal Services Authority, to render free legal services to the poor & needy and also to create legal awareness, is functioning at the Tambaram Civil Court. The Civil Court Judge is the Chairman of the Taluk Legal Services Authority. At present, Mr. N. Ramesh is the District Munsif at Tambaram who is rendering good legal service to the poor.

Politics

After the completion of recent delimitation exercise by the Election Commission of India,the Tambaram assembly constituency consists of Kadaperi, Tiruvancheri, Mudichur, Kasbapuram, Vengapakkam, Agaramthen, Kovilancheri, Madurapakkam and Moolacheri villages in Tambaram (Municipality), Chitlapakkam (Town Panchayat), Sembakkam (Town Panchayat), Madambakkam (Town Panchayat), Perungalathur (Town Panchayat) and Peerkankaranai (Town Panchayat). [118869]

Tambaram is now included in the Sriperumbudur Parliamentary constituency after the recent delimitation exercise by the Election Commission of India previously it was under South Chennai constituency.[118870]

See also



References


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