Tamil National Party was a
short-lived political party formed in 1962 in Tamil Nadu, India.
The party finds its roots with the
split in Dravidar Kazhagam
which Dravida Munnetra
(DMK) was formed. E.
V. K. Sampath
a founding member of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, left the party
following differences with the party leadership. The differences
arose due to the DMK's stance on achieving an independent nation
out of Indian Union
called Dravida Nadu
. Nevertheless, within years the
Tamil National Party was merged with Indian National Congress
E. V. K. Sampath and DMK
E. V. K. Sampath was nephew of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
and for a long time
considered his political heir.He entered into a feud with Periyar
after the latter married a woman much younger to him. Periyar soon
after the marriage declared his new wife as his political heir and
thus upseting Sampath's aspirations. The marriage itself had caused
opposition within the Dravidar
, the social organisation that Periyar was heading. E.
V. K. Sampath along with C. N. Annadurai
broke away from Dravidar Kazhagam and formed their own party
Differences on using movie media
Tamil cinema has been used extensively for popaganda for Dravidian
politics. Although the Indian
in the region did use movies and stars for
propaganda, it was shunned upon by major Congress leaders. DMK to
the contrary used the Tamil film
as a major political organ. Thus movie stars held high
ranks in the party. Sampath vehemently opposed the importance given
to film stars in the party.
Birth of Tamil National Party
The differences between E. V. K. Sampath and Annadurai finally gave
way on their stands on Dravida Nadu
Dravida Nadu was envisaged by Periyar E. V. Ramasami
as an independent nation
that included South India. Periyar and later Annadurai considered
that remaining in the Indian Union
meant accepting linguistic domination of the North and backwardness
of the South. Nevertheless, after touring the Soviet Union, E.
V. K. Sampath opposed the call for
Dravida Nadu and declared that the idea of independent Dravida Nadu
was an impossible task to achieve. With this difference E. V. K.
Sampath and his supporters left DMK and formed their own party.
Thus Tamil National Party
was born in 1962. Some
of the well known members of the party included Kannadasan
, Pazha Nedumaran
and Shivaji Ganesan
Policies of the party
The policies of the party were:
- Autonomous National linguistic regions with the freedom to
secede from the federation based on the free will of the
- Establishing a society sans inequalities by Industrialisation
of Tamil Nadu.
- Eradication of superstitions, castes, religions and all
atrocities against humanity to usher in a just society based on
Merger with Congress
Soon after the departure from DMK Tamil National Party members
closely associated with that of the Congress party
. At that time
Periyar and his Dravidar Kazhagam
was close with Kamaraj
the leader of the
Congress party. Thus when Kamaraj invited Sampath to join the
Congress, Sampath merged Tamil National Party with the Congress
party in in 1964.