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Tammy Suzanne Green Baldwin (born February 11, 1962) is an Americanmarker politician, and has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1999, representing .

Early life and career

Baldwin was born to Pamela Green and grew up in Madison, Wisconsinmarker. Baldwin graduated from Madison West High School in 1980 as the class valedictorian. She earned a bachelor's degree from Smith Collegemarker in 1984, and a law degree from the University of Wisconsin Law Schoolmarker in 1989.

Baldwin was first elected to political office in 1986 when she was elected to the Dane Countymarker Board of Supervisors, a position that she held until 1994. She also served one year on the Madison, Wisconsinmarker City Council to fill a vacancy in the coterminous district. Baldwin then served in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1993 to 1999 and was elected to the House in 1998.

Baldwin is the first woman elected to Congress from the state of Wisconsinmarker, and is currently serving her fifth term. She was also the first ever openly gay non-incumbent to be elected to the House of Representatives, her election having won the backing of the Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund. As of January 6, 2009, Baldwin is one of three openly gay members of Congress, the others being Barney Frank of Massachusettsmarker and Jared Polis of Coloradomarker. Her domestic partner is Lauren Azar.She is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.

On August 1, 2007, Tammy Baldwin signed on to cosponsor H. Res. 333, a bill proposing articles of impeachment against Vice President Dick Cheney and H Res. 589, a bill proposing the impeachment of Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.

On July 26, 2004, she spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in prime time on the issue of health care. For the 2008 presidential election, she pledged as a superdelegate to Hillary Clinton.

On October 10, 2002, Tammy Baldwin was among the 133 members of the House who voted against authorizing the invasion of Iraq.

During the 110th Congress, Baldwin has authored several pieces of legislation that have been passed by the House. The Reeve Paralysis Act authorizes more funding for treating ailments that result in immobility, while National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program Act increases funding for low-income women to receive preventative screenings. Another bill that she authored, the Veteran Vision Equity Act, guarantees benefits for military veterans.

Women's Rights

Tammy Baldwin is a self-proclaimed strong supporter of and activist for women's rights and equality. She has stated her support for such legislation as the Equal Pay Act (EPA) and recently voted for the Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. These acts criminalize and outline prosecution guidelines and punishments for wage discrimination based on sex. She received a grade of 100 from the League of Women Voters as of 2007. She has also received favorable evaluations from other civil rights groups, such as the American Civil Liberties Union.

Representative Baldwin has also made clear her support for better and stronger enforcement of laws against sexual violence and violence against women. She is a supporter of the Violence Against Women Act, which allowed victims of sexual violence and other sexual crimes to take their cases to federal courts as well as providing funding for various anti-sexual violence initiatives and programs. She is also among the sponsors of a resolution to promote and support National Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month.

Baldwin likewise works for the betterment of women's health and reproductive rights. She sponsored of the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program Reauthorization Act of 2007, which helped low-income, underinsured and uninsured women pay for cervical and breast cancer related medical services.

Crime, Drugs and Military

In the years 2005 to 2006 Representative Tammy Baldwin has supported Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants 90 percent; in past years she has voted between 70 to 80 percent on this issue. This group’s two main goals are to ensure that prisons are just for those who need to be in them and to ensure that they have all the rehabilitative services that they need. This group’s objective is to improve the criminal justice system.

In the years 2005 to 2006, Representative Baldwin supported the interests of National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors 88 percent. She has also supported the interests of the Drug Policy Alliance Network 75 percent in the years 2007 to 2008. Representative Baldwin supports the cause to help addicts create a healthier environment for their families and communities through prevention and treatment.

Representative Baldwin has exponentially increased her support of the interest of the Non Commissioned Officers Association since 2000. In 2003 she supported this group 75 percent. This association works to benefit the noncommissioned officers and their families.

Committee assignments

Tammy Baldwin presiding over the House while serving as Speaker Pro Tempore


Electoral history

  • 2008 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D) (inc.), 69%
    • Peter Theron (R), 31%
  • 2006 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D) (inc.), 63%
    • Dave Magnum (R), 37%
  • 2004 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D) (inc.), 63%
    • Dave Magnum (R), 37%
  • 2002 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D) (inc.), 66%
    • Ron Greer (R), 34%
  • 2000 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D) (inc.), 51%
    • John Sharpless (R), 49%
  • 1998 Race for U.S. House of Representatives — 2nd District
    • Tammy Baldwin (D), 53%
    • Josephine Musser (R), 47%


Footnotes

  1. http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/01/29/iceland.pm/index.html
  2. http://votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=3470&type=category&category=20&go.x=2&go.y=7
  3. (http://www.curenational.org/cms/component/content/article/17-understanding-cure.html
  4. http://votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=3470&type=category&category=25&go.x=11&go.y=17
  5. http://votesmart.org/issue_rating_detail.php?r_id=3644
  6. http://votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=3470&type=category&category=47&go.x=17&go.y=15
  7. http://votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=3470&type=category&category=47&go.x=17&go.y=15

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