Tangerang is a city in Banten, Indonesia. It is located about 20 km west of
Jakarta. It is the third largest urban center in the
Jabotabek region after Jakarta and Bekasi.
has an area of 164.54 km² and an official intercensal estimated
1,537,244 for 2005. The Soekarno-Hatta
International Airport is located in the city.
is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java and is home
to over 1,000 factories.
Many international corporations
have plants in the city. Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with
little in way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist
of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno-Hatta
In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta has covered
Tangerang, and as a result many of its residents commute to Jakarta
for work, or vice-versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities
have been developed in
Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls
, private schools
and convenience centers. The government is
working on expanding the highway
accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area.
Tangerang also has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians
, many of whom are of
. They were descended
from laborers who were brought there by the Dutch colonials in
the 18th and 19th centuries, and most of them are still laborers
They are culturally distinct from other Chinese
communities in the area: while almost none speak any dialect of
Chinese, they are culturally very strongly Dao
and maintain their own places of worship and
community centers. They are ethnically mixed, yet identify
themselves as Chinese. A large Chinese cemetery
is also located in Tangerang, most of
which are now developed into suburban communities such as Lippo Karawaci
, Summarecon Gading Serpong,
Bumi Serpong Damai, Bintaro Jaya, Modernland, and Alam Sutra.
Most of the Chinatown of Tangerang is located at Sewan, Pasar Lama,
Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling, Karawaci (not Lippo
Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there.
Lippo Karawaci, Bintaro Jaya, Bumi Serpong Damai and Alam Sutra are
new locations of residential places (New
). A vast majority of the residents are newcomers, not
genuine Benteng Chinese.
Infrastructure and Facility
There are two highway connections from Jakarta. Firstly, Jakarta -
Merak highway which have three different exits points to Tangerang
city. Secondly, Bumi Serpong Damai - Jakarta Outer Ringroad highway
providing direct tol access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and
Bogor. The feeder buses of Transjakarta
serves commutter from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya.
KRL Jabotabek serves from Tangerang and
Serpong to Jakarta
Many shopping malls developed in Tangerang,
such as Mal Summarecon Serpong, WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD,
Bintaro Plaza, and the bigest one, Supermal Karawaci. For
Indonesian A1 Grand Prix
2008, the government have been developing Lippo Karawaci
, the Indonesian
national airline, is headquartered at the airport, located in
Struggle for Independence
On October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a muslim militia was established in
Tangerang. The goal of this movement is to establish an Islamic
nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII
rebel group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto
Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He
persumably was murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang on December 20,
After the declaration of Independence, there was a chaos and racial
riots in Tangerang. Anti ethnic Chinese groups attack ethnic
Chinese in Tangerang because they assumed that ethnic Chinese
supported the Dutch government who try to re-occupied
From 1981 to 1984: Soekarno Hatta International airport was built
in Benda, Tangerang. The airport is located in Tangerang, but it is
called "Soekarno Hatta Airport, Cengkareng, Jakarta". Cengkareng is
the name of a sub-district in West Jakarta near the airport.
On August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail in USA open its first
branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. Unfortunately the branch was
ransacked and burned down during the May 1998 riot. Walmart
discontinue their investment in Indonesia after the riot.
Situ Gintung Flood
Tangerang District is the home of a lake called "Situ Gintung".
Situ Gintung (Sundanese, Lake Gintung) was
an artificial lake near to the town of Cirendeu in Tangerang
District, Indonesia. It was formed by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft)
high which was built by Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. The dam
failed on 27 March 2009 with resulting floods killing at least 93
people. The flood could have been prevented had local authorities
not neglected the recommendation of American engineers which
recommended the reinforcement of the dam and possible evacuation of
the lower villages located at the very bottom of the dam. Local
government neglected to follow up, resulting in the ancient dam's
South Tangerang is the city
newly divided from
. It has seven
subdistricts are Serpong, North Serpong, Ciputat, East Ciputat,
Pondok Aren, Pamulang and Setu. Located on the southwest of
Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a
population of 966.037.