Tanjung Pinang or
Tanjungpinang is the capital and largest town of
the Indonesian province of
A city with 150,000 residents, ) it is a
trading port between islands in the Riau archipelago. Tanjung Pinang is
located on Bintan island and
has ferry and speedboat connections to Batam, Singapore (40 km away), and Johor Bahru.
Pinang is the biggest city on Bintan Island and the capital of, as well as, the administration
center of, the Riau Islands province of Indonesia
a political center for over 500 years ago, when the Portuguese won the battle of Malacca and the
Sultan Mahmud of Malacca fled to
Bintan and created a resistance against the Portuguese very hostile
Bintan was the capital of the Johor
Sultanate, in southern Malaysia.
Tanjung Pinang has always played a leading
role in Malay culture
became a powerful trading port, attracting regional, Western,
Indian and Chinese traders as
well as migrants including Chinese much in the same way Malacca had
developed into a regional power three centuries
hero Raja Haji Fisabililah
died during the battle of Malacca against the Dutch in 1784.
He was a famous Malayan king and
had his palace (istana
) on the
island Penyengat off Tanjung Pinang.
The cultural center for stage performances of Malay music and
dances is located in Tanjung Pinang. The center organizes regularly
festivals and other performance. Culture happenings such as music
and dance. Renowned Buddhist
located outside central Tanjung Pinang in a small town named
The old ruler's palace and royal tombs, among them the grave of the
respected Raja Ali Haji, who also was creater and author of the
first Malay Language grammar book, are among the legacies left by
the Riau sultanate. Still in use is the old vice-royal mosque, the
Mesjid Raya. The site is being considered to be put on the World Heritage
list of sites who have
"outstanding universal value" to the world.
Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument
The 28-metre tall Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument raised in memory of
national hero Raja Haji who died during the battle of Malacca
against the Dutch in 1784. He was a famous Malayan king and had his
castle on Penyengat island outside Tanjung Pinang.