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Tanjung Pinang or Tanjungpinang is the capital and largest town of the Indonesianmarker province of Riau Islandsmarker. A city with 150,000 residents, ) it is a trading port between islands in the Riau archipelago. Tanjung Pinang is located on Bintanmarker island and has ferry and speedboat connections to Batammarker, Singaporemarker (40 km away), and Johor Bahrumarker.

Administration

Tanjung Pinang is the biggest city on Bintan Islandmarker and the capital of, as well as, the administration center of, the Riau Islands province of Indonesia

History

Bintan was a political center for over 500 years ago, when the Portuguesemarker won the battle of Malaccamarker and the Sultan Mahmud of Malacca fled to Bintan and created a resistance against the Portuguese very hostile expansion.

Later Bintan was the capital of the Johor Sultanate, in southern Malaysiamarker. Tanjung Pinang has always played a leading role in Malay culture. Bintan became a powerful trading port, attracting regional, Western, Indianmarker and Chinesemarker traders as well as migrants including Chinese much in the same way Malacca had developed into a regional power three centuries earlier.

The Indonesian national hero Raja Haji Fisabililah died during the battle of Malacca against the Dutchmarker in 1784. He was a famous Malayan king and had his palace (istana) on the island Penyengat off Tanjung Pinang.

Landmarks

The cultural center for stage performances of Malay music and dances is located in Tanjung Pinang. The center organizes regularly festivals and other performance. Culture happenings such as music and dance. Renowned Buddhist temples are located outside central Tanjung Pinang in a small town named Senggarang.

Penyengat Island

The old ruler's palace and royal tombs, among them the grave of the respected Raja Ali Haji, who also was creater and author of the first Malay Language grammar book, are among the legacies left by the Riau sultanate. Still in use is the old vice-royal mosque, the Mesjid Raya. The site is being considered to be put on the World Heritage list of sites who have "outstanding universal value" to the world.

Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument

The 28-metre tall Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument raised in memory of national hero Raja Haji who died during the battle of Malacca against the Dutch in 1784. He was a famous Malayan king and had his castle on Penyengat island outside Tanjung Pinang.

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