Tarlac is a landlocked
province of the
Philippines located in the Luzon
island. Its capital is Tarlac City. Tarlac borders Pampanga to the
Ecija to the east, Pangasinan to the north, and Zambales to the
west. It is a part of Central Luzon, which is composed of Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and
- For the city, see Tarlac City. For the river see Tarlac River. For the basketball player, see
As of the 2000 census, Tarlac has a population of 1,068,783. Its
population density is 350/km². Pampango or Kapampangan
is spoken by
more than half of the population followed by Ilocano
spoken by 41%. Tagalog
is widely understood.
The economy of Tarlac is dominantly agricultural
. Principal crops are rice
major crops are corn
; vegetables such as eggplant
; and fruit trees like mango
, and calamansi
Because the province is landlocked, its fish production is limited
to fishponds. On the boundary with Zambales in the west,
forest lands provide timber for the logging industry.
Mineral reserves such as manganese and iron can also be found along
the western section.
Tarlac has its own rice and corn mills as well as sawmills and
logging outfits. It has three sugar centrals. Other firms service
agricultural needs such as fertilizer. Among its cottage
industries, ceramics making has become important because of the
abundant supply of clay. Some of the major industries here are the
making of the delicious and famous Chicharon and Iniruban in the
municipality of Camiling, Ylang Ylang products of Anao and the
Muscovado sugar products of Victoria. Besides those products, the
province also boosts its sugar products in the Philippines. It is
next to Negros Occidental which is the nation`s sugar capital.
Tilapia is also improving in Tarlac and it will soon be the Tilapia
capital oF the Philippines.
Eastern Tarlac is a plain, while Western Tarlac is hilly to
mountainous. Becaus of this, the province owns a large portion of
mountains like Mt. Telakawa, which is the highest mountain in the
province located at Capas, Tarlac. Mt. Bueno is located also in
Capas. The other mountains are Mt. Dueg and Mt. Maasin, found in
the municipality of San Clemente. Also noted are Mt. Papaac,
Bacsay, Cayasan and Birbira of Camiling. The whole of Mayantoc and
San Jose are mountainous so it is suitable for the highest natural
resources and forest products in the province such as coal, iron,
copper, vegetables, fruits, log fires, sand, rocks and forest
animals such as wild boar, deer etc.
Tarlac is subdivided into 17 municipalities
and 1 city
. These divisions are further
subdivided into 511 barangays
. The province
comprises three congressional
province is situated at the center of the central plains of
Luzon, landlocked by four provinces: Pampanga on the south, Nueva Ecija on the east, Pangasinan on the north, and Zambales on the west.
Approximately 75% of the
province is plain while the rest is hilly to mountainous.
Like the rest of Central Luzon
province has two distinct seasons: dry from November to April and
wet for the rest of the year.
Tarlac's name is a Hispanized derivation from a talahib weed called
in Ilokano word "Malatarlak".Tarlac was originally a part of the
provinces of Pampanga and Pangasinan.
It was the last Central Luzon
province to be organized under
the Spanish administration in 1874.
During the Philippine
of 1896, Tarlac was one of the first eight provinces
to rise in arms against Spain. It became the new seat of the first Philippine Republic in March
1899 when Emilio Aguinaldo
abandoned the former capital, Malolos, Bulacan. This lasted only for a month, as the seat
was moved to Nueva
Ecija in Aguinaldo's attempt to elude the pursuing
October 23, 1899, Gregorio Aglipay,
military vicar general of the revolutionary forces, called the
Filipino clergy to a conference in Paniqui.
There, they drafted the constitution of the
. They called for the Filipinization of the clergy, which
eventually led to a schism in the Roman Catholic Church
Tarlac was captured by American forces in November 1899. A civil
government was established in the province in 1901.
the World War II, Camp
O'Donnell in Capas became the terminal point of the infamous "Bataan Death March", involving Filipino
and American soldiers who surrendered in Bataan on April 9,
The camp was so overcrowded that many allied prisoners
who survived the grueling march died here of hunger and
beginning of 1945, American & Filipino forces with the Filipino
guerillas liberated Camp O'Donnell.
The Raid at
resulted in the rescue of American, Filipino and other
allied Prisoners of War
On January 20, 1945, Tarlac was recaptured by combined Filipino and
American troops together with the guerrilla fighters against the
Japanese Imperial forces during the liberation.
In the early 1950s, Tarlac was the hotbed of the Huks
, a local communist
movement. It was suppressed at first but had resurgence in
Tarlac is the home province of Corazon C. Aquino (1933-2009),
President of the Philippines (1986-1992) and her husband, former
Senator Benigno S.
Aquino, Jr., whose assassination at
the Manila International Airport in 1983 started the protest movement against the
Marcos dictatorship, which
culminated in the People Power
Revolution of 1986.
Former President Aquino was a member
of the Cojuangco family, one of the richest in the country.
Tarlac is also the home province of General Carlos P. Romulo
(from the town of Camiling), who
served as president of the University of the Philippines,
Philippine ambassador to the United Nations, president of the
General Assembly and chairman of the Security Council.
Tarlac is also the home province of Onofre D. Corpuz
, also from the town of Camiling, who
served as president of the University of the Philippines and
secretary of education. It is also the home province of
, who is the incumbent governor of Batangas
Tarlac Military Testing Ground
US and Philippine troops during a
military excersise in Crow Valley, Tarlac
Recently the Philippine Army has used Crow Valley in Tarlac as a
testing ground for both Philippine forces and allies. Many of the
Philippine Military testings were done on March 17, 2006 
most likely as a part of Operation Enduring
Freedom - Philippines
Belenismo sa Tarlac
“Belenismo sa Tarlac” (project to transform it to “Belen capital”
of the Philippines) was launched by Isabel Cojuangco-Suntay, sister
of former Ambassador Eduardo
, president of the Tarlac Heritage Foundation.
2007 Belen Festival began in September, with the first Belen-making
workshop to Dec. 16. Sen. Loren
led the awarding of 16 winners in 5 categories --
personal, grand, monumental, municipal and diorama. The Tarlac
police office Belen, built by at least 24 policemen, won the first
prize; Asiaten Hotel was second and restaurant Coconut Grill was
- Inquirer.net, Tarlac aims to become ‘Belen’ capital