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Taupo ( ) is a town on the shore of Lake Taupomarker in the centre of the North Islandmarker of New Zealandmarker. It is the seat of the Taupo District Council and lies in the southern Waikato Regionmarker.

Taupo has a population of In 1953, Taupo was officially constituted as a borough, but from 1989 it has been administered by the Taupo District Council, the district including both Taupo itself and the surrounding hinterland. Despite this, it is occasionally referred to as a city.

The name Taupo comes from Māori Taupō-nui-a-Tia. Literally translated, it means "The great cloak of Tia" where Tia is the name of the discoverer of the lake.

In 2009 a team of Taupo citizens won the TV2 programme Top Town.

Geography

Taupo is located at the outlet of Lake Taupomarker, New Zealand's largest lake, in the northeast part of the lake where it discharges to the Waikato River. The river flows over one of New Zealand's most spectacular waterfalls, Huka Fallsmarker, a short distance north of the town. Taupo is a centre of volcanic and geothermal activity and hot springs suitable for bathing are located at several places in the vicinity. The volcanic mountain of Mount Tauhara lies six kilometres (4 mi) to the east. Some forested area exists near Taupo, with understory vegetation consisting of certain shrubs and ferns.

Taupo is situated on a stretch of State Highway 1, running concurrenly with State Highway 5. It is situated 53 km North of Turangi. It is one of the few centres in New Zealand that were never linked to the rail network.

The small but growing satellite town of Kinlochmarker, where a Jack Nicklaus golf resort is being constructed, is 20 kilometres west along the lake.

Neighbourhoods

Taupo's neighbourhoods include:

  • Wharewakamarker
  • Nukuhau lies north of the waikato river. To the south west lies Acacia Baymarker and to the south lies Taupo town centre.
  • Richmond Heights lies to the east of Rainbow Point and south of Mountain View. It is home to the Waipahihi Primary School, Richmond Heights shopping center, and the Waipahihi Botanical Gardens.
  • Mount View
  • Acacia Baymarker
  • Rainbow Point is an affluent area and has its own dairy. It lies north of Wharewakamarker and west of Richmond Heights. To the west lies Lake Taupomarker.
  • Tauhara lies just north of Hilltop and east of Mount View. Mount Tauhara lies just east of Tauhara. Tauhara is the location of Tauhara primary school and Tauhara Golf course.
  • Hilltop lies south of Tauhara. Hilltop is the location of Hilltop School, Taupo Intermediate Schoolmarker and the Taupo Hospital. Plus the Tarepa shopping centre,And the Hilltop shopping centre.
  • Gradwell is a suburb of Taupo. To the south lies Rainbow Point to the north is Hilltop. Gradwell is the location of the Waipahihi Botanical Gardens.
  • Taupo CBD
  • Five Mile Bay is located south of Wharewakamarker and north of Waitahanui on State Highway 1 just west of the Taupo Airportmarker. On the east side is Lake Taupomarker.It is home to a popular swimming/water sking beach, though it has very few houses it gets very busy in summer. The bay is of taupo bays the others are 2 mile bay,3 mile bay and 5 mile bay.
  • Wairakeimarker
  • Waitahanui


Climate

Economy

Taupo is a tourist centre, particularly in the summer, as it offers panoramic views over the lake and to the volcanic mountains of Tongariro National Parkmarker to the south. It offers a number of tourist activities including sky diving, jet boating and paragliding.

Taupo services a number of surrounding plantation pine forests including Kaingaroa Forestmarker, the largest manmade forest in the world, and related industry. A large sawmill is sited approximated 3 km to the north east of the town on Centennial Drive.

The Wairakei geothermal power stationmarker is a few kilometres north of the town.

Education

Taupo has three high schools: Tauhara Collegemarker, Taupo Nui-a-Tia College and the private Lake Taupo Christian School. It also has Waipahihi, Hilltop, Mount View, Taupo and Tauhara primary schools, and Taupo Intermediate Schoolmarker.

Sporting events

Since the mid-1990s Taupo has become increasingly popular as a venue for major sporting events, increasingly of an international nature. The town's compact size, clean environment, central location and supportive council and community have been cited as the reasons for this. Major events in Taupo include:

Current Events

Past Events



Aerial view of the town from the east, showing Lake Taupo and the Waikato River.


Transport

Taupo is served by State Highways SH 1 and SH 5, and the Thermal Explorer Highway touring route. All three highways run concurrently for 11 km from Wairakei in the north, along Tongariro Street and Lake Terrace, to southern Taupo.

Taupo is one of the few towns in New Zealand that have never had a link to the national rail network, although there have been proposals in the past.

Taupo Airportmarker is located south of the township. The airport is served by Air New Zealand subsidiary Eagle Airways, with direct flights using Beechcraft 1900D aircraft to Aucklandmarker and Wellingtonmarker

Sister Cities



See also



References

  1. TVNZ


External links




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