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For the Taurus Mountains on the moon, see Montes Taurus. For Mt. Taurus outside Cold Spring, New Yorkmarker, see Bull Hillmarker.
Taurus Mountains (Turkish: Toros Dağları) are a mountain complex in southern Turkeymarker, from which the Euphrates and Tigrismarker descend into Iraqmarker. It divides the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau.

The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdirmarker in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris in the east. It has many peaks rising above 3,000–3,700 m, (10,000–12,000 ft). The Taurus complex is divided into four ranges: The highest point in the central Tauruses is the summit of Mt. Demirkazık.

Historical

A Bronze Age archaeological site, where early evidence of tin mining was found, is at Kestel. The pass known in antiquity as the Cilician Gatesmarker ( ) crosses the range north of Tarsusmarker. During World War I, a German and Turkish railway system through the Taurus Mountains proved to be a major strategic objective of the Allies. This region was specifically mentioned as a strategically controlled objective slated for surrender to the Allies in the Armistice, which ended hostilities against the Ottoman Empire.

Geography

In the Aladaglar and Bolkar mountains, limestone has eroded to form karstic landscapes of waterfalls, underground rivers, and some of the largest caves of Asia. The Manavgat Rivermarker originates on the southern slopes of the Beydaglari range.

Attractions

In addition to hiking and mountain climbing, there are two ski resorts on the mountain range, one at Davras about from the two nearest towns of Egirdirmarker and Ispartamarker, the second is Saklıkentmarker from the city of Antalyamarker.

References

  1. "Mountaineering in Turkey" All About Turkey
  2. Yener, K.A. (2000) The Domestication of Metals: The Rise of Complex Metal Industries in Anatolia Brill, Leiden, ISBN 90-04-11864-0
  3. Price, Ward (16 December 1918) "Danger in Taurus Tunnels" New York Times


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