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Ted Strickland (born August 4, 1941) is an Americanmarker politician of the Democratic party and the current Governor of the state of Ohiomarker. Before his election in 2006, he served six terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio’s 6th district.

Early life

Born in Lucasvillemarker, Ohiomarker, Strickland was one of nine children; his father was a steelworker. A 1959 graduate of Northwest High School, Strickland went on to be the first member of his family to attend college. [74097] Strickland was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Asbury College in 1963. In 1966, he received a Master of Arts degree in guidance counseling from the University of Kentuckymarker and a Master of Divinity from the Asbury Theological Seminarymarker in 1967. He then returned to the University of Kentucky to earn his Ph.D in counseling psychology in 1980. He is married to Frances Strickland, an educational psychologist and author of a widely used screening test for kindergarten-age children.

Strickland worked as a counseling psychologist at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facilitymarker in Lucasville, Ohiomarker He was an administrator at a Methodist children's home and was a professor of psychology at Shawnee State University. His only known pastoral position within a church was a very brief associate pastoral position at Wesley United Methodist Church located at the corner of Offnere and Gallia Streets, Portsmouth, Ohiomarker (now Cornerstone United Methodist Church).

Election to Congress

Strickland ran for U.S. representative for Ohio's 6th congressional district in 1976, 1978, and 1980, losing twice to long-time incumbent William H. Harsha and later to Harsha's successor and campaign manager, Bob McEwen.

Strickland ran again for the 6th District seat in 1992, once again facing Bob McEwen, who had suffered some political damage by being associated with the House banking scandal. The 6th District had been combined with the old 10th District when Ohio lost two seats in Congress following the 1990 census and now covered a huge area stretching from Lebanon,marker in Warren County,marker to Marietta,marker in Washington Countymarker on the opposite side of the state. The district proved a difficult place to campaign, representing half a dozen different media markets and home to no large cities and few unifying influences.

Patrick J. Buchanan, Vice President Dan Quayle, and Oliver North came to Ohio to campaign for McEwen, but Strickland narrowly won in the general election on November 3, 1992. He received 122,720 votes to McEwen's 119,252, a plurality of only 3,468 - just over 1.4%. Strickland said "I ran against Pat Robertson, Pat Buchanan, the National Rifle Associationmarker, and Right-to-Life. They threw everything at me. I'm just so happy I beat back those guys. I think they're so divisive." Strickland began serving in January 1993 (103rd Congress).

Congressional career

In 1994, the Republican wave swamped Strickland, who narrowly lost his seat to Republican Frank Cremeans. In 1996, however, Strickland narrowly won his seat back, taking office in January 1997 (the 105th Congress). He faced a strong challenge from Lieutenant Governor Nancy Hollister in 1998, but turned it back fairly easily. He wasn't seriously challenged again after this and was reelected three more times, and even ran unopposed in 2004. Strickland served on the Energy and Commerce Committee and the Veterans' Affairs Committee.2007-2009

Outsourcing

Governor Strickland is a strong supporter of outsourcing corporations such as India's Tata Consultancy Services. Strickland offered $19 million in tax breaks and other incentives to get Tata in Ohio, which in turn displaced highly skilled local workers and ultimately lead to the off-shoring of Ohio jobs. Although more than 50% of Tata's revenue comes from North America, of the more than 123,000 workers employed by Tata Consultancy Services, only 900 are Americans, says a report Tata issued in July 2009.

2006 Ohio gubernatorial campaign

Strickland successfully ran for Governor of Ohio in 2006, when Governor Bob Taft was term-limited and could not run for re-election. Strickland selected former Ohio Attorney General and 1998 Democratic nominee for governor Lee Fisher as his running mate. He was sworn in as governor on January 8, 2007.



Opposition

Strickland easily won the Democratic primary on May 2, 2006, winning 80 percent of the vote. In the November general election, he was challenged by Republican Secretary of State Ken Blackwell, Libertarian economist Bill Peirce and Green Bob Fitrakis, but won handily on November 7, 2006, capturing 60% of the vote. Blackwell finished in a distant second with 37% of the vote.

Major endorsements (general election)



A full listing of endorsements can be found on Strickland's campaign website.

Media strategy

Strickland began his media campaign for the general election in July by purchasing significant airtime on Christian radio stations throughout the state. The ad cited a verse from the Book of Micah, calling one "to do justice, to love kindness, and to walk humbly with our God," principles Strickland says he has held throughout his life. His televised ads began airing in late September 2006.

Republican support

Strickland's candidacy received some support from Republicans, indicated by many of the pollsters covering the race. Additionally, a number of high profile Republicans publicly announced their support for Strickland at a press conference on September 12, and Strickland's website launched "Republicans For Strickland," which lists over 340 registered Republican endorsers.

Gubernatorial career

After drawing criticism for running a "close to the vest" campaign with few specific details about how he would change Ohio as governor, Strickland became more outspoken upon taking office. He has made education a centerpiece of his goals as governor, hoping to come up with ways to get more Ohioans to afford state-sponsored college, graduate from in-state public universities, and thus stay in-state for quality jobs. Although his Congressional record gave reason for many critics to claim during the campaign he may not be averse to raising taxes, he has made some efforts to investigate state government spending and proposed only minimal tax increases in his "State of the State" address in March 2007. he emphasized a goal to override the market and freeze or minimally increase tuition in the next few years, and have minimal tax increases across the board. He appointed Eric Fingerhut as a state chancellor of higher education. He also wants to shift funding away from Ohio's private universities towards public universities. While the Republican-led legislature, led by State House Speaker Jon Husted, agreed with the need to emphasize education, they disagreed on how to keep costs down without raising taxes. Nevertheless, Strickland overcame nearly all of these disagreements with the legislature to pass a unanimous budget of $52 billion over the two fiscal years beginning July 2007 with line-item vetoes; this unanimous approval of the budget was the state's first in 84 years.

On the pre-collegiate level of education, Strickland has pushed to cut funding of school vouchers, which critics claim will reduce education choice available to the public. He opposes federally subsidized abstinence-only sex education programs.In addition to shoring up the state's education bureaucracy, one of Strickland's primary economic plans has been working to help bring jobs in the coal and energy industries to Ohio by emphasizing ethanol production and other non-petroleum based energy sources.

Strickland has also emphasized health care. In addition, on the issue of capital punishment, Strickland has thus far delayed three executions until further review and has commuted two death sentences thus far. Strickland refused to block three additional executions, including two that eventually occurred. The March 20, 2007 execution of Kenneth Biros, which Strickland refused to stop, was later stayed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnatimarker.

Strickland voted against partial-birth abortion while in the U.S. House, but has said he would veto a near-total abortion ban proposed by Ohio State House member Tom Brinkman (R-Cincinnati) that does not include rape, incest or health exceptions.

Arguably the biggest setback to occur during his short career as Governor was the loss of a computer backup tape that contained the names and Social Security numbers of 64,000 state employees and their families, and 225,000 other state taxpayers. Especially troubling was that a 22-year-old intern was entrusted to this tape and it was stolen out of his unlocked car; however, the administration has insisted that because of the technical nature of the coding it has not been accessed.

In spite of such setbacks, his success with bringing the legislature together with his budget and the state's overall desire for change after the Taft years have resulted in some of the highest approval and lowest disapproval ratings in Ohio gubernatorial history: 61% approval, 15% disapproval, including 54%/19% splits from Republicans (July 2007).

Helen Jones-Kelley, Strickland’s Director of the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS), became embroiled in the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services database search controversy during the last few weeks of the 2008 US Presidential election campaign. The Attorney General's office of Ohio conducted an investigation. On November 7, 2008, Strickland placed Jones-Kelley on paid leave “for possibly using a state computer and e-mail account for political fundraising.” Strickland stated that this action was taken "due to the possibility, as yet unconfirmed, that a state computer or state e-mail account was used to assist in political fund raising." Strickland later released e-mails showing that Jones-Kelley "used her state-issued e-mail account to send names of potential contributors to the Obama campaign." On December 17, 2008, Jones-Kelley resigned from her position as director of ODJFS. Upon Jones-Kelley's resignation, Douglas E. Lumpkin was chosen by Governor Strickland to replace her as director of ODJFS.

Strickland's approval ratings have steadily dropped from his highest point when the took office due to the state's economy, and several corruption scandals in his administration that came to light in early 2008. By July 2008 Strickland's overall approval rating was down to 44%, with only 12% of Ohioans reporting he is doing a "good" job, and 52% reporting he is only doing a "fair" to "poor" job, with 17% stating Strickland's performance has been poor. (July 2008). The state's economic woes continue to drag down Strickland's administration with the state unemployment rate in June 2008 at 6.6%, 0.9% higher than in June 2007, and higher than any time in the previous Taft administration.

On January 2, 2009, Strickland joined the governors of four other states in urging the federal government to provide $1 trillion in aid to the country's 50 state governments to help pay for education, welfare and infrastructure as states struggle with steep budget deficits amid a deepening recession.

In June 2009, in response to declining state revenues, Strickland announced plans to cut funding for, and therefore to close, many of Ohio's public libraries.. Strickland had stated his position in the February 2007 edition of the Ohio Library Council's Access magazine that “Libraries will have a key role in our work to turn around Ohio, especially as we put a greater focus on education.”.

2008 Election

Due to his more conservative politics (for instance, he was voted an 'A' by the NRAmarker) and popularity in what is presumed to be a key swing state, Strickland was mentioned as a possible Democratic Vice Presidential nominee in the 2008 election. Nonetheless, Strickland repeatedly and vehemently denied that he would accept a position on the ticket if offered. Most speculation of his potential selection as Barack Obama's running mate died out by the summer of 2008.

Strickland spoke on the second night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Many commentators, including former Reagan speechwriter Peggy Noonan, credited Strickland with delivering the best line of the convention: "You know, it was once said of the first George Bush that he was born on third base and thought he'd hit a triple. Well, with the 22 million new jobs and the budget surplus Bill Clinton left behind, George W. Bush came into office on third base and then he stole second. And John McCain cheered him every step of the way."

Electoral history

: Results 1976–1980, 1992–2004
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1976 Ted Strickland 67,067 39% William H. Harsha 107,064 61%
1978 Ted Strickland 46,313 35% William H. Harsha 85,592 65%
1980 Ted Strickland 84,235 45% Robert D. McEwen 101,288 55%
1992 122,720 51% Robert D. McEwen 119,252 49%
1994 87,861 49% 91,263 51%
1996 Ted Strickland 118,003 51% 111,907 49% *
1998 Ted Strickland 102,852 57% 77,711 43%
2000 Ted Strickland 138,849 58% Mike Azinger 96,966 40% Kenneth R. MacCutcheon Libertarian 4,759 2%
2002 Ted Strickland 113,972 59% Mike Halleck 77,643 41%
2004 Ted Strickland 223,842 100% (no candidate) *

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, write-ins received 16 votes.
In 2004, John Stephen Luchansky received 145 votes.


See also



References

External links





U.S. Representative (1993–1995, 1997–2007)



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