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Tehiya ( , Revival), originally known as Banai (Hebrew: בנא"י, an acronym for Land of Israel Loyalists' Alliance (Hebrew: ברית נאמני ארץ ישראל)), then Tehiya-Bnai (Hebrew: תחייה-בנא"י), was a small right-wing political party in Israelmarker that existed from 1979 until 1992. In the eyes of many, Tehiya was identified with Geula Cohen, who founded the party and headed it throughout its existence.

Background

The party was formed in 1979 during the term of the ninth Knesset, when Geula Cohen and Moshe Shamir broke away from Likud in response to the Camp David Treaty between Egyptmarker and Israel, particularly to the surrender of the Sinai peninsulamarker to Egypt, and the eviction of its Israeli residents.

Tehiya was strongly affiliated with the extra-parliamentary movement of Gush Emunim, and included prominent members of Israeli settlements in the West Bankmarker and Gazamarker such as Hanan Porat (later to be a member of the Knessetmarker for the National Religious Party and the National Union) and Elyakim Haetzni. Another founder and prominent member was the physicist Yuval Neeman.

In its first electoral test, the 1981 elections, Tehiya picked up three seats. Despite their previous difference of opinion, they were included in Menachem Begin's coalition government alongside Likud, the National Religious Party, Agudat Israel, Tami and Telem. Although Cohen did not take a ministerial position, Neeman became Minister of Science and Development.

In the 1984 elections, Tehiya became the third largest party in the Knessetmarker after the Alignment and Likud, albeit with only five seats. However, they were excluded from Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Shamir's national unity government, which included the Alignment, Likud, the National Religious Party, Agudat Israel, Shas, Morasha, Shinui and Ometz. During the Knesset session Rafael Eitan defected from Tehiya to found a new party, Tzomet.

The party was reduced to three seats in the 1988 elections, and was again left out of Shamir's national unity government. However, when the Alignment left the coalition in 1990, Tehiya were invited into a new narrow right-wing government which included Likud, the National Religious Party, Shas, Agudat Israel, Degel HaTorah, the Party for Advancing the Zionist Idea. Although Cohen again declined a ministerial position, Neeman was appointed Minister of Energy and Infrastructure and Minister of Science and Technology. Despite its late entry to the government, the party pulled out of the coalition on 21 January, 1992 in protest over Yitzhak Shamir's participation in the Madrid conference.

In the June 1992 elections, the party failed to cross the electoral threshold, and subsequently disappeared. It is likely that most of its electorate went to Eitan's Tzomet, who jumped from two seats in the 1988 elections to eight in the 1992 votes. The two parties had competed on the same secular right-wing electorate, though Tzomet had a much more pronounced secular, even anti-religious stand.

Tehiya fronted a number of controversial positions in its time, some of which were adopted by the mainstream; most notably, the Jerusalem Law enacted on July 30, 1980 establishing Jerusalemmarker as the capital of the State of Israel.

Knesset Members

Knesset
(MKs)
Knesset Members
9th
(2)
Geula Cohen, Moshe Shamir
10th
(3)
Geula Cohen, Yuval Neeman, Hanan Porat (replaced by Zvi Shiloah)
11th
(5 –1)
Geula Cohen, Yuval Neeman, Gershon Shafat, Eliezer Waldman
Rafael Eitan (to Tzomet)
12th
(3)
Geula Cohen, Yuval Neeman (replaced by Elyakim Haetzni), Eliezer Waldman (replaced by Gershon Shafat)


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