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A tehsil ( , ; also known as tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, taluq, and mandal) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia.

Generally, a tehsil consists of a city or town that serves as its headquarters, possibly additional towns, and a number of villages. As an entity of local government, it exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. Its chief official is called the tehsildar or less officially the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar.

Variations

It should be noted that tehsil and taluka and their variants are used as English words without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to English speakers outside of the subcontinent, the word county has sometimes been provided as a gloss, on the basis that a tehsil, like a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province. However, India and Pakistan have two (or more, at least in parts of India) intermediate levels of hierarchy—the District and the tehsil, both of which are sometimes glossed as county. In neither case is the analogy very precise in specific details.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the term tehsil is generally used except in Sindhmarker where the term taluka ( ) predominates e.g. Larkana Taluka. The tehsil is the second-lowest tier of local government in Pakistan; each tehsil is part of a larger District (Zila/Zilah ( )). Each tehsil is subdivided into a number of Union Councils

India

municipal setup by state in India
The term taluka or taluk is used in some States, including Gujaratmarker, Goamarker, Maharashtra, Keralamarker, Tamil Nadumarker, and Karnatakamarker, and tehsil in others, such as Punjabmarker, Haryanamarker, Uttar Pradeshmarker, Uttarakhandmarker, Himachal Pradeshmarker, Madhya Pradeshmarker and Rajasthanmarker. Andhra Pradeshmarker used to have taluks (with Firkas under them), but these have now been replaced with mandals. In addresses the abbreviation TK often appears.

Each taluka or tehsil is part of a larger District within a State or Union Territory. In some cases, the tehsils of a given District are organized into smaller groups of tehsils called Sub-Division (Pargana, Anuvibhag).

The governmental bodies called the panchayat samiti operate at the tehsil level. The villages of a tehsil are grouped into smaller clusters known as hobli.

See also



References

External links

  • 2001 maps; provides maps of social, economic and demographic data of India in 2001



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