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The primary role of a television producer is to control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. It is often the producer who is responsible for the show's overall quality and survivability, though the roles depend on the particular show or organization.

Some producers take more of an executive role, in that they conceive new programs and pitch them to the networks, but upon acceptance they focus on business matters, such as budgets and contracts. Other producers are more involved with the day-to-day workings, participating in activities such as screenwriting, set design, casting, and even directing.

In television, there are a variety of different producers on a show. A traditional producer is one who manages a show's budget and maintains a schedule, but this is no longer the case in modern television. In fact, nowadays a producer is almost synonymous with a writer.

Different types of producers in the U.S.marker industry today include (in order of seniority):

  • Executive producer: Usually at least one, but not necessarily every, executive producer is in charge of production, or the show runner. Show creators are automatically given the title of executive producer, even after they depart the show. Executive producers can also be head writers.
  • Co-executive producer: Second in seniority to executive producer. Often in television, the title of co-executive producer is also given to a writer who has written full-time on the show for many years.
  • Supervising producer: Supervises the creative process in the writing room, and often aids in script re-writes. These people also guide new writers.
  • Coordinating producer: Or production coordinator. This producer manages the show's schedule and arranges the staff into teams.
  • Producer: One who manages a show's budget. A producer can also be the writer of the episode, or a former executive producer who still writes for the show, but has since relinquished his/her duties as E.P. Since producer credits are used for individual episodes, they often require approval from the Writers Guild of America. Traditional producers are usually given the credit of Produced by.
  • Co-producer: A writer on the show who may not have written the episode, but contributed significantly through table reads or revisions. Co-producer credits also often require approval from the Writers Guild of America.
  • Consulting producer: These producers are former executive or possibly co-executive producers, or in rare cases directors, who no longer work on the show. They are called upon to assist the writers, sometimes specializing in a particular subject.
  • Associate producer: Runs day-to-day operations.
  • Segment producer: Writes one segment of a program.
  • Line producer: A producer in charge of managing current staff, and finding staff to hire for the production.
  • Production assistant: Or P.A. A production assistant does various odd jobs around a studio, such as printing schedules, making copies, and storing files.


In live or "as-live" television, an executive producer seldom has any operational control of the show. His/her job is to stand back from the operational aspects and judge the show as an ordinary viewer might.

In film or videotape productions, the executive producer is almost always given an opportunity to comment on a rough cut but the amount of attention paid to his/her comments is highly dependent on the overall personnel structure of the production.

Writer as "producer"

Under the guidelines of the Writers Guild of America, script writers in television also tend to be credited as "producers," even though they may not engage in the responsibilities generally associated with that title.

On-screen, a "producer" credit for a TV series will generally be given to each member of the writing staff who made a demonstrable contribution to the final script. The actual producer of the show (in the traditional sense) is listed under the credit "Produced by".

Star as "producer"

Sometimes the star of a successful series can have a degree of influence over the creative process. For example, besides his leading role as Jack Bauer in 24, Kiefer Sutherland was credited as producer during the show's second season, then rising to co-executive producer from seasons 3 to the last few episodes of season 5, from where he was finally promoted to executive producer of which he is still serving. Additionally, Mark Harmon, star of the series NCIS, serves as one of the show's producers.

Some notable television producers



See also



References

External links




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