, or Tell-'Ashtara
, was a site south of Damascus mentioned in
the Amarna letters correspondence
. In the Amarna letters the city is named: Aštartu
and is the Biblical
only referenced in two letters of the 382 letter corpus, in letters EA 256, and EA 197: (titled:
"Biryawaza's plight"), -(EA is
for 'el Amarna').
was the mayor of Damascus-called
EA 256 is
a story concerning Mutbaal, the son of
Labaya, and the Habiru,
and concerns the whereabouts of Ayyab, who may
be in Pihilu, modern day
Jordan, and is a letter of intrique, titled: "Oaths
and denials", and lists 7 cities located in the Golan area. Ayyab
is the king
of Aštartu and does author one letter to the Egyptian pharaoh
letter EA 364.
- Moran, William L. The
Amarna Letters. John Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1992.
(softcover, ISBN 0-8018-6715-0)