Tell Agrab (or Aqrab)
(modern Y, Iraq) was an
ancient Near East city 15 miles
east of Eshnunna in the
Tell Agrab is located east of ancient Eshnunna
was occupied during the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods through the Akkadian and Larsa
It was during theEarly Dynastic period that
monumental building occurred, includingthe Shara Temple. There is
no evidence that it was occupied afterthe end of the third
The site of Tell Agrab is encompased by a 500 by 600 meter
rectanglewith a height of around 12 meters.
Though it had been subject to illegal digging earlier, the site was
officiallyexcavated in 1936 and 1937 by a team from the Oriental Institute of
Chicagowhich was also working at Eshnunna, Khafajah and Tell Ishchali
during that time.
was led by Seton
The primary excavation effort was on the large Early Dynastic
temple,which was dedicated to Shara
according to a bowl inscription. Only thewestern end of the Shara
Temple was studied, the rest being badly eroded. The temple was
about 60 meterssquare and was surrounded by a wall 6 meters wide
with large supportingbutresses. The presence of sling stones and a
tunnel indicatedan attack in the
Early Dynastic era. Aside from a number of treasure caches
found, the most notable find was a copper chariot
pulledby four onagers
, one of the earliest examples known.
- John Bagnell Bury et al., The Cambridge Ancient History,
Cambridge University Press, 1925, ISBN 0521077915
-  Jean M. Evans, The Square Temple at
Tell Asmar and the Construction of Early Dynastic Mesopotamia ca.
2900-2350 B.C.E, American Journal of Archaeology, Boston, Vol. 111,
Iss. 4; pg. 599, Oct 2007