The Telugu people
an ethnic group of India
are the native speakers of the Telugu
, the most commonly spoken language in India after
. They are mostly native to Andra Pradesh, with significant populations in Pondicherry, Tamil
Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa.
Tamils, in their Sangam literature
in the beginning of Christian era, called Telugu people Vadugu,
Vadagu, Vadugar etc., meaning "northerners". Jayagondar’s work
called Kaldlingattupparindni used words like Telungaru and Vadugu
to describe Telugus .
The Andhras were nomads for several centuries. Some tribes migrated
and others did not and remained in their older settlements.
Rishi states that around 700 BC some Andhra tribes inhabited the
Salva Kingdom (Salva Desa) on the
banks of the Yamuna
River. Apastamba sutra
has been widely practiced among Andhra Brahmin
families and continues to be followed even
today. A single Rishi
was the teacher
) of each tribe. Apastamba was one
such teacher. Apastamba wrote these rules in Salva Desam on the banks of the Yamuna
After Apastamba's death the Andhra tribes crossed the
Vindhya mountains, reached the south, and merged with the other
Andhra tribes. The Atreya Brahmana says that the Andhras lived on the south
side of Vindhya Range along
with the Pundra, Pulinda, Sabaras and Mootibas.
those Andhras who came to the south of the Vindhya mountains
settled in the regions north of present-day Hyderabad. Another tribe crossed the Eastern Ghats to Orissa and reached
Desam. Serivanijo Jataka
tale explains that the Andhras built the Andhaka-puram
on the banks of Tel
The Sanskrit epics
, named for the
tribe of the
.They are mentioned again at the time of the death
of the great Mauryan King Ashoka
in 232 BC.
This date has been considered to be the beginning of the Andhra
historical record. Various dynasties have ruled the area,
including the Andhra (or Satavahana),
Shakas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, the Vijayanagar Kingdom, the Qutb Shahis of Golconda,
and the Nizams (princes) of Hyderābād.
Kalinga , has been historically
relevant to this region, incorporating north-east Andhra Pradesh and modern day Orissa.
from the Kalinga region were responsible for colonizing Sri Lanka, spreading Buddhism and are
ancestors to a large portion of the Sinhalese population. The inhabitants of
Pradesh are predominantly descendants of the Dravidian people, with mild admixture from the
and Kalingas supported the Kauravas
during the Mahabharata war.
Sahadeva defeated the kingdoms of Pandya, Dravida, Odra, Chera, Andhra, and
Kalinga while performing the Rajasuya yajna.
Chanoora was killed by Krishna
Hari Vamsa Purana
corroborates the fact that Chanoora was the king of Karoosa
Desa (to the North of the Vindhyas and on the North Bank of the Yamuna river) and
was an Andhra.
Buddhist references to Andhras are also
The Jataka Tales
were written during
200-250 BC. The Tel river is a Tributary of the Mahanadi in Orissa.
tribe in this region were called Kalingas. The books cited above
describe the Andhras and Kalingas as two different branches of a
single tribe. Sometimes these two words (Andhras and Kalingas) are
used as synonyms.
tribes established relationships with Naga, Yaksha, and Dravida tribes of the Vindhya mountains
who were already living there. A tribe called
Tailang in Burma is proposed
to be related to Telugu people.
The first great Andhra empire was that of the Satavahanas
, who came to power when the last
emperor Sisuman, was assassinated by his
prime minister Sipraca, of the Andhra tribe. They reigned for 450
years and the last was Puliman or Puloma the pious, who after
conquering India put an end
to his life by drowning himself in the holy waters of the Ganga river, after
the example of his grandfather. Because of this king,
India was called Poulomeun-koue, the country
of Puliman by the Chinese.
While in the west the inhabitants of the
Gangetic provinces were denominated Andhra Hindus
. The Satavahana rulers are said to have been
held in the highest veneration all over India ; and their
fame was extended to the Malay
Archipelago, the Maharajas of India being a
favorite subject of Malayan poetry.
Telugu is a heavily Sanskritized
developed during the medieval period.Early inscriptions date from
around the 6th century, and literary texts from the 11th century,
written in a Telugu script
from the Bhattiprolu script
the early inscriptions.
Kakateeya Sculpture at Warangal
- Padya Sahithyam and Gadya Sahithyam
- Bhagavatam by Sri Bammera Pothana
- Ramayanam by Rayana Baskara
- Ramayanam by Kummari Molla
- Maha Bharatam by KaviTrayam (Nannaya, Yerrapragada and
- Sataka Sahityam by Vemana, Baddena, Marana Venkana, Yenugu
Lakshmana Kavi, Seshappa Kavi, Dhoorjati, and Bhakata Ramdas
- Telugu Chatu Padhyalu
- Tenali Ramalinga Kavi
- Kavi Sarvabhouma Srinathudu
- Telugu Vaggeya Karulu
Some common Telugu foods are:
- Aavakaaya Pachadi
- Maagaya Pachadi
- Chintakaya Pachadi
- Gongoora pachchadi
- Korivi Karam
- Vankaya Kura
- Pootha Rekulu
- Madata Kajalu
- Gor Meetilu
- Bobbatlu (bhakshaalu in Rayalaseema)
- Ulava Chaaru
- Pacchi Pulusu
- Bommidaila Pulusu
- Sambaru (Tamil Sambar)
- Uttareeyam (Angavastram or veil)
- Pancha (Dhoti)
- Jubba (Kurta) The top portion
- Lungi (Casual or Worker dress)
- Cheera (Sari)
- Langa Oni (Half Sari)
- Langa (Full skirt with separate
- Josiah Conder, The Modern Traveller: A Popular
Description, Geographical, Historical, and ... v. I, India,