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Temple is a city in Bell Countymarker, Texasmarker, United Statesmarker. Adjacent to the county seat (Beltonmarker), Temple lies in the region referred to as Central Texas. Located off Interstate 35, Temple is 65 miles north of Austinmarker and 34 miles south of Wacomarker. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 54,514, but a 2006 estimate places the current population at a little over 60,000. It is a "principal city" in the Killeenmarker–Temple–Fort Hoodmarker Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Currently known as the "Wildflower Capital of Texas," Temple was originally founded in 1881 as a railroad town. It was named in honor of Bernard Moore Temple, civil engineer and former surveyor with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company that established the town. For many years it was the home of the Santa Fe Railway Company's hospital for its employees. Temple is known for its strength as a regional medical center (this is primarily due to the highly respected Scott & White Memorial Hospital). Scott & White is the the largest employer in town with about 10,000 employees. With Scott & White, the Veteran's Hospital Center, and other smaller clinics, Temple is home to more physicians per capita than any other community in the nation. Temple is the site of one of two major campuses for the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. Medical students can elect to spend all four years of their medical education training or their two years of clinical training on the campus.

Besides health services, Temple is home to many regional distribution centers and headquarters to two large, multi-national companies, Wilsonart International and McLane Company. The Temple Daily Telegram is the daily newspaper.


Temple is located at (31.093678, -97.362202) . Its residents are within relatively short driving distances to Texas's major cities: 134 miles to Dallasmarker, 65 miles to Austinmarker, 143 miles to San Antoniomarker, and 187 miles to Houstonmarker. The city is bisected by Interstate 35. It is also bisected by the Balcones Fault, a reportedly dead fault. To the east of the fault line lies the Blackland Prairiemarker region, a rich farming area. To the west of the fault line the terrain rises with shallower soils over low rolling limestone hills which are essentially the northeastern edge of the Texas Hill Country. The land to the west was originally well suited to ranching, but is currently under increasing development pressure as the Central Texas economy expands and is considered to be in transition from rural to more suburban land uses including residential developments, retail centers, and scientific/industrial complexes.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.4 square miles (169.5 km²), of which, 65.3 square miles (169.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.14%) is water.


Temple was founded by the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad in 1881. It was incorporated in 1882. The town was named after a Santa Fe Railroad official, B.M. Temple.

In 1882, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad built through the town and soon after, the Santa Fe railroad made Temple a division point. In its early years, Temple was a town of shacks and tents with a large number of saloons and tough characters found in the early west. Locally, it was nicknamed Tanglefoot, because some citizens found that the combination of muddy streets and liquor made walking through the town challenging. After the town was incorporated in 1882, two private schools were founded in the city: The Temple Academy was organized and public school was established in 1884. In 1893, the annual Temple Stag Party began, growing out of a private Thanksgiving celebration attended by the town's leading men. It was held until 1923.


As of the census of 2000, there were 54,514 people, 21,543 households, and 14,110 families residing in the city. The population density was 834.2 people per square mile (322.1/km²). There were 23,511 housing units at an average density of 359.8/sq mi (138.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.76% White, 17.82% Hispanic or Latino, 16.49% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 9.23% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races.

There were 21,543 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,135, and the median income for a family was $42,795. Males had a median income of $30,858 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,360. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.


The City of Temple is served by the Temple Independent School District, as well as Temple College which offers two-year Associate degrees in a variety of subjects, including popular programs in business administration, information technology and nursing.

Temple is also home to Texas A&M University's Medical School (the above mentioned Texas A&M Health Science Center). It operates in conjunction with the Scott & White Memorial Hospital and the Veteran's Hospital Center.

Adjacent Beltonmarker is home to the University of Mary Hardin-Baylormarker offering both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in various fields of study. Several other regional and national universities are close by: Baylor Universitymarker in Waco, The University of Texasmarker at Austin, Texas A&M Universitymarker in College Station, and Tarleton State University—Central Texas in Killeen.

The Temple Independent School District has an award-winning public high school with rich offerings including AP and IB courses and diverse extracurricular activities. In addition, Temple is also home to several private schools: Saint Mary's Catholic School (Pre K-8), Holy Trinity Catholic High School marker, and Central Texas Christian School (K-12).

Temple Wildcat football is in the top 3 winningest programs in Texas. Temple won state championships in 1979 and 1992. Temple has had numerous Division 1 athletes,and NFL players,Kenneth Davis, "Mean" Joe Greene and Sammy Baugh as well as much less known players.


Temple was founded as a railroad junction, and serves as a major freight railroad hub to this day. Both the Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway have mainlines serving the city, and a BNSF rail yard and locomotive maintenance facility are located here. Amtrak also serves the city with its Texas Eagle passenger train, which calls at Temple marker.

Temple does not have commercial airline service, but is served indirectly by these airports:


Temple is the hometown of Flyleaf, Spoon singer Britt Daniel, football legend Mean Joe Greene, football legend Sammy Baugh, actor Rip Torn, author Bryan Burrough, astronaut Dr. Bernard Harris, Houston Astros owner Drayton McLane, Jr., Astros player Lance Berkman and Houston Astros team chaplain Gene Pemberton, the only full-time chaplain in Major League Baseball,as well as the color commentator of the Temple Wildcats Football team Frank W. Mayborn (1903-1987), editor and publisher of the Temple Daily Telegram, was a tireless civic booster of Temple. The Mayborn Convention Center and Museum in south Bell County bears his name. Mayborn also founded KCEN-TVmarker, the NBC affiliate for Central Texas. Temple is mentioned in the novel and film No Country for Old Men. Darren Trumeter from the FUSE TV show 'The Whitest Kids U Know' was raised in Temple. Alternative band Flyleaf was formed in the Belton and Temple area.

External links

A water tower advertising the City of Temple's official website.

Local Newspaper, Television and Radio


  2. Britanica. 1984 Edition. Vol. IX, p. 879
  3. Booknotes

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