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Tenth grade is the tenth year of school post-kindergarten (or pre-school). Students are usually 15 to 16 years of age.


Tenth grade, for most Australian states is in the middle of a student's high school education. However, in the Northern Territorymarker, it is the first year of high school, after middle school. For more information on Australia's education system go to Education in Australia


The Seconde, like the American and Canadian Grade 10, is the sophomore year for French high school students, even if the 'sophomore' concept has little meaning in this educational system (no Frenchman would use it).


The tenth grade, known as Standard X (Std. X) is very important in India. After the completion of class 10, the student is required to sit for national board exams or state board exams wherein question papers are prepared and answer sheets are checked by a central institution to which the school is affiliated. The percentage scored in Class X decides what a student can opt for in Class XI(Science/ Commerce/ Arts). The Grade gains even more importance as in many parts of India the number of seats for Class XI is generally lower than the number of students who pass out Standard X. citation needed

Upon completion of class 12, students are then required to sit for the entrance examinations for their chosen course of study and university (see Twelfth Grade, India) or to the prestigious universities through the IIT-JEE ,AIEEE etc.

In a controversial move, the Union Government abolished the Std X examinations from 2011 onwards.


In Ireland, it is the 2nd year of Secondary School (for 13-15 year olds) which is year 10 of school.


In Israel, the tenth grade is the first year of the high school, which lasts three years. High school is called Tichon., expect some cities (such as Ramat Ganmarker and Giv'atayimmarker) where elementary school ends at 8th Grade and High School starts at 9th Grade.


In Mexico, the tenth grade is the beginning of the high school, which lasts only three years. Similar to Israel's education system. Tenth graders are normally aged 15-16.


In Spain, the tenth grade is the fourth year of ESO (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria - Obligatory Secondary Education), which is in force since the promulgation of LOGSE in the middle of 1990s. Fourth ESO is also the last year of Obligatory Education.

United Kingdom

In England and Wales, this is Year 11, which was the final year of compulsory education until new legislation in 2008 required students to stay on for year 13. In Northern Irelandmarker this is called Year 12. In Scotland, pupils may choose to leave at the age of fifteen years and six months, provided they have a place at college or other institute - although they will still be regarded as in full time education and will still do the same hours as other pupils. They may leave at this age if they have a secured apprenticeship. A general education certificate will be awarded if the pupils sit the end of year examinations - GCSEs for pupils in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, and Standard Grades in Scotland. In Year 11, students take their GCSEs in as many as fifteen subjects. With grades ranging from A* (generally 90%) to U (ungraded), these exams are vital for getting employment or college places. GCSEs are taken in May and June.

Pupils may go on to sit 'A' Levels or Highers in state schools, Scottish students then may wish to do advanced highers (which are the equivalent to the first year of university), or may choose to enter a Further Education course in state or private institutions.

North America

The tenth grade is the tenth school year after kindergarten and is called Grade 10 in some regions of the U.S., and in Canada. Grade 10 is a part of secondary school and in some parts of the USA it is the first year of high school. The English equivalent is Year 11. Usually, this is when children would leave compulsory education.

High school is often used instead of senior high school and distinguished from junior high school. Starting in ninth grade and ending in twelfth grade, grades are used in determining a student’s GPA (in the U.S.), and become part of a student’s official transcript. Therefore, students obtain much more control of their education and often may even choose their core classes.

In the U.S. curriculum for mathematics, tenth graders are usually taught Algebra II or Geometry. Occasionally, Precalculus or higher classes are offered for students who wish to take Advanced Placement math classes in later years of high school. In the U.S. curriculum for literature, students have already began to familiarize themselves with notable authors such as Shakespeare, while some Advanced Placement programs emphasize the work of authors Jerome D. Salinger for example, and his The Catcher in The Rye, putting a major emphasis on literary terms and getting to know themes such as alienation.

In the U.S. curriculum for social studies, tenth grade students are taught recent US History from the Colonization Era and to the Early 20th Century. In some districts, Advanced Placement coursework, such as geography, European history, or World Studies is first made available to students in this grade.

This grade is normally followed by eleventh grade, although some U.S. colleges will accept excelling students out of this grade as part of an early college entrance program.


In the U.S., tenth grade is also known as sophomore year. The word sophomore is ultimately from the Greek word "sophia", meaning wisdom or knowledge. It is listed as a North American English term by the Oxford English Dictionary [90045] and it means little to the majority of English speakers outside the U.S.A.


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