Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius, Fabaceae) is native to the southwestern United States and Mexico and has been
grown there by the native peoples since pre-Columbian times.
It is more
drought-resistant than the common bean
(Phaseolus vulgaris) and is grown in desert and
semi-desert conditions from Arizona through
Mexico to Costa
The water requirements are low and the crop
will grow in areas where annual rainfall is less than 400 mm (16
inches). It has recently been introduced to African agriculture
Other names for this bean include Pawi
, Yori mui
. The name tepary
from the Tohono O'odham
or "It's a bean".
Tepary beans are cooked like other dry beans after soaking. Some
Native Americans would toast the dry beans, then grind them into a
meal which was mixed with water before eating.
Recent studies from the United States and Mexico suggest that
toxins and other compounds from tepary
beans may be useful as chemotherapy for treating cancer. However,
further research is needed.
It is an ingredient in the Indian snacks 'bhujia
' and Punjabi Tadka by Haldiram