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Teplice ( ; until 1948 Teplitz-Schönau, , archaically Töplitz) is a city of the Czech Republicmarker, in the Ústí nad Labem Region.

Teplice is situated in the plain of the Bílinamarker river, which separates the Ore Mountainsmarker (Czech: Krušné Hory) from the Czech Central Mountainsmarker (Czech: České středohoří), and is a famous spa town.
The thermal springs are fabled to have been discovered as early as 762, but the first authentic mention of the baths occurs in the 16th century. The town is mentioned in the 12th century, when Judith, queen of Vladislav II of Bohemia, founded a convent for Benedictine nuns, which was destroyed in the Hussite Wars in 15th century. Teplice figures in the history of Wallenstein, and is also interesting as the spot where the monarchs of Austriamarker, Russiamarker and Prussiamarker first signed the triple alliance against Napoleon in 1813. Teplice was a German ethnic city before 1946 and the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia.

In 1994 Jaroslav Kubera of Civic Democratic Party(ODS) became mayor of Teplice and holds the position to this day. Many would argue that he brought the town back into a respectable position among Czech cities. Teplice has in the past been called Czech Republic's little Parismarker, although rising crime and unemployment rates in the region have damaged that reputation.

The local spas and professional football club are attracting tourists mainly from the middle east and other parts of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Teplice is the second largest spa town in the Czech Republic (after Karlovy Varymarker).

FK Teplice

Teplice is home to the professional football club playing in the Gambrinus Liga. Notable players of the club include international players Josef Masopust and Pavel Verbíř. The stadium, Na Stínadlechmarker, is one of the largest in the country and has hosted international matches.Composer, Ludwig van Beethoven began writing his Seventh Symphony while staying in Teplice.

Notable natives and residents



Climate

Memorial for fallen pilots of the 15th division of the US air force.

See also



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