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Teresa Berganza (born 16 March 1935) is a Spanishmarker mezzo-soprano. She is most closely associated with the roles of Rossini, Mozart, and Bizet. She is admired for her technical virtuosity, musical intelligence and beguiling stage presence.


Teresa Berganza during a master class in May 2009

María Teresa Berganza was born in Madridmarker. She studied piano and voice at the Madrid Conservatory, where she was awarded first prize for singing in 1954. She made her concert debut in Madrid in 1955.

Berganza made her operatic debut as Dorabella in Così fan tutte in 1957 at the Aix-en-Provencemarker Festival. That same year, she made her La Scalamarker debut and the following year her debut at Glyndebourne (1958). In 1959, Berganza first appeared at the Royal Opera Housemarker, Covent Gardenmarker as Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia, which became one of her signature roles. In 1967, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut as Cherubino in Le nozze di Figaro.

As a recitalist, Berganza made her Carnegie Hallmarker debut in 1964. Her concert repertoire includes Spanish, French, German, and Russian songs. From 1957 to 1977 Berganza was married to the composer and pianist Félix Lavilla, with whom she recorded and performed regularly and with whom she has three children, soprano Cecilia Lavilla Berganza among them.

Berganza shared the 1991 Prince of Asturias Award for arts and letters with six other Spanish singers.

In 1992, Berganza participated in the opening ceremonies of Expo '92 in Sevillemarker and the opening ceremonies of the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelonamarker. In 1994, she became the first woman elected to the Spanish Royal Academy of Arts. She currently teaches singing at the Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía, continues to perform music of Spanish composers and gives master classes all over the world. Among her students have been María Bayo and Jorge Chaminé.


Teresa Berganza has appeared in nine motion pictures. Besides highly distinguished filmings of Il barbiere di Siviglia (1972); the noted Joseph Losey Don Giovanni (as Zerlina; 1979); Werther and Carmen (both 1980), she has also been featured as a legitimate actress in Patiño's complex drama Octavia (2002); Paul McGuigan's popular The Reckoning (2003); Alex van Warmerdam's Grimm (2003); Albert Boadella's ¡Buen viaje, excelencia! (2003; playing Franco's granddaughter) and Cuéntame, aka Cuéntame cómo pasó (Spain), originally Por el humo se sabe dónde está el fuego (2006), a TV Episode with title taken from a famous tenor romanza from the zarzuela Doña Francisquita by Amadeo Vives.

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