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The migrations of the Teutons and the Cimbri.
The Teutons or Teutones (from Proto-Germanic *Þeudanōz) were mentioned as a Germanic tribe by Greekmarker and Roman authors, notably Strabo and Marcus Velleius Paterculus and normally in close connection with the Cimbri, whose ethnicity is contested between Gauls and Germani. According to Ptolemy's map, they lived in Jutland, in agreement with Pomponius Mela, who placed them in Scandinavia (Codanonia). Some scholars suggested that they have given their name to the region of Thymarker (Old Norse Thiuthæ sysæl) in northern Denmarkmarker.

Earlier than 100 BC, many of the Teutones, as well as the Cimbri, migrated south and west to the Danube valley, where they encountered the expanding Roman Republic. During the late second century BC, the Teutones and Cimbri are recorded as passing west through Gaul and attacking Roman Italymarker. After several victories for the invading armies, the Cimbri and Teutones divided forces and were then defeated separately by Gaius Marius in 102 BC, and 101 BC. The Teutones defeat was at the Battle of Aquae Sextiae (near present-day Aix-en-Provencemarker). Their King, Teutobod, was taken in irons.

The captured women committed mass suicide, which passed into Roman legends of Germanic heroism and was noted by Jerome:

The terms Teuton and Teutonic have sometimes been used in reference to all of the Germanic peoples.

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See also



Notes

  1. Northvegr - Saga Book Vol. 7 & 8


Source

  • Fick, August, Alf Torp and Hjalmar Falk: Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der Indogermanischen Sprachen. Part 3, Wortschatz der Germanischen Spracheinheit. 4. Aufl. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht), 1909.


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