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The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Texas Legislature. The House is composed of 150 members elected from single-member districts across the statemarker. The average district has about 150,000 people. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits. The House meets at the Texas Capitolmarker in Austinmarker.

Leadership of the House

Speaker pro Tempore, Craig Eiland
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and key leader of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, rule on procedural matters, the appointment chairships and members to committees, sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is a primarily a ceremonial position; by long-standing tradition, the Speaker pro tempore presides over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.

Unlike other state legislature, the House Rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders for parties represented in the House. However, each political party has a caucus that elects officers and participates in the lawmaking process. The leader of the Republican caucus is the Caucus Chairman, while the leader of the Democratic Caucus is the House Democratic Leader.

The current Speaker of the House is Joe Straus, a Republican from San Antoniomarker. The Speaker pro tempore is Craig Eiland, a Democrat from Galvestonmarker). The current Republican Caucus Chairman is Larry Taylor of Friendswood and the current House Democratic Leader is Jim Dunnam of Wacomarker.

Leaders

Position Name Party Residence District
Speaker of the House Joe Straus Republican San Antoniomarker 121
Speaker Pro Tempore Craig Eiland Democratic Galvestonmarker 23


Committee Structure

The following represents the House committee structure for the 81st Legislature.

  • Agriculture and Livestock
  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Business and Economic Development
    • Subcommittee on Criminal Justice
    • Subcommittee on Education
    • Subcommittee on General Government
    • Subcommittee on Health & Human Services
    • Subcommittee on Hurricane
    • Subcommittee on Stimulus
  • Border & Intergovernmental Affairs
  • Business & Industry
  • Calendars
  • Corrections
  • County Affairs
  • Criminal Jurisprudence
  • Culture, Recreation, & Tourism
  • Defense & Veterans' Affairs
  • Elections
  • Energy Resources
  • Environmental Regulation
  • Federal Economic Stabilization Funding (Select Committee)
  • General Investigating & Ethics
  • Higher Education
  • House Administration
  • Human Services
  • Insurance
  • Judiciary & Civil Jurisprudence
  • Land & Resource Management
  • Licensing & Administrative Procedures
  • Local & Consent Calendars
  • Natural Resources
  • Pensions, Investments, & Financial Resources
  • Public Education
  • Public Health
  • Public Safety
  • Redistricting
  • Rules & Resolutions
  • State Affairs
  • Technology, Economic Development, & Workforce
  • Transportation
  • Urban Affairs
  • Ways & Means


There are also statutory joint committees, composed of members of both the House and the Senate
  • Criminal Justice Legislative Oversight
  • Legislative Audit Board
  • Legislative Budget Board
  • Legislative Library Board
  • Sunset Advisory Commission
  • Texas Legislative Council


Current composition

The composition is as of November 6, 2009 when Representative Chuck Hopson (11th District) switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party.
Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of previous legislature 79 71 150 0
Begin 76 74 150 0
November 6, 2009 77 73
Latest voting share 51.3% 48.7%


List of members

Representative Party Home Town/City District ↑ County
 || Stephen Frost || D || New Bostonmarker || 1 || Bowiemarker, Cassmarker, Marionmarker, Morrismarker


 || Dan Flynn || R || Cantonmarker || 2 || Rainsmarker, Huntmarker, Van Zandtmarker


 || Mark Homer || D || Parismarker || 3 || Lamarmarker, Hopkinsmarker, Deltamarker, Franklinmarker, Titusmarker, Red Rivermarker


 || Betty Brown || R || Athensmarker || 4 || Hendersonmarker, Kaufmanmarker


 || Bryan Hughes || R || Marshallmarker || 5 || Campmarker, Upshurmarker, Woodmarker, Harrisonmarker


 || Leo Berman || R || Tylermarker || 6 || Smithmarker


 || Tommy Merritt || R || Longviewmarker || 7 || Smithmarker, Greggmarker


 || Byron Cook || R || Corsicanamarker || 8 || Andersonmarker, Freestonemarker, Limestonemarker, Navarromarker


 || Wayne Christian || R || Centermarker || 9 || Shelbymarker, Nacogdochesmarker, San Augustinemarker, Sabinemarker, Jaspermarker


 || Jim Pitts || R || Waxahachiemarker || 10 || Ellismarker, Hillmarker


 || Chuck Hopson || R || Jacksonvillemarker || 11 || Panolamarker, Ruskmarker, Cherokeemarker, Houstonmarker


 || Jim McReynolds || D || Lufkinmarker || 12 || Angelinamarker, San Jacintomarker, Trinitymarker, Tylermarker


 || Lois W. Kolkhorst || R || Brenhammarker || 13 || Austinmarker, Grimesmarker, Walkermarker, Washingtonmarker


 || Fred Brown || R || Bryanmarker || 14 || Brazosmarker


 || Rob Eissler || R || The Woodlandsmarker || 15 || Montgomerymarker


 || Brandon Creighton || R || Conroemarker || 16 || Montgomerymarker


 || Tim Kleinschmidt || R || Eagle Lakemarker || 17 || Bastropmarker, Brazosmarker, Burlesonmarker, Coloradomarker, Fayettemarker, Leemarker


 || John Otto || R || Daytonmarker || 18 || Montgomerymarker, Libertymarker, Polkmarker


 || Mike "Tuffy" Hamilton || R || Mauricevillemarker || 19 || Hardinmarker, Newtonmarker, Orangemarker


 || Dan Gattis || R || Georgetownmarker || 20 || Milammarker, Williamson


 || Allan Ritter || D || Nederlandmarker || 21 || Jeffersonmarker


 || Joe D. Deshotel || D || Port Arthurmarker || 22 || Jeffersonmarker, Orangemarker


 || Craig Eiland || D || Galvestonmarker || 23 || Chambersmarker, Galvestonmarker


 || Larry Taylor || R || League Citymarker || 24 || Galvestonmarker


 || Dennis Bonnen || R || Angletonmarker || 25 || Brazoriamarker


 || Charlie F. Howard || R || Sugar Landmarker || 26 || Fort Bendmarker


 || Dora Olivo || D || Missouri Citymarker || 27 || Fort Bendmarker


 || John Zerwas || R || Katymarker || 28 || Whartonmarker, Fort Bendmarker, Wallermarker


 || Randy Weber || R || Pearlandmarker || 29 || Brazoriamarker, Matagordamarker


 || Geanie Morrison || R || Victoriamarker || 30 || Refugiomarker, Victoriamarker, Jacksonmarker, DeWittmarker, Lavacamarker


 || Ryan Guillen || D || Rio Grandemarker || 31 || Duvalmarker, Starrmarker, Webbmarker, Zapatamarker


 || Todd Hunter || R || Portlandmarker || 32 || Calhounmarker, Aransasmarker, San Patriciomarker, Nuecesmarker


 || Solomon Ortiz, Jr. || D || Corpus Christimarker || 33 || Nuecesmarker


 || Abel Herrero || D || Corpus Christimarker || 34 || Nuecesmarker


 || Yvonne Gonzalez Toureilles || D || Beevillemarker || 35 || Atascosamarker, Karnesmarker, McMullenmarker, Live Oakmarker, Beemarker, Jim Wellsmarker, Goliadmarker


 || Ismael "Kino" Flores || D || Missionmarker || 36 || Hidalgomarker


 || Rene O. Oliveira || D || Brownsvillemarker || 37 || Cameronmarker


 || Eddie Lucio III || D || San Benitomarker || 38 || Cameronmarker


 || Armando Martinez || D || Weslacomarker || 39 || Hidalgomarker


 || Aaron Peña || D || Edinburgmarker || 40 || Hidalgomarker


 || Veronica Gonzalez || D || McAllenmarker || 41 || Hidalgomarker


 || Richard Peña Raymond || D || Laredomarker || 42 || Webbmarker


 || Tara Rios Ybarra || D || Kingsvillemarker || 43 || Jim Hoggmarker, Brooksmarker, Kenedymarker, Willacymarker, Cameronmarker


 || Edmund Kuempel || R || Seguinmarker || 44 || Wilsonmarker, Guadalupemarker, Gonzalesmarker


 || Patrick Rose || D || Austinmarker || 45 || Blancomarker, Haysmarker, Caldwellmarker


 || Dawnna Dukes || D || Austinmarker || 46 || Travismarker


 || Valinda Bolton || D || Austinmarker || 47 || Travismarker


 || Donna Howard || D || Austinmarker || 48 || Travismarker


 || Elliott Naishtat || D || Austinmarker || 49 || Travismarker


 || Mark Strama || D || Austinmarker || 50 || Travismarker


 || Eddie Rodriguez || D || Austinmarker || 51 || Travismarker


 || Diana Moldanado || D || Round Rockmarker || 52 || Williamson


 || Harvey Hilderbran || R || Kerrvillemarker || 53 || Crockettmarker, Suttonmarker, Schleichermarker, Realmarker, Kerrmarker, Kimblemarker, Menardmarker, Masonmarker, Llanomarker, San Sabamarker, McCullochmarker, Conchomarker, Colemanmarker, Runnelsmarker, Callahanmarker


 || Jimmie Don Aycock || R || Lampasasmarker || 54 || Lampasasmarker, Burnetmarker, Bellmarker


 || Ralph Sheffield || R || Templemarker || 55 || Bellmarker


 || Charles "Doc" Anderson || R || Wacomarker || 56 || McLennanmarker


 || Jim Dunnam || D || Wacomarker || 57 || McLennanmarker, Fallsmarker, Leonmarker, Madisonmarker, Robertsonmarker


 || Rob Orr || R || Burlesonmarker || 58 || Bosquemarker, Johnsonmarker


 || Sid Miller || R || Stephenvillemarker || 59 || Erathmarker, Comanchemarker, Millsmarker, Hamiltonmarker, Coryellmarker, Somervellmarker


 || Jim Keffer || R || Eastlandmarker || 60 || Brownmarker, Eastlandmarker, Shackelfordmarker, Stephensmarker, Palo Pintomarker, Hoodmarker


 || Phil King || R || Weatherfordmarker || 61 || Parkermarker, Wisemarker


 || Larry Phillips || R || Shermanmarker || 62 || Fanninmarker, Graysonmarker


 || Tan Parker || R || Flower Moundmarker || 63 || Dentonmarker


 || Myra Crownover || R || Lake Dallasmarker || 64 || Dentonmarker


 || Burt R. Solomons || R || Carrolltonmarker || 65 || Dentonmarker


 || Brian McCall || R || Planomarker || 66 || Collinmarker


 || Jerry Madden || R || Planomarker || 67 || Collinmarker


 || Rick Hardcastle || R || Vernonmarker || 68 || Motleymarker, Dickensmarker, Cottlemarker, Kingmarker, Hardemanmarker, Foardmarker, Knoxmarker, Haskellmarker, Wilbargermarker, Baylormarker, Throckmortonmarker, Youngmarker, Jackmarker, Claymarker, Montaguemarker, Cookemarker


 || David Farabee || D || Wichita Fallsmarker || 69 || Wichitamarker, Archermarker


 || Ken Paxton || R || McKinneymarker || 70 || Collinmarker


 || Susan King || R || Abilenemarker || 71 || Nolanmarker, Taylormarker


 || Drew Darby || R || San Angelomarker || 72 || Cokemarker, Mitchellmarker, Scurrymarker, Tom Greenmarker


 || Doug Miller || R || New Braunfelsmarker || 73 || Gillespiemarker, Kendallmarker, Comalmarker, Banderamarker


 || Pete Gallego || D || Alpinemarker || 74 || Uvaldemarker, Edwardsmarker, Val Verdemarker, Terrellmarker, Pecosmarker, Brewstermarker, Presidiomarker, Jeff Davismarker, Wardmarker, Reevesmarker, Lovingmarker, Culbersonmarker, Hudspethmarker


 || Chente Quintanilla || D || El Pasomarker || 75 || El Pasomarker


 || Norma Chavez || D || El Pasomarker || 76 || El Pasomarker


 || Marisa Marquez || D || El Pasomarker || 77 || El Pasomarker


 || Joseph E. Moody || D || El Pasomarker || 78 || El Pasomarker


 || Joe Pickett || D || El Pasomarker || 79 || El Pasomarker


 || Tracy O. King || D || Eagle Passmarker || 80 || Kinneymarker, Maverickmarker, Zavalamarker, Dimmitmarker, La Sallemarker, Friomarker, Medinamarker


 || Tryon D. Lewis || R ||Odessamarker  || 81 || Andrewsmarker, Winklermarker, Ectormarker


 || Tom Craddick || R || Midlandmarker || 82 || Cranemarker, Uptonmarker, Midlandmarker, Martinmarker, Dawsonmarker


 || Delwin Jones || R || Lubbockmarker || 83 || Lubbockmarker, Hockleymarker, Cochranmarker, Yoakummarker, Gainesmarker


 || Carl H. Isett || R || Lubbockmarker || 84 || Lubbockmarker


 || Joe Heflin || D || Crosbytonmarker || 85 || Reaganmarker, Irionmarker, Sterlingmarker, Glasscockmarker, Howardmarker, Bordenmarker, Terrymarker, Lynnmarker, Garzamarker, Crosbymarker, Kentmarker, Stonewallmarker, Fishermarker, Jonesmarker, Halemarker, Floydmarker


 || John T. Smithee || R || Amarillomarker || 86 || Dallammarker, Hartleymarker, Oldhammarker, Deaf Smithmarker, Randallmarker


 || David Swinford || R || Amarillomarker || 87 || Shermanmarker, Mooremarker, Carsonmarker, Pottermarker


 || Warren Chisum || R || Pampamarker || 88 || Parmermarker, Baileymarker, Lambmarker, Castromarker, Swishermarker, Armstrongmarker, Briscoemarker, Hallmarker, Donleymarker, Collingsworthmarker, Childressmarker, Graymarker, Wheelermarker, Hutchisonmarker, Robertsmarker, Hemphillmarker, Lipscombmarker, Ochiltreemarker, Hansfordmarker


 || Jodie Anne Laubenberg || R || Rockwallmarker || 89 || Rockwallmarker, Collinmarker


 || Lon Burnam || D || Fort Worthmarker || 90 || Tarrantmarker


 || Kelly Hancock || R || Fort Worthmarker || 91 || Tarrantmarker


 || Todd Smith || R || Bedfordmarker || 92 || Tarrantmarker


 || Paula Pierson || D || Arlingtonmarker || 93 || Tarrantmarker


 || Diane Patrick || R || Arlingtonmarker || 94 || Tarrantmarker


 || Marc Veasey || D || Fort Worthmarker || 95 || Tarrantmarker


 || Chris Turner || D || Arlingtonmarker || 96 || Tarrantmarker


 || Mark Shelton || R || Fort Worthmarker || 97 || Tarrantmarker


 || Vicki Truitt || R || Southlakemarker || 98 || Tarrantmarker


 || Charlie Geren || R || River Oaksmarker || 99 || Tarrantmarker


 || Terri Hodge || D || Dallasmarker || 100 || Dallasmarker


 || Robert Miklos || D || Mesquitemarker || 101 || Dallasmarker


 || Carol Kent || D || Dallasmarker || 102 || Dallasmarker


 || Rafael Anchia || D || Dallasmarker || 103 || Dallasmarker


 || Roberto R. Alonzo || D || Dallasmarker || 104 || Dallasmarker


 || Linda Harper-Brown || R || Irvingmarker || 105 || Dallasmarker


 || Kirk England || D || Grand Prairiemarker || 106 || Dallasmarker


 || Allen Vaught || D || Dallasmarker || 107 || Dallasmarker


 || Dan Branch || R || Dallasmarker || 108 || Dallasmarker


 || Helen Giddings || D || De Sotomarker || 109 || Dallasmarker


 || Barbara Mallory Caraway || D || Dallasmarker || 110 || Dallasmarker


 || Yvonne Davis || D || Dallasmarker || 111 || Dallasmarker


 || Angie Chen Button || R || Richardsonmarker || 112 || Dallasmarker


 || Joe Driver || R || Garlandmarker || 113 || Dallasmarker


 || Will Hartnett || R || Dallasmarker || 114 || Dallasmarker


 || Jim Jackson || R || Carrolltonmarker || 115 || Dallasmarker


 || Trey Martinez Fischer|| D || San Antoniomarker || 116 || Bexarmarker


 || David McQuade Leibowitz || D || San Antoniomarker || 117 || Bexarmarker


 || Joe Farias|| D || San Antoniomarker || 118 || Bexarmarker


 || Roland Gutierrez || D || San Antoniomarker || 119 || Bexarmarker


 || Ruth McClendon || D || San Antoniomarker || 120 || Bexarmarker


 || Joe Straus|| R || San Antoniomarker || 121 || Bexarmarker


 || Frank Corte, Jr. || R || San Antoniomarker || 122 || Bexarmarker


 || Mike Villarreal || D || San Antoniomarker || 123 || Bexarmarker


 || Jose Menendez || D || San Antoniomarker || 124 || Bexarmarker


 || Joaquin Castro || D || San Antoniomarker || 125 || Bexarmarker


 || Patricia Harless || R || Springmarker || 126 || Harrismarker


 || Joe Crabb || R || Kingwood || 127 || Harrismarker


 || Wayne Smith || R || Baytownmarker || 128 || Harrismarker


 || John E. Davis || R || Houstonmarker || 129 || Harrismarker


 || Allen Fletcher || R || Houstonmarker || 130 || Harrismarker


 || Alma Allen || D || Houstonmarker || 131 || Harrismarker


 || William "Bill" Callegari || R || Houstonmarker || 132 || Harrismarker


 || Kristi Thibaut || D || Houstonmarker || 133 || Harrismarker


 || Ellen Cohen || D || Houstonmarker || 134 || Harrismarker


 || Gary Elkins || R || Houstonmarker || 135 || Harrismarker


 || Beverly Woolley || R || Houstonmarker || 136 || Harrismarker


 || Scott Hochberg || D || Houstonmarker || 137 || Harrismarker


 || Dwayne Bohac || R || Houstonmarker || 138 || Harrismarker


 || Sylvester Turner || D || Houstonmarker || 139 || Harrismarker


 || Armando Walle || D || Houstonmarker || 140 || Harrismarker


 || Senfronia Thompson || D || Houstonmarker || 141 || Harrismarker


 || Harold V. Dutton, Jr. || D || Houstonmarker || 142 || Harrismarker


 || Ana Hernandez || D || Houstonmarker || 143 || Harrismarker


 || Ken Legler || R || Pasadenamarker || 144 || Harrismarker


 || Carol Alvarado || D || Houstonmarker || 145 || Harrismarker


 || Al Edwards || D || Houstonmarker || 146 || Harrismarker


 || Garnet Coleman || D || Houstonmarker || 147 || Harrismarker


 || Jessica Cristina Farrar || D || Houstonmarker || 148 || Harrismarker


 || Hubert Vo || D || Houstonmarker || 149 || Harrismarker


 || Debbie Riddle || R || Houstonmarker || 150 || Harrismarker


Notable past members

The House chamber


Recent controversies

House voting controversy

On May 14, 2007, CBS Austinmarker affiliate KEYEmarker reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions. The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.

Craddick removal controversy

Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion. The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.

The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill. While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the Legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011, Rep. Byron Cook, R-Corsicana, says the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control in the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence," Cook said."

In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.

See also

  • Killer Ds a group of Texas House Democrats who left the state of Texas in 2003 to prevent House consideration of the redistricting legislation that would have benefited Texas Republicans.


References

  1. Democrat Chuck Hobson (D-11) switched parties and joined the Republicans
  2. CBS Channel 42 KeyeTV Investigates: One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask"; see also Wilson, Nanci, One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "www.keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html"

External links




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