The American Magazine
was a periodical publication
, stemming from failed
publications purchased a few years earlier from publishing mogul
. It operated between
1904 and August 1905 as Leslie's
; then until May 1906 as the
American Illustrated Magazine
subsequently as The American Magazine
ceased in 1956.
In June 1906, muckraking journalists Ray
and Ida M. Tarbell
to help create American
. Baker contributed articles using the pseudonym
. Under John S. Phillips,
who served as editor until 1915, the monthly magazine departed
somewhat from the muckraking style and focused on human interest
stories, social issues and fiction. Initially published by his Phillips
Publishing Company of Springfield, Ohio, it later
was taken over by Crowell Publishing Company, which merged with
Collier's. The American
was published by Crowell-Collier
until it folded in
With the changes in 1915, the periodical's editor was John M.
Siddall (1915-23), and it expanded its market considerably by
concentrating on female readership. The cover of the September 1917
issue announced: "This Magazine's Circulation Has Doubled in 20
Months." The September 1922 cover stated circulation had reached
Merle Crowell served as editor of American Magazine
1923 until 1929 when Sumner Blossom
took over. Blossom, who had been editor of Popular Science
, was there for the last
27 years of the magazine's existence. Fictional serial
were a popular feature, and the magazine published
several winners of the O. Henry Awards
. High-profile writers
contributed articles on a variety of topics.
During his editorship, Blossom adopted the unusual policy of hiding
the author's name on all works of fiction during the selection
process as a way to encourage new fiction writers. The magazine's
staff learned the author's identity only once they accepted or
rejected a manuscript.
The American Magazine'
s last issue was displayed on
newsstands in August 1956.
- Ellis Butler Parker
- The FictionMags Index