year-end 2008, The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reported 755,747 members in
1,356 Stakes and Wards, 17 missions, and 7 temples and 198 Family History Centers
The Los Angeles California LDS
The Brooklyn Saints
A Mormon immigrant company, under direction of Samuel Brannon
, departed on the ship Brooklyn
York on February 4, 1846 en route to the Great Salt Lake Valley
under the direction of Brannan navigated around Cape Horn and arrived at Yerba Buena on July 31, 1846.
The company of around 230
people were the first known Latter-day Saints to set foot in
California. Their numbers nearly tripled the population of the
small town of Yerba Buena. They soon helped build it into the prosperous
city of San
While there, Brannan and other Saints began publication of one of
California’s first English-language newspapers, the California Star
October 1846. One of the Brooklyn saints, Angeline
Lovett, set up a school in the old Franciscan Dolores Mission, the first English-language school in
early autumn of 1846, Brannan led 20 men to the San Joaquin
Valley where they founded a Mormon farming village named
New Hope Colony.
It soon failed as heavy seasonal storms
flooded the valley, destroying their crops. Most of the
Brooklyn saints left California for Salt Lake City in 1848.
The Mormon Battalion & California Gold Rush
1847, the Mormon Battalion arrived
Diego, having constructed the first wagon road across the
southwest into Southern California.
Fort Moore Pioneer Memorial, Los
Battalion Members helped
construct a number of building and public works in San Diego.
traveled to Los
Angeles where they built a fort and raised the American
flag. Six discharged battalion members were at
Mill in northern California when gold was discovered
there on January 24, 1848.
Heading for their families in
Utah, they carved the first wagon road over the Sierra Nevadas that
would be used by thousands of westward bound travelers including
the gold rush
.” Sometimes called the
"49er's Highway," it is officially called the Mormon Emigrant - Kit
In February 1856, George Q.
began publication in San
Francisco of the Western Standard
, a weekly periodical
supportive of the Church.
[[File:SanBernardino-Mormonrelic-1865.jpg|thumb|250px|right|April 1865 sketch of the ruins of the
Mormon Elders residence in San Bernardino, California.]]
San Bernardino LDS colony
The first colonization from Utah to California came in 1851 when a
company of about 450 saints under direction of Elders Amasa M. Lyman
and Charles C. Rich of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles settled
at what is now San Bernardino.
The colony was the final settlement in a
string of Mormon communities extending from Salt Lake City in an
area known as Deseret
. The community
thrived, and on July 6, 1851, the San Bernardino Stake
, California’s first, was organized.
The colony was dissolved by the Church at the advance of Johnston’s Army
toward Salt Lake City in 1857.
Brigham Young instructed the settlers to return to Utah to
colonize. About 1,400 (fewer than half) returned to Utah at the
request of the church. The San Bernardino Stake was dissolved in
1857 as well as the ecclesiastical units within the stake.
Significant Church growth and History 1895-1990
The Los Angeles Branch
created on March 21, 1895. In 1896, the Northern California and
Southern California conferences were organized. The Sacramento Conference was added in 1898.
missionary work around the turn of the century took place in larger
On January 21, 1923, the Los Angeles Stake became the first stake
to be created in the state since the San Bernardino Stake had been
dissolved. The Los Angeles Stake was divided on May 22,
1927 to form the Los Angeles and Hollywood Stakes.
On July 10, 1927, the San Francisco
Stake was established.
On February 18, 1939, 1,400 people visited the Church’s exhibit at
the opening day of the Golden Gate International
in San Francisco. This exhibit was a visitor’s center
portraying a reduced-size Salt Lake Tabernacle.
Eight more stakes were created in the 1930’s five in the 1940’s and
30 in the 1950’s. The completion of the Los Angeles
Temples soon followed.
President Spencer W. Kimball spoke to members in the Los
Angeles area in the Rose Bowl.
An estimated 75,000 attended that
Recent History 1990-present
At the beginning of the year 2000, California had 17 missions
, more than any other state in
the United States. In the state’s major cities, many minority
converts have been taught and baptized in their own language. With
a significant immigration to California from Latin America, five
Spanish-speaking stakes have been organized. Various Asian and
Polynesian wards function as well, and a Tonga stake was created in
San Francisco in 1992. There are currently more than 200 ethnic
wards and branches in California.
President Gordon B. Hinckley
attended the rededication of the
historic Hollywood (now Los Angeles California) Stake Center on
June 8, 2003.
1996, the sesquicentennial of the arrival of the ship
Brooklyn was celebrated through reenactment of the event
on a replica ship that sailed into the San Francisco Bay. Members throughout the state commemorated
the anniversary with observances that included an exhibit at the
San Francisco Maritime Museum, performances of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir at the
Symphony Hall, dedications of plaques honoring the early
settlers, and pioneer activities and parades.
In addition to commemorating the arrival of early LDS settlers, as
well as contributions to the development of the state, members
throughout California donated many hours of service in community
projects sponsored by wards and stakes, including gathering
supplies and food for the needy; cleaning parks, beaches and
roadways; painting and repairing homeless shelters, and cleaning up
On January 18, 1997, 2,400 members re-enacted the arrival of the
Mormon Battalion in California 150 years earlier. Other Mormon
Battalion celebrations along the coast followed on respective
anniversaries. On March 6, 1997, President Gordon B. Hinckley spoke
to a record audience of the Los Angeles World Affairs
, and on March 19, he addressed the World Forum of
Silicon Valley. He also spoke at various Church events during the
Church-produced video depicting the discovery of gold at Sutter’s
Mill was donated to the state of California to be shown
continuously at Marshall Gold Discovery State
Park in Coloma.
Membership growth has slowed in California since 1991 due to
significant out-migration of members.
Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Aid
In times of disasters, such as earthquakes, fires, and floods,
members in California has donated countless hours of service,
helping communities to recover.
In 1997, members in San Diego donated some 40-50 tons of food to
eight community agencies for the homeless and needy.
2003, hundreds of Los Angeles-area Muslims and members of the
California Stake joined in preparing emergency supplies for
With conflicts of the war with Iraq
completed, a humanitarian aid day was set for May 10 2003, where
hygiene kits for some 10,000 families were completed and added to a
$650,000 shipment of medical supplies and blankets donated by the
Members in the state have also taken leadership roles in moral
issues such as combating pornography and have cooperated with other
congregations of various interfaith endeavors. Members have been
active in other moral issues including abortion, gaming, drug and
alcohol abuse, and marriage.
The California Mission
was opened on
July 31, 1846 with Samuel Brannan
. It was discontinued
in 1858 due to the Utah War, but later
reopened in 1892 with Luther Dalton who began missionary labors in
Francisco and Oakland.
In 1894, Karl
relocated to California
to direct the Utah exhibit on the California's mid-winter fair and
to serve as president of the California Mission.
|California Anaheim Mission*
||July 10, 1966
|California Arcadia Mission*
||July 7, 1969
|California Carlsbad Mission
||July 1, 1993
|California Fresno Mission
||July 1, 1975
|California Long Beach Mission
||July 1, 1998
|California Los Angeles Mission*
||August 23, 1892
|California Oakland Mission*
||July 1, 1969
|California Riverside Mission
||July 1, 1990
|California Roseville Mission
||July 1, 1993
|California Sacramento Mission*
||January 2, 1942
|California San Bernardino Mission
||July 1, 1980
|California San Diego Mission
||August 1, 1974
|California San Fernando Mission
||July 1, 1994
|California San Francisco Mission
||July 1, 1997
|California San Jose Mission
||July 1, 1978
|California Santa Rosa Mission
||July 1, 1985
|California Ventura Mission
||July 1, 1978
- California Anaheim Mission - The California South Mission was
renamed the California Anaheim Mission on June 20, 1974.
- California Arcadia Mission - On June 20, 1974, the California
East Mission was renamed California Arcadia Mission.
- California Los Angeles Mission - The California Mission was
renaimed the California Los Angeles Mission on June 20, 1974.
- California Oakland Mission - On June 20, 1974, the California
Central Mission was renamed California Oakland Mission.
- California Sacramento Mission - On January 2, 1942, the
Northern California Mission was organized. It was renaimed to the
California North mission on July 15, 1966, and ultimately renamed
the California Sacramento Mission on June 20, 1974.
California currently has 7 temples in operation.
The LDS Church had a significant roll in establishing and settling
several communities within the "Mormon
", including the following located in California:
- LDS Newsroom (Statistical Information)
- "Pioneer Settlements in California"
- “Every Book . . . Has Been Read Through”. The Brooklyn
Saints and Harper’s Family Library. Lorin K. Hansen.
- The Discovery of Gold in California, John Sutter, Hutchings’ California
Magazine, November 1857: The Mormons did not like to leave
my mill unfinished, but they got the gold fever like everybody else. After they
had made their piles they left for the Great Salt Lake. So
long as these people have been employed by me they hav[sic] behaved
very well, and were industrious and faithful laborers, and when
settling their accounts there was not one of them who was not
contented and satisfied.
- " History of the California Los Angeles
- " The Church in California". Sac LDS. November 3,
- Deseret Morning News 2008 Church Almanac. p 196
- “ Record Number at Southern California Area
Conference,” Ensign, Aug. 1980, 72–74
- LDS Meetinghouse
Locator - displays location of wards of with various
- Unique building restored,
rededicatedPresident Hinckley invokes blessing at Los
Angeles California Stake Center. LDS Church News. By Lincoln
Hubbard. Saturday, June 14, 2003
- Exhibit honors LDS settlers in California. LDS
Church News. Saturday, July 6, 1996
- [ Opening the 'Golden Gate' with music: Tabernacle Choir
performs in honor of pioneer voyage]. LDS Church News. Saturday,
Aug. 3, 1996
- 1846 seafaring pioneers honored in activities in
rustic mission setting. LDS Church News. Saturday, Aug. 3,
- Church keeps faith with pioneers.LDS Church
News. Saturday, March 15, 1997
- Global reach of Latter-day Saints'. LDS Church
News, Saturday, March 29, 1997
- "Hygiene kits to help 10,000 Iraqi families".
Will supplement LDS shipment of medical supplies, blankets. By
Sonja Eddings Brown. LDS Church News. Saturday, May 17, 2003
- Public Issues. LDS Newsroom. LDS stance on
public and moral issues