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The Counterfeiters ( ) is a 2007 Austrianmarker-Germanmarker film written and directed by Stefan Ruzowitzky. It fictionalizes Operation Bernhard, a secret plan by the Nazis during the Second World War to destabilize the United Kingdommarker by flooding its economy with forged Bank of Englandmarker currency. The film centers on a Jewish counterfeiter, Salomon 'Sally' Sorowitsch, who is coerced into assisting the Nazi operation at the Sachsenhausen concentration campmarker. The film is based on a memoir written by Adolf Burger, a Jewish Slovakmarker typographer who was imprisoned in 1942 for forging baptismal certificates to save Jews from deportation, and later interned at Sachsenhausen to work on Operation Bernhard. Ruzowitsky consulted closely with Burger through almost every stage of the writing and production. The film won the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar at the 80th Academy Awards in 2008.


The film begins shortly after the end of the Second World War, with a German man arriving in Monte Carlomarker. After checking into an expensive hotel and paying with cash, he takes in the high life of Monte Carlo, successfully gambling in a casino, and attracting the attention of a beautiful French woman. Later, she discovers tattooed numerals on his arm, revealing him as a survivor of the Nazi concentration camps.

The film then shifts to Berlinmarker in 1936, where the man, Salomon Sorowitsch, is revealed as a successful forger of currency and passports. Caught by the police, he is imprisoned, first in a hard labour camp, then in Mauthausenmarker concentration camp near Linzmarker. In an effort to secure himself protection and meagre comforts at the camp, he turns his forging skills to portraiture, attracting the attention of the guards, who commission him to paint them and their families.

Sorowitsch's talents bring him to wider attention, and he is transferred out of the concentration camp. Brought in front of the police officer who arrested him in Berlin, he finds himself put together with other prisoners with artistic or printing talents, and begins working in a special section of the Sachsenhausen concentration campmarker devoted to forgery. The counterfeiters are kept in relatively humane conditions, with comfortable bunks, a washroom, and adequate food, although they are subjected to brutality and insults at the hands of the prison guards. His fellow prisoners have a range of backgrounds from Jewish bank managers to political agitators, and while some are content to work for the Nazis to avoid the extermination camps, others see their efforts as supporting the German war effort.

At first, self-preservation appears to guide Sorowitsch, but his motives for forging for the Nazis are complicated by his growing concern for his fellow prisoners, his awareness of their role in the wider war against the Nazis, and his professional pride in counterfeiting the United States dollar, a currency he was previously unable to forge.

Sorowitsch juggles the demands for progress of the Nazi authorities, his co-counterfeiters' determination to sabotage the operation, and his loyalties to his fellow prisoners. The prisoners successfully counterfeit the British pound but intentionally delay the forgery of the US dollar. In the background, slivers of evidence that the war has turned decidedly against the Nazis gradually arrive. One day the camp guards suddenly announce that the printing machines are to be dismantled and shipped away, which leads the counterfeiters to fear that they will finally be killed. However, before anything happens to them, the German guards flee the camp in advance of the Red Army. Starving prisoners from other parts of the camp, armed with confiscated weapons, take over and break into the compound where the counterfeiters had been held in relative luxury. Until the insurrectionists see the well-fed printers' prison tattoos, they believe them to be SS officers and threaten them. The counterfeiters then must account for their actions to the half-dead prisoners.

The film then returns to Monte Carlo where Sorowitsch, apparently disgusted by the life he is now leading on the currency that he forged for the Nazis, intentionally gambles it all away. Sitting alone afterward on the beach, he is joined by the French woman, concerned after his seemingly disastrous losses at the table. Dancing slowly together on the beach, she comforts him regarding all the money he has lost, to which he replies, laughing, that he can always make more.


  • Karl Markovics as "Sorowitsch" (Salomon Smolianoff)
  • August Diehl as "Burger" (Adolf Burger)
  • Devid Striesow as "Sturmbannführer Herzog" (Bernhard Krüger)
  • Veit Stübner as "Atze"
  • Sebastian Urzendowsky as "Kolya"
  • August Zirner as "Dr Klinger"
  • Martin Brambach as "Hauptscharführer Holst"
  • Andreas Schmidt as "Zilinski"
  • Tilo Prückner as "Hahn"
  • Lenn Kudrjawizki as "Loszek"

Home video release

The Counterfeiters was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on 5 August 2008. The extras on the disc include deleted scenes, a short behind-the-scenes documentary, and interviews with Burger, Ruzowitsky and the lead actor, Markovics.


Except for the score music by Marius Ruhland, the soundtrack consists of classical tangos recorded decades ago by Argentine harmonica player Hugo Díaz, and opera recordings from the 1930s and 1940s.

Critical reception

The film appeared on some critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2008. Josh Rosenblatt of The Austin Chronicle named it the 4th best film of 2008, and Ella Taylor of LA Weekly named it the 8th best film of 2008.

Awards and nominations

  • German Film Awards, 2007
    • Won Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: Devid Striesow
    • Nominated for Best Cinematography: Benedict Neuenfels
    • Nominated for Best Costume Design: Nicole Fischnaller
    • Nominated for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role: Karl Markovics
    • Nominated for Best Production Design: Isidor Wimmer
    • Nominated for Best Screenplay: Stefan Ruzowitzky
    • Nominated for Outstanding Feature Film: Nina Bohlmann, Babette Schröder, Josef Aichholzer


  1. The Counterfeiters Tell Their Tale
  2. Adacemy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Awards Database 2007 (80th)

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