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The Double is a term in association football which refers to winning a country's top tier division and its primary cup competition in the same season. It can also mean beating a team both home and away in the same league season, a feat often noted as doing the double over a particular side.

List of Doubles in Europe

The list includes clubs from England, Spain, Italy, Germany and France. These are the top five in UEFA coefficient as of 27 May 2009

Country Football Club Year League Cup Notes
Preston North End 1889 Football League FA Cup
Aston Villa 1897 Football League FA Cup
Tottenham Hotspur 1961 Football League FA Cup
Arsenal (1) 1971 Football League FA Cup
Liverpool 1986 Football League FA Cup
Manchester United (1) 1994 Premier League FA Cup
Manchester United (2) 1996 Premier League FA Cup
Arsenal (2) 1998 Premier League FA Cup
Manchester United (3) 1999 Premier League FA Cup
Arsenal (3) 2002 Premier League FA Cup
Athletic Bilbao (1) 1930 Primera División Copa del Rey
Athletic Bilbao (2) 1931 Primera División Copa del Rey
Athletic Bilbao (3) 1943 Primera División Copa del Rey
Barcelona (1) 1952 Primera División Copa del Rey
Barcelona (2) 1953 Primera División Copa del Rey
Athletic Bilbao (4) 1956 Primera División Copa del Rey
Barcelona (3) 1959 Primera División Copa del Rey
Real Madrid (1) 1962 Primera División Copa del Rey
Real Madrid (2) 1975 Primera División Copa del Rey
Real Madrid (3) 1980 Primera División Copa del Rey
Athletic Bilbao (5) 1984 Primera División Copa del Rey
Real Madrid (4) 1989 Primera División Copa del Rey
Atlético Madrid 1996 Primera División Copa del Rey
Barcelona (4) 1998 Primera División Copa del Rey
Barcelona (5) 2009 Primera División Copa del Rey
Torino 1943 Serie A Coppa Italia
Juventus (1) 1960 Serie A Coppa Italia
Napoli 1987 Serie A Coppa Italia
Juventus (2) 1995 Serie A Coppa Italia
Lazio 2000 Serie A Coppa Italia
Internazionale 2006 Serie A Coppa Italia
Schalke 04 1937 Championship Tschammerpokal
Bayern Munich (1) 1969 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
FC Cologne 1978 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (2) 1986 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (3) 2000 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (4) 2003 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Werder Bremen 2004 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (5) 2005 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (6) 2006 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Bayern Munich (7) 2008 Bundesliga DFB-Pokal
Sète 1934 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
RCF Paris 1936 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Lille 1946 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Nice 1952 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Stade de Reims 1958 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Monaco 1963 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Saint-Étienne (1) 1968 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Saint-Étienne (2) 1970 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Marseille (1) 1972 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Saint-Étienne (3) 1974 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Saint-Étienne (4) 1975 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Bordeaux 1987 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Marseille (2) 1989 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Auxerre 1996 Ligue 1 Coupe de France
Lyon 2008 Ligue 1 Coupe de France


History of The Double

Croatia

Two teams have won the Croatian Double (The Prva HNL and the Croatian Cup):

Denmark

Only four teams have won the Danish Double (The Danish Superliga and the Danish Cup):

England

In England winning the Double involves finishing first in the League – Division One prior to 1992, and since then, the Premier League and winning the FA Cup.

List of teams who have won¹ the Double in England:
The Aston Villa team of 1897 that won The Double.


League and League Cup Double

A rarer, and less coveted, double in English domestic football is that of winning the league championship and the League Cup. This feat was first achieved in 1978 by Nottingham Forest. Liverpool achieved this double three times in succession (1982, 1983 and 1984 in the latter case with the European Cup, a unique Treble). The latest team to achieve it were Manchester United in 2009, the second occasion this has been achieved in the Premier League era, after Chelsea in 2005.

FA Cup and League Cup Double

Again rarer and less coveted, this 'Cup Double' has been achieved three times. In 1993 Arsenal won both major English domestic cup finals (defeating Sheffield Wednesday in each). In 2001 Liverpool won both and also won the UEFA Cup. Most recently, in 2007 Chelsea won the League Cup with Didier Drogba scoring two goals to see off Arsenal in the final. Drogba also found the back of the net in the FA Cup final as his finish beat Edwin van der Sar to make Chelsea the first FA Cup winners at the new Wembleymarker.

Double Double

The Double Double is a term describing the defence of The Double (winning back to back Doubles) in the subsequent season. It is yet to be achieved, but there have been teams that have come close. In 1995, Manchester United almost achieved the Double Double after winning the Double in 1994, but becoming runners-up in both the Premier League and the FA Cup. However, they did achieve a unique Double Double when they won another Double in 1996. In 2003, Arsenal successfully defended their FA Cup crown, but finished as runners-up in the Premier League.

France

Several clubs have realised the French Double : FC Sète (1934), RC Paris (1936), Lille (1946), OGC Nice (1952), Stade de Reims (1958), AS Monaco (1963), Saint-Étienne (1968, 1970, 1974, 1975), Marseille (1972, 1989), Girondins de Bordeaux (1987), Auxerre (1996) and Lyon (2008).

Greece

In Greecemarker, only the big three of Athensmarker have managed to win The Double, meaning Super League Greece and the Greek Cup.

Club Number Years
Olympiacos
14
1947, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959*, 1973, 1975, 1981, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009
Panathinaikos
7
1969, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1991, 1995, 2004
AEK Athens
2
1939, 1978
  • In 1959, Olympiacos won the double (Greek Championship and Greek Cup) and also four unofficial cups, winning six (6) trophies in a season.


Italy

Six times an Italian club won both Serie A and Coppa Italia (Italian Cup) in the same season.



Due to the perceived low importance of the domestic cup in Italy, fans generally do not regard this achievement as a double or "doppietta".

Luxembourg

In Luxembourgianmarker football, the Double is a single club's victory in both the National Division and the Luxembourg Cup in the same season. As there are no other senior football competitions in Luxembourg, and Luxembourgian clubs have never come close to winning any European tournament, the Double is the ultimate achievement for a Luxembourgian club in one season.

It has been accomplished twenty-three times in the eighty-four years in which the Luxembourg Cup has been contested (and, therefore, the Double has been possible). By far the most successful club in terms of winning Doubles has been Jeunesse Esch, who have completed eight of the twenty-two Doubles.

Club Doubles Years
Jeunesse Esch 8 1937, 1954, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1988, 1997, 1999
FA Red Boys Differdange 3 1926, 1931, 1979
FC Avenir Beggen 3 1984, 1993, 1994
F91 Dudelange 3 2006, 2007, 2009
CS Fola Esch 1 1923
CA Spora Luxembourg 1 1928
Stade Dudelange 1 1948
FC Progrès Niedercorn 1 1978
Union Luxembourg 1 1991
CS Grevenmacher 1 2003


Netherlands

Club Number Years
Ajax
7
1966/1967, 1969/1970, 1971/1972, 1978/1979, 1982/1983, 1997/1998, 2001/2002
PSV
4
1975/1976, 1987/1988, 1988/1989, 2004/2005
Feyenoord
3
1964/1965, 1968/1969, 1983/1984
AZ (then AZ '67)
1
1980/1981
HVV
1
1902/1903
RAP Amsterdam
1
1898/1899


Portugal

In Portugalmarker, the Double is called "Dobradinha" and is achieved by winning the top tier league and the Portuguese Cup. Without surprise, only the Big Three have done it since the nationwide round-robin league competition was introduced in 1934.

On account of the League Cup having been introduced in 2007 only, a Treble has been considered since the Super Cup was introduced in 1979. Winning it after achieving the Double (contested between the League champion and the Cup runner-up when Doubles happen) was attained only by Sporting (1982 and 2002) and F.C. Porto (1998, 2003 and 2006).

Two Quadruples are considered for F.C. Porto in 2003 when José Mourinho lead them to win the domestic Treble and the Uefa Cup and in 2004 when they won the domestic League, the Champions League, the domestic Supercup and the Intercontinental Cup.

Sporting was the first side to achieve the Double (1941) as well as the first domestic Treble (1982). Benfica never achieved any type of Treble, but holds the record for Doubles (9).

Club Number Years
Benfica
9
1943 , 1955 , 1957 , 1964 , 1969 , 1972, 19811, 19831, 1987
Sporting
6
1941 , 1948 , 1954 , 19741 , 1982 , 2002
F.C. Porto
6
1956 , 1988 , 1998 , 2003 , 2006, 2009
1In 1974, Sporting was the first team to win the Double over the same team, making Benfica running up in both League and Cup. Almost winning a European Treble, Sporting saw 1. FC Magdeburg win 1974 Cup Winners' Cup after being eliminated by them in the semi-finals by one goal and after a series of misfortunes (two injuries, an own-goal at home, a missed penalty and a shot on the post). That year, Hector Yazalde established a record of goals scored in one Portuguese football season which still lasts to this day.

1Benfica also Doubled F.C. Porto in 1981 and 1983, and could have made it Treble, since the Supercup was already existent (since 1979): Porto not only saved a triple horror by winning the 1981 and 1983 Supercups, but filling the slot for European Cup Winners' Cup 1983–84 as 1983 Portuguese Cup runners-up, they even managed to reach the final, failing their first Quadruple in 1984 by a close margin.

Republic of Ireland

In Irelandmarker, The Double is achieved by winning the FAI League of Ireland Premier Division and FAI Cup. A clean sweep can be achieved by also winning the FAI League Cup and the Setanta Cup. Although no team yet to do this, Bohemian F.C. managed a similar feat in 1927/28 season by winning the League, FAI Cup, the League of Ireland Shield and Leinster Senior Cup (both now defunct). Derry City FC completed 'The Treble' in 1988/'89 by also winning the FAI League Cup.

Club Number Years
Shamrock Rovers
6
1925 , 1932 , 1964 , 1985 , 1986 , 1987
Bohemians
3
1928 , 2001 , 2008
Dundalk
2
1979 , 1988
St James's Gate
1
1922
Cork United
1
1942
Cork Athletic
1
1951
Derry City
1
1989
Shelbourne
1
2000


Soviet Union and Russia

Six teams achieved the Double in the Soviet Unionmarker and Russiamarker championships.

Dinamo Moscow was the first ever Double winner, in 1937.

Spartak Moscow won the Double six times (1938, 1939, 1958, 1992, 1994, 1998), a number unrivaled by any other Soviet/Russian club. The Double Double feat of late 30s was only recently repeated by CSKA Moscow. The 1992 Double was unique because Spartak Moscow won the 1992 Russian Championship and the 1991/1992 USSR Cup, competitions technically belonging to different countries.

CSKA Moscow won the Double five times: as CDKA Moscow in 1948, as CDSA Moscow in 1951 and as CSKA Moscow in 1991 (winning the last ever USSR Championship) and in 2005–2006.

Torpedo Moscow won the Double in 1960.

Dynamo Kyiv won the Soviet Double four times: in 1966, 1974, 1985 and 1990.

Ararat Yerevan won the Double in 1973, with Nikita Simonian at the helm.

Other countries

One notable double-winning team in 2006 was Bayern Munich in Germanymarker, which became the first team in the country's history to successfully defend a double. Inter Milan in Italymarker earned the double in an unusual manner in the same season, being awarded the Serie A title to go along with their on-field win in the Coppa Italia after initial league champions Juventus were stripped of the title in the aftermath of the 2006 Serie A scandal.

In Japanmarker, Urawa Red Diamonds won the J. League and the Emperor's Cup in 2006, and Kashima Antlers won in 2007. Of the 11 clubs that have been league champions (including the Japan Soccer League days), 9 have achieved doubles (the exceptions are Júbilo Iwata and Gamba Osaka).

In the United Statesmarker, the double consists of winning the MLS Cup and the U.S. Open Cup. D.C. United accomplished this in 1996, followed by the Chicago Fire in 1998 and the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2005.

In 1999, Icelandicmarker club KR Reykjavik men's and women's teams won both league and cup, and the club celebrated its centenary year with a double-double.

The all-time leader for domestic doubles is Linfield, from Northern Irelandmarker, United Kingdommarker — with 20 as of May 2008, after completing an unprecedented Treble Double.

Domestic Cup Double

A Domestic Cup Double consists of winning both domestic cup competitions in a single season or calendar year. Examples include:

European Double

In the same spirit as the European Treble, the European Double consists of winning the top tier European tournament (currently the UEFA Champions League) and domestic league title in a single season or calendar year. This has been achieved on 23 occasions by 15 clubs from 54 European competitions. Ajax Amsterdam and FC Barcelona have achieved this on the most number of occasions (3). Ajax Amsterdam and Real Madrid are the only teams that have successfully defended a European Double.

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won
Real Madrid 2 1957, 1958
Benfica 1 1961
Inter Milan 1 1965
Celtic 1 1967 (as part of The Quadruple)
Ajax Amsterdam 3 1972 (as part of The Treble), 1973, 1995
Bayern Munich 2 1974, 2001
Liverpool F.C. 2 1977, 1984
Hamburger SV 1 1983
FC Steaua Bucureşti 1 1986
PSV Eindhoven 1 1988 (as part of The Treble)
Red Star Belgrade 1 1991
FC Barcelona 3 1992, 2006, 2009 (as part of The Treble)
AC Milan 1 1994
Manchester United 2 1999 (as part of The Treble), 2008
F.C. Porto 1 2004


The Unbeaten Double

In 1994–95, Louis Van Gaal's Ajax succeeded an unbeaten double, wining the Dutch Eredivisie with a 27–7–0 record, and the UEFA Champions League with a 7–4–0 record. Van Gaal's dream team was the only club to achieve a European Double with no defeat.

Near European Doubles

Defined as clubs who came runners-up in the domestic league and won the European Cup/UEFA Champions League, won the domestic league title but lost the European Cup final or both:

League runners-up

European Cup final – losing side

Both

Continental Double

A Continental Double is identical to the European Double, but for sides outside the UEFA confederation winning the primary continental cup competition and the domestic league title. For example, the Copa Libertadores and top tier domestic league title in the CONMEBOL confederation would form a Continental Double. The Continental Double may be won in a calendar year, rather than a single season.

Other

A combination of domestic league or cup and a lesser domestic or continental trophy, usually the UEFA Cup or former UEFA Cup Winners' Cup may be won in the same season or calendar year. Examples include:







  • Liverpool won a League and UEFA Cup double in 1973 and again 1976, one year before winning the European Double in 1977.






  • Liverpool won a league cup and European cup double in 1981.


  • Everton F.C. have completed a European double in 1985, with the club winning the League title and UEFA Cup Winner's Cup, but losing the FA Cup final just three days later.






  • Real Madrid won both the La Liga title and the UEFA Cup in 1986. This UEFA Cup victory also helped them become the first side to win the trophy in back to back seasons.








  • CSKA Moscow won the Uefa Cup in May 2005 and the won the Russian Premier League in Dec 2005; this can be considered as a double even though it was not in the same season, it was in the same calendar year.


  • FC Barcelona won the Copa Del Rey and the Uefa Cup Winners Cup in 1997.






International Double

A country cannot usually win a World Cup and continental championship in the same year because they are usually not held in the same year (except for the Africa Cup of Nations), but one which holds both titles simultaneously could be said to have "done the double". These include:

Near Domestic Doubles

England

Many sides have come close to winning the English league and FA Cup double but have either finished second in the league, lost the FA Cup final or both (an occurrence sometimes referred to as Double Horror).

Near Domestic Doubles

Club Year League Cup
Manchester City 1904 Runners up Winners
Newcastle United 1905 Winners Runners up
Sunderland 1913 Winners Runners up
Aston Villa 1913 Runners up Winners
Huddersfield Town 1928 Runners up Winners
Arsenal 1932 Runners up Runners up
Wolverhampton Wanderers 1939 Runners up Runners up
West Bromwich Albion 1954 Runners up Winners
Manchester United 1957 Winners Runners up
Wolverhampton Wanderers 1960 Runners up Winners
Burnley 1962 Runners up Runners up
Leeds United 1965 Runners up Runners up
Leeds United 1970 Runners up Runners up
Leeds United 1972 Runners up Winners
Liverpool 1974 Runners up Winners
Liverpool 1977 Winners Runners up
Liverpool 1989 Runners up Winners
Everton 1985 Winners Runners up
Everton 1986 Runners up Runners up
Liverpool 1988 Winners Runners up
Manchester United 1995 Runners up Runners up
Arsenal 2001 Runners up Runners up
Arsenal 2003 Runners up Winners
Arsenal 2005 Runners up Winners
Chelsea 2007 Runners up Winners
Manchester United 2007 Winners Runners up


Key:
Competition winner
Competition runner-up


France

League runners-up



French Cup losing finalists



Both



Germany

In 1999, Bayern Munich won the Bundesliga, but lost 2–1 in the Champions League Final on Manchester United's epic stoppage-time comeback, and lost the German Cup final to Werder Bremen in a penalty shootout after a 1–1 draw.

In 2002, Bayer Leverkusen had a season that its fans would call the "Treble Horror":
  • They blew a five-point lead in the Bundesliga with three matches to play to finish second behind Borussia Dortmund.
  • They were beaten 4–2 by Schalke in the German Cup final.
  • They were beaten 2–1 by Real Madrid in the Champions League Final.


Soviet Union and Russia

League runners-up



Soviet Union and Russian Cup losing finalists



Both



Total Number of Doubles



Club Nation Number of
doubles
Linfield 20
Rangers 18
Olympiacos 14
Al-Ahly 13
Levski Sofia 13
Celtic 13
HB 12
Muharraq Club 12
FK Austria Wien 10
CSKA Sofia 10
Dinamo Kyiv 10
Benfica  9
Red Star Belgrade  9
Jeunesse Esch  8
Bayern Munich  7
Maccabi Tel Aviv  7
AFC Ajax  7
Rosenborg BKmarker  7
Partizani Tirana  7
Dinamo Zagreb  6
Ferencváros  6
Shamrock Rovers  6
Malmö FF  6


See also



References

  1. Chelsea also won the League Cup and the FA cup in 2007. "Football : Season Details: 1968" krysstal.com (accessed 17 October 2006)



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