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The Enormous Room is a 1922 autobiographical novel by the poet and novelist E. E. Cummings about his temporary imprisonment in Francemarker during World War I.

Cummings served as an ambulance driver during the war, when in late August 1917 he along with another driver, William Slater Brown (known in the book only as B.), were taken into custody by the French for some letters written by B. The letters contained many anti-war sentiments and when inquired, Cummings stood by his friend and was arrested.

While Cummings was in captivity at La Ferté-Macémarker, his father received an erroneous letter to the effect that his son had been lost at sea. The cable was later rescinded, but the subsequent lack of information on his son's whereabouts left the elder Cummings distraught.

Meanwhile, Cummings and B. had the bad luck to be transported to La Ferté only five days after the local commissioners in charge of reviewing cases for trial and pardon had left - and the commissioners were not expected back until November. When they finally did arrive, they agreed to allow Cummings, as an official "suspect", a supervised release in the remote commune of Oloron-Sainte-Mariemarker. B. was ordered to be transferred to a prison in Précignémarker. Before Cummings was to depart, he was unconditionally released from La Ferté due to U.S. diplomatic intervention. He arrived in New York Citymarker on January 1, 1918.

Cummings thus spent over four months in the prison. He met a number of interesting characters and had many picaresque adventures in his position as an American in a French prison, which he compiled into The Enormous Room. The book is written as a mix between Cummings' well-known unconventional grammar and diction and the witty voice of a young Harvardmarker-educated intellectual in an absurd situation.

The title of the book refers to the large room where Cummings slept beside thirty or so other prisoners. However, it also serves as an allegory for Cummings' mind and his memories of the prison - such that when he describes the many residents of his shared cell, they still live in the "enormous room" of his mind.


  1. The Enormous Room, pp. 251, 261
  2. The Enormous Room, p. 264

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