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The Henry Ford, a National Historic Landmark, (also known as the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village, and more formally as the Edison Institute), in the Metro Detroit suburb of Dearbornmarker, Michiganmarker, USAmarker, is the nation's "largest indoor-outdoor history museum" complex. Named for its founder, the noted automobile industrialist Henry Ford, and based on his desire to preserve items of historical significance and portray the Industrial Revolution, the property houses a vast array of famous homes, machinery, exhibits, and Americana. The collection contains many rare exhibits including John F. Kennedy's presidential limousine, Abraham Lincoln's chair from Ford's Theatremarker, Thomas Edison's laboratory, the Wright Brothers' bicycle shop, and the Rosa Parks bus.

Henry Ford said of his museum:

History

Logo
The Edison Institute was dedicated by President Herbert Hoover to Ford's longtime friend Thomas Edison on October 21, 1929 – the 50th anniversary of the invention of the incandescent light bulb. Of the 260 people in attendance, some of the more famous were Marie Curie, George Eastman, John D. Rockefeller, Will Rogers, and Orville Wright. The dedication was carried on radio with listeners encouraged to turn off their electric lights until the switch was flipped at the Museum.

The Edison Institute was originally composed of the Henry Ford Museum, Greenfield Village, and the Greenfield Village Schools (an experimental learning facility). Initially, Greenfield Village and the Henry Ford Museum were owned by the Ford Motor Company which cooperates with the Henry Ford to provide the Ford Rouge Factorymarker Tour and is a sponsor of the school. The Henry Ford is sited between the Ford Dearborn test track and several Ford engineering buildings with which it shares the same style gates and brick fences.

Henry Ford Museum

Henry Ford Museum began as Henry Ford's personal collection of historic objects, which he began collecting as far back as 1906. Today, the 12 acre (49,000 m²) site is primarily a collection of antique machinery, pop culture items, automobiles, locomotives, aircraft, and other items:

Greenfield Village



Greenfield Village is considered the largest outdoor museum in America . Patrons enter at the gate, passing by the Josephine Ford Memorial Fountain and Benson Ford Research Center. Nearly one hundred historical buildings were moved to the property from their original locations and arranged in a "village" setting. The museum's intent is to show how Americansmarker lived and worked since the founding of the country. The Village includes buildings from the 17th century to the present, many of which are staffed by costumed interpreters who conduct period tasks like farming, sewing and cooking. A collection of craft buildings such as pottery, glass-blowing, and tin shops provide demonstrations while producing materials used in the Village and for sale. Greenfield Village has 240 acres (970,000 m²) of land of which only 90 acres (360,000 m²) are used for the attraction, the rest being forest, river and extra pasture for the sheep and horses.

The transportation system provides rides by horse-drawn omnibus, steam locomotive, a 1931 Model AA bus (one of about 15 left known to exist), and authentic Ford Model Ts. Steam locomotives in operation include the Torch Lake, an 1873 0-6-4 Mason Bogie which is one of the oldest operating steam locomotives in the U.S., and the Edison, a Baldwinmarker 4-4-0.

Some of the most notable homes and buildings include:
A glimpse of Greenfield Village


Summer events

Civil War Remembrance


Memorial Day

Each year the Village celebrates the Memorial Day weekend with its Civil War Remembrance. This event features more than 400 Civil War reenactors who are invited to camp in the Village over the weekend. Attractions include infantry, cavalry, and artillery demonstrations, as well as a reenactors' ball, and special memorial events to commemorate the service of United States military veterans.

Motor Muster

Motor Muster is one of two car shows that takes place annually in Greenfield Village. Motor Muster is traditionally held on Fathers Day weekend. This event currently features cars built from 1934–1977, and features between 500-700 cars. Special attractions include car judging, pass in review.

Discovery Camp

During the summer, there is a daytime Discovery Camp for children in grades 2-8. Children participate in apprenticeships, canoeing, glass blowing and other age-dependent activities.

Salute to America

For four nights around the Fourth of July, the Detroit Symphony Orchestra performs a patriotic concert on Walnut Grove in the Village. Attendance ranges from 5000–9500 per evening.

Ragtime Street Fair

This event was inaugurated in 2007 and returned in 2008. The Street Fair features several live performers along with recorded music from the Ragtime era (ca. 1900-1917). The 2008 event also featured silent movies and a vaudeville show in town hall as well as the 1912 presidential campaign of Theodore Roosevelt. Instruction in the ragtime one step is provided free of charge at this event.

Old Car Festival

Features cars from 1890–1933 and is the event from which Motor Muster was spun off. Old Car Festival has been held on the first weekend after Labor Day since 1955. This event features 500-700 cars. Special events include car judging, pass in review, gaslight tour (Saturday night only), and car races on Walnut Grove.

Rouge Tour

The Ford Rouge Factory Tour is a first-hand journey behind the scenes of a modern, working automobile factory. Boarding buses at the Henry Ford Museum, visitors are taken to the River Rouge Plantmarker and Dearborn Truck Plant – an industrial complex where Ford has built cars since the Model A and which once employed 100,000 people.

Gallery

Image:Wright House and Shop.JPG|Wilbur and Orville Wright's house and bicycle shop.Image:The Wright House.jpg|The Wright Brothers house. It originally stood in Dayton, Ohiomarker and was removed to Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michiganmarker.Image:Rosa Parks Bus.jpg|The bus that Rosa Parks was arrested on. Her arrest was an important milestone in the Civil Rights Movement.Image:Noah Webster House.JPG|The house that belonged to Noah Webster.Image:Steam Locomotive at Greenfield Village.JPG|A steam locomotive.Image:Covered Bridge at Greenfield Village.jpg|A garden and covered bridge at Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michiganmarker.Image:House at Greenfield Village.jpg|A house at Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michiganmarker.Image:Menlo Park Laboratory.JPG|Upstairs at Thomas Edison's Menlo Park Laboratory.Image:Menlo Lab Cruicibles.jpg|Three crucibles in Thomas Edison's Menlo Park Laboratory. At the left is a boiler and a small steam engine. The laboratory was removed to Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michiganmarker.Image:Steinmetz Cabin.jpg|Charles Proteus Steinmetz maintained a small cabin overlooking the Mohawk River near Schenectady, New Yorkmarker. It was removed to Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michiganmarker.Image:1896-ford-archives.jpg|The 1896 Ford Quadricycle.Image:1916-apperson.jpg|A 1916 Apperson.Image:Fordson No. 1.jpg|Fordson Tractor No. 1Image:1949-volkswagen-archives.jpg|A 1949 VolkswagenImage:1964-mustang-rc.jpg|The first 1965 (per museum web site, NOT a 1964) Ford Mustang.Image:Late model Ford Model T.jpg|A Ford Model T giving rides at The Henry Ford.Image:Rosa_Parks_Old_GM_Bus_serial_number_1132_interior_No_2857.jpg| Interior of the bus that Rosa Parks was arrested on.Image:Douglas_DC-3_Northwest_Airline.jpg| A Douglas DC-3 Once owned by Northwest Airlines. Now on display at The Henry Ford.Image:Fokker_FVIIa3m_wiki.jpg|The Fokker F.VIIa/3M - Richard E. Byrd

See also



References

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