Calls, ( "Rodina Mat' Zovyot!"), also called
Mother Motherland, Mother
Motherland Is Calling, simply The
Motherland, or The Mamayev
Monument, is a statue in
Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia
commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad.
The repetitive wording in the title "Mother
Motherland" does not exist in Russian
: the word for "Motherland",
"Родина", is derived from "birth" and can be literally translated
as "birth place".
When the memorial was dedicated in 1967
the tallest sculpture in the world, measuring 85 metres (279 feet)
from the tip of its sword
to the top of the
. The figure itself measures 52 metres
(170 feet), and the sword 33 metres (108 feet). Two hundred steps,
symbolizing the 200 days of the Battle of Stalingrad, lead from the
bottom of the hill to the monument. The lead sculptor was Yevgeny Vuchetich
(a famous Russian
sculptor of Serbian
descent), and the
challenges of the of concrete sculpture were
handled by Nikolai Nikitin
statue appears on both the current flag and coat of arms
of Volgograd Oblast
The model who posed for the statue, Valentina Izotova, a native of
the city, is still recognized for her resemblance to the statue.
She was recruited by Lev Maistrenko, an artist who was working on
the memorial complex in the early 1960s.
According to some sources the statue was partially inspired by the
Winged Victory of
, with somewhat more extended drapery.Marshal of the Soviet Union
Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov
buried in the area of the monument, as is famous Soviet sniper
, who killed more than
300 German soldiers in the battle of Stalingrad.
The statue is currently leaning due to groundwater
level changes causing movement of
the foundations; the leaning is rapidly getting worse. The statue
is not fixed to its foundations and is held in place only by its
weight. It has moved by 20 centimetres and is not expected to be
able to move much further without collapsing.
- http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8040471.stm BBC News
- http://www.gateway2russia.com/st/art_168397.php Statuesque
Scott W. Palmer, "How Memory was Made: The Construction of the
Memorial to the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad," The Russian Review
68:3 (July 2009),