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The New Indian Express is a national English-language daily newspaper founded in 1932 as the Indian Express, under the ownership of Chennai-based P. Varadharajulu Naidu. In 1991, following the death of the then owner Ramnath Goenka, the Goenka family split the group into two separate companies. Initially, the two companies shared the Indian Express title, and editorial and other resources. But in 1998, the northern editions, headquartered in Mumbaimarker, retained and renamed Indian Express as The Indian Express, while the southern editions became The New Indian Express. Today, the two newspapers and the two companies are separate entities. The newspaper is known for its intrepid and anti-establishment tone.

History

Indian Express was first published on Sept. 5, 1932 in Chennai (then Madrasmarker) by an Ayurvedic doctor and Indian National Congress member P. Varadarajulu Naidu, publishing from the same press at which he ran the Tamil Nadu Tamil weekly. But soon, on account of financial difficulties, he sold it to S Sadanand, founder of the The Free Press Journal, another English newspaper.

In 1933, The Indian Express opened its second office in Maduraimarker and launched the Tamil daily Dinamani on Sept. 11, 1934. Sadanand introduced several innovations and reduced the price, but later sold part of his stake in the form of convertible debentures to Ramnath Goenka due to financial difficulties. Later, when The Free Press Journal further went into financial decline in 1935, Sadanand lost ownership of Indian Express after a long controversial court battle with Goenka, where blows were exchanged between some of the parties. Finally, a year later, Goenka bought the rest of the 26 per cent stake from Sadanand, and the paper came under the control of Goenka, who took the already anti-establishment tone of the paper to greater heights. Also at that time it had to face stiff competition from a well established The Hindu and the Mail, besides other prominent newspapers. In the late 1930s, the circulation was no more than 2,000 .

In 1939 Goenka bought out Andhra Prabha, another prominent Telugu Daily. Later it gained the name Three Musketeers for the three dailies . In 1940 the whole premises were gutted by fire. The Hindu, its rival, helped considerably in re-launching the paper, by getting it printed temporarily at one of its Swadesimithran’s press and later offering its recently vacated premises in Madras at 2, Mount Road later to become the landmark Express Estates . This relocation also helped the Express obtain better high speed printing machines, while some claimed the Goenka had deliberately set fire to escape financial embarrassment .

New Mastheads for Weekdays,Saturdays and Sundays in 2008
Old Mast head from 1999 till 2008


In later years, Goenka started the Mumbaimarker edition with the landmark Express Towers as his office when the Morning Standard was bought by him in 1944. Two years later to become it became the Mumbai edition of The Indian Express. Later on, editions were started in several cities like Maduraimarker (1957), Bangaloremarker (1965) and Ahmedabadmarker (1968). The Financial Express was launched in 1961 from Mumbai, Kannada Prabha (Kannada Daily) from Bangaloremarker in 1965 and a Bangalore edition of the Telugu Daily Andhra Prabha, and Gujarati dailies Lok Satta and Jansatta in 1952, from Ahmedabad and Baroda.

The Delhimarker edition started was when the Tej group's Indian News Chronicle was acquired in 1951, which from 1953 became the Delhi edition of Indian Express. In 1990 it bought the Sterling group of magazines, and along with it the Gentleman magazine.

After Goenka's demise in 1991, two of the family members split the group into Indian Express Mumbai with all the North Indian editions, while the Southern editions were grouped as Express Madurai Ltd with Chennaimarker as headquarters.

Editions

The New Indian Express is now published from all major cities in Andhra Pradeshmarker, Karnatakamarker, Tamil Nadumarker and Keralamarker besides Orissa, including Chennaimarker (Madras), Coimbatoremarker, Hyderabadmarker,Thiruvananthapurammarker Bangaloremarker, Kochimarker and Bhubaneswarmarker. In total, it publishes from 22 centres in the south.

Circulation

The New Indian Express has a net paid circulation of 309,252 copies (Source: ABC J-J, 2009). The NIE achieves its biggest penetration (paid sales per head of population) in the state of Kerala. It also claims to be the first Indian newspaper to give insurance benefits to its subscribers . The New Indian Express is published in a geographical area that covers approximately 24 per cent of the national population. The New Sunday Express (the Sunday edition of the NIE) is arguably the flagship publication, with magazine supplements incorporating both national and international themes and sections on arts, leisure, travel, lifestyle, sport, new age living, books, self-development, entertainment and development issues.

Recent changes

During late 2007/early 2008, there was a big shakeout of editorial staff, with many old hands leaving to make way for new. In April 2008, the newspaper underwent a major, drastic and exceptionally modern layout and design makeover and launched a huge advertising campaign.

In October 2007, The New Indian Express launched a 40-page Friday magazine supplement (almost total colour) called "Indulge" exclusively for the Chennai edition.

It also renamed all the city supplements, calling them Expresso and focusing more on the respective city's culture and lifestyle, rather than hard news. A special Saturday supplement called Zeitgeist was added during the daily's redesign and relaunch in 2008. The Sunday magazines were christened i.witness and i.witness 2. Its other supplements, which appear on a weekly or fortnightly basis, are on career and education.

At present, The New Indian Express is the only national daily which publishes news of far-flung Andaman and Nicobar Islandsmarker on an everyday basis. The TNIE has a staffer at Port Blair, the capital city of the remote archipelago.

Web sites

The New Indian Express Group of Companies also publishes Dinamani in Tamil and Kannada Prabha in Kannada and the following magazines: Cinema Express (Tamil), Malayalam Vaarika (Malayalam) and Tamilan Express (Tamil). The Group runs the following websites:
  • http://www.expressbuzz.com (English)
  • http://www.indiavarta.com
  • http://www.dinamani.com (Tamil)
  • http://www.kannadaprabha.com (Kannada)
  • http://www.andhraprabha.com (Telugu)
  • http://www.apweekly.com (Telugu)
  • http://www.cinemaexpress.com (Tamil)
  • http://www.malayalamvarikha.com (Malayalam)
  • http://www.tamilanexpress.com (Tamil)


See also



External links




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