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The Open Championship, or simply The Open (often referred to as the British Open outside the UK), is the oldest of the four major championships in professional golf. It is the only major held outside the USA and is administered by the R&A, which is the governing body of golf outside the USA and Mexico. The Open is played on the weekend of the third Friday in July, and is the third major to take place each year following The Mastersmarker and the U.S. Open and before the PGA Championship.

The event takes place every year on one of nine historic links courses in Scotlandmarker or Englandmarker (the event has been held once in Northern Irelandmarker, but Royal Portrush is no longer on the rota). In 2009, The Open will have a prize fund of £4.2 million (at the time of the announcement in July 2008, approximately 5.25 million or $8.3 million), with £750,000 going to the winner. Historically, The Open's prize money was consistently the least of the four majors; from 2002 to 2008, it was the highest. Uniquely among the four Major championships, the Open features a four hole playoff for all golfers tied at the end of regulation, with the playoff continuing into sudden death holes if players remain tied after four holes.

History

The Open Championship was first played on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick Golf Clubmarker, in Ayrshiremarker, Scotlandmarker. The inaugural tournament was restricted to professionals, and attracted a field of eight Scottish golfers, who played three rounds of Prestwick's twelve-hole course in a single day. Willie Park Senior won with a score of 174, beating the favourite, Old Tom Morris, by two strokes. The following year the tournament was opened to amateurs; eight of them joined ten professionals in the field.
Originally, the trophy presented to the event's winner was the Champion's Belt, a red leather belt with a silver buckle. There was no prize money in the first three Opens. In 1863, a prize fund of £10 (then $50) was introduced, which was shared between the second- third- and fourth-placed professionals, with the Champion still just getting to keep the belt for a year. In 1864 Old Tom Morris won the first Champion's cash prize of £6. By 2004, the winner's cheque had increased one hundred and twenty thousandfold to £720,000, or perhaps two thousandfold after allowing for inflation. The Champions Belt was retired in 1870, when Young Tom Morris was allowed to keep it for winning the tournament three consecutive times. It was then replaced by the present trophy, The Golf Champion Trophy, better known by its popular name of The Claret Jug.

Prestwick Golf Club administered The Open from 1860 to 1870. In 1871, it agreed to organise it jointly with The Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews and The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfersmarker. In 1892 the event was doubled in length from 36 to 72 holes, that is four rounds of what was by then the standard complement of 18 holes. In the same year the prize fund reached £100. 1894 was the first year the Open was held outwith Scotland, at the Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker, in Englandmarker. Because of an increasing number of entrants, a cut was introduced after two rounds in 1898. In 1920 full responsibility for The Open Championship was handed over to The Royal & Ancient Golf Club.

The early winners were all Scottish professionals, who in those days worked as greenkeepers, clubmakers, and caddies to supplement their modest winnings from championships and challenge matches. The Open has always been dominated by professionals, with only six victories by amateurs, all of which occurred between 1890 and 1930. The last of these was Bobby Jones's third Open and part of his celebrated Grand Slam. Jones was one of six Americans who won The Open between the First and Second World Wars, the first of whom had been Walter Hagen in 1922. These Americans and the French winner of the 1907 Open, Arnaud Massy, were the only winners from outside Scotland and England up to 1939.

The first post-World War II winner was the American Sam Snead in 1946. In 1947 Fred Daly of Northern Irelandmarker was victorious. While there have been many English and Scottish champions, Daly was the only winner from Ireland until the 2007 win of the Republic'smarker Pádraig Harrington, and there has never been a Welsh champion. Otherwise the early postwar years The Open was dominated by golfers from the Commonwealth, with South African Bobby Locke and Australian Peter Thomson winning the Claret Jug in nine of the 11 championships from 1948 and 1958 between them. During this period, The Open often had a schedule conflict with the match-play PGA Championship, which meant that Ben Hogan, the best American golfer at this time, competed in The Open just once, in 1953 at Carnoustiemarker, a tournament he won.

Another South African, Gary Player was Champion in 1959. This was at the beginning of the "Big Three" era in professional golf, the three players in question being Player, Arnold Palmer and Jack Nicklaus. Palmer first competed in 1960, when he came second to the little known Australian Kel Nagle, but he won the two following years. While he was far from being the first American to become Open Champion, he was the first that many Americans saw win the tournament on television, and his charismatic success is often credited with persuading leading American golfers to make The Open an integral part of their schedule, rather than an optional extra. The improvement of trans-Atlantic travel also increased American participation.

Nicklaus' victories came in 1966, 1970 and 1978. This tally of three wins is not very remarkable, and indeed he won all of the other three majors more often, but it greatly understates how prominent he was at the tournament throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He finished in the top five 16 times, which is tied most in Open history with John Henry Taylor and easily the most in the postwar era. This included seven second places. Nicklaus holds the records for most rounds under par (61) and most aggregates under par (14). At Turnberry in 1977 he was involved in one of the most celebrated contests in golf history, when his duel with Tom Watson went to the final shot before Watson emerged as the champion for the second time.

Watson won five Opens, more than anyone else has since the 1950s, but his final win in 1983 brought down the curtain on an era of U.S. domination. In the next 11 years there was only one American winner, with the others coming from Europe and the Commonwealth. The European winners of this era, Spaniardmarker Seve Ballesteros, Sandy Lyle, who was the first Scottish winner in over half a century, and the Englishman Nick Faldo, were also leading lights among the group of players who began to get the better of the Americans in the Ryder Cup during this period.

In 1995, The Open became part of the PGA Tour's official schedule. John Daly's playoff win over Italian Costantino Rocca began another era of American domination. Tiger Woods has won three Championships to date, two at St Andrews in 2000 and 2005, and one at Hoylake in 2006. There was a dramatic moment at St Andrews in 2000, as the ageing Jack Nicklaus waved farewell to the crowds, while the young challenger to his crown (as the greatest golfer of all time) watched from a nearby tee; Nicklaus afterwards decided to play in the 2005 Open when the R&A announced St. Andrews as the venue, giving his final farewell to the fans at the Home of Golf. In 2002, all Open wins before 1995 were retroactively classified as PGA Tour wins. Recent years have been notable for the number of wins by previously obscure golfers, including Paul Lawrie's playoff win after the epic 72nd-hole collapse of Jean Van de Velde in 1999, Ben Curtis in 2003 and Todd Hamilton in 2004. In 2007 the Europeans finally broke an eight year drought in the majors when Pádraig Harrington of the Republic of Irelandmarker defeated Sergio García by one stroke in a four-hole playoff. In 2008 at Royal Birkdale Harrington retained the Claret Jug with a final round of 69 to win the tournament by four shots from Ian Poulter, with a total of 283 (+3) after 72 holes. In 2009, 59-year-old Tom Watson turned in one of the most remarkable performances ever seen at The Open. Leading the tournament through 71 holes and needing just a par on the last hole to win, Watson bogeyed, setting up a four-hole playoff, which he would lose by six shots to Stewart Cink.

Trophies

There are several medals and trophies that are, or have been, given out for various achievements during The Open Championship.
  • Challenge Belt – awarded to the winner from 1860 until 1870 when Young Tom Morris won the belt outright.
  • The Golf Champion Trophy (commonly known as the Claret Jug) – replaced the Challenge Belt and has been awarded to the winner since 1873.
  • Gold medal – awarded to the winner. First given out in 1872 when the Claret Jug was not yet ready, but since awarded to all champions.
  • Silver medal – awarded since 1949 to the highest finishing amateur.
  • Bronze medal – awarded since 1972 to all other amateurs playing in the final round.


The Professional Golfers' Association of Great Britain and Ireland also mark the achievements of their own members in the Open.

Tour status

It has been an official event on the PGA Tour since 1995, which means that the prize money won in The Open by PGA Tour members is included on the official money list. In addition, all Open Championships before 1995 have been retroactively classified as PGA Tour wins, and the list of leading winners on the PGA Tour has been adjusted to reflect this. The European Tour has recognised The Open as an official event since its first official season in 1972 and it is also an official money event on the Japan Golf Tour.

Host courses

From 1860-70, The Open Championship was organised by and played at Prestwick Golf Clubmarker. Since it was revived in 1872 after a lapse of one year, it has always been played at a number of courses in rotation. Initially there were three courses in the rotation, namely Prestwick, St Andrewsmarker, and Musselburghmarker. In 1893 Royal St George's and Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylakemarker were invited to join the rotation. Since then a handful of further clubs have been added, and a few have been dropped. The common factor in the venues for The Open is that they have always been links courses. In more recent times the rotation has generally followed the pattern of being played in Scotland and England alternately. The general interruption to this pattern is the Old Course at St Andrewsmarker, which hosts the event every five years or so. There is, however, no strict rule and the host is appointed by the R&A around five years in advance. There is a map showing the locations of the venues here (there are thirteen dots for the fourteen courses; two of the courses are in the town of Sandwich). The Open is usually played in Scotland, North West England, or Kentmarker in South East England. It has never been played in Wales, or in seven of the nine regions of England (all except the North West and South East), and it has only been played in Northern Ireland once.

The course rotation in the rota has been (for years ending in):
  • (0,5) - - Scotland - (Old Course at St Andrewsmarker, every fifth year)
  • (1,6) - - England
  • (2,7) - - Scotland
  • (3,8) - - England
  • (4,9) - - Scotland


Although the schedule for 2011 and 2012 does not follow this pattern. There are nine courses in the current rota, five in Scotland and four in England:

Courses in Scotland:

  • Old Course at St Andrewsmarker: In 1873 the "Home of Golf" became the second course to host the Open. Nowadays, it does so more often than any other course. Since 1990 it has been scheduled every fifth year. The 2010 Open will be held at St. Andrews.
  • Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker, Championship Course: The Royal Burgh of Carnoustiemarker first hosted The Open in 1931, and it rejoined the rotation by hosting The Open in 1999 after an absence of 24 years and again in 2007.
  • Muirfieldmarker: Muirfield is a private course which was built for The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, one of the trio of clubs which ran The Open in the 1870s and 1880s. It first staged The Championship in 1892, just nine months after it had been built. Muirfield will host The Open in 2013.
  • The Turnberry Resortmarker, Ailsa Course: A course on the southwest coast of Scotland which hosted The Open in 1977, 1986, 1994, and 2009.
  • Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker, Old Course: This southwestern Scottish course has been in the rotation since 1923.


Courses in England:

  • Royal St George's Golf Club: This course is in the town of Sandwichmarker in the county of Kentmarker in southeast England. In 1894 it became the first Open venue outside Scotland. The Open will be held at Royal St George's in 2011.
  • Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker: This course in northwest England has been in the rotation since 1954. Royal Birkdale hosted The Open in 2008.
  • Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker: Also in northwest England, this course first hosted The Open in 1926, and entered the rotation in 1952. The 2012 Open will be held at Royal Lytham & St Annes.
  • Royal Liverpool Golf Club: The home of the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, which is often referred to simply as "Hoylake", joined the rotation in 1897 and hosted ten Opens up to 1967. After a 39 year absence from the rotation, it hosted in 2006.


Courses which are no longer in the rotation:

  • - Prestwick Golf Clubmarker: The founder club was dropped from the rotation in 1925, by which time it had hosted twenty-four Opens.
  • - Musselburgh Links: Musselburgh is a public course which was used by the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. When that club built Muirfield, Musselburgh dropped out of the rotation.
  • - Royal Cinque Ports Golf Clubmarker: This course in the town of Dealmarker in Kent hosted the Open in 1909 and 1920. Although situated in Deal, the course is very close to Royal St George's in Sandwich, on the current rota. In fact, the 11th tee at Royal Cinque Ports is closer to the clubhouse at Royal St George's than it is to the clubhouse of Royal Cinque Ports.
  • - Prince's Golf Club: Prince's hosted its only Open in 1932. The course is in Sandwich, Kent, and is adjacent to Royal St George's on the current rota.
  • - Royal Portrush Golf Clubmarker: The 1951 Open was staged at Royal Portrush in Northern Irelandmarker, the only Open not played in Scotland or England.


Exemptions and qualifying events

The field for the Open is 156, and golfers may gain a place in three ways. Around two thirds of the field is made up of leading players who are given exemptions. The rest of the field is made up of players who were successful in "Local Qualifying" and those who came through "International Qualifying".

There are over thirty exemption categories. Among the more significant are:

  • The top 50 on the Official World Golf Rankings. This key sweep up category means that no member of the current elite of world golf will be excluded.
  • The top 30 in the previous season's PGA Tour money list and European Tour Race to Dubai (which replaced the Order of Merit starting in 2009). Most but not all of these players will also be in the World top 50.
  • All previous Open Champions who will be age 60 or under on the final day of the tournament.
  • All players who have won one of the other three majors in the previous five years.
  • The top 10 from the previous year's Open Championship.


Among other things, the additional exemption categories ensure that all the member tours of the International Federation of PGA Tours are represented, and that there are some amateur competitors. Full details of all the exemption categories for the 2009 Open can be found here. Effective with the 2010 Open, The R&A added a new exemption category in direct response to the high finishes of Greg Norman, then 53, in 2008 (tied for third) and Tom Watson, at the time nearly 60, in 2009 (lost a playoff). A past Open champion who finishes in the top 10, including ties, will be exempt for the following five years. This new exemption will not currently affect Norman, who will still be under 60 when it expires, but will allow Watson to play in The Open through 2014 if he so chooses.

Local Qualifying is the traditional way for non-exempt players to win a place at The Open. It comprises sixteen 18-hole "Regional Qualifying" competitions around Britain and Ireland a week and a half before the event,[26540] with successful competitors moving on to the four 36-hole "Local Final Qualifying" tournaments a few days later.[26541] There are now twelve places available through Local Qualifying, though there used to be far more.

Local Qualifying is open to players from all over the world, and it used to attract some big names. In order to make it easier for professionals from outside Britain and Ireland to compete for a place, the R&A introduced International Qualifying in 2004. This comprises five 36-hole qualifying events, one each in Africa, Australasia, Asia, America and Europe. Only players who have a rating in the Official World Golf Rankings may enter, which is a more stringent standard than for Local Qualifying. Thirty-six places are available in International Qualifying. Eligible players may choose whether to enter local qualifying or international qualifying, but they may not enter both. For full details on qualification see here.

Tournament name

In Britain, the tournament is best known by its official title, The Open Championship. The tournament's website uses only this name, while UK media generally refer to the Open (with "the" in lower case).

Outside the UK, the tournament is generally called the "British Open", in part to distinguish the tournament from another of the four majors that has an 'open' format, the U.S. Open, but mainly because other nations with similar 'open' format golf events refer to their own nation's open event as "the open." The PGA Tour refers to the tournament as the British Open, as do many media outlets in the United States, such as SportsTicker and the Associated Press.

Records

  • Oldest winner: Old Tom Morris (46 years, 99 days), 1867.
  • Youngest winner: Young Tom Morris (17 years, 181 days), 1868.
  • Most victories: 6, Harry Vardon (1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1911, 1914).
  • Lowest absolute 72-hole score: 267, Greg Norman (66-68-69-64), 1993.
  • Lowest 72-hole score in relation to par: -19, Tiger Woods (67-66-67-69, 269), 2000 (a record for all major championships).
    • Norman's 1993 score was -13. Par at Royal St George's, the site of the 1993 Open, was 70, as opposed to the par 72 of The Old Course at St Andrews, the 2000 site. In fact, the to-par record broken by Woods was not held by Norman, but by Nick Faldo, who shot -18 at The Old Course in 1990.
  • Greatest victory margin: 13 strokes, Old Tom Morris, 1862. This remained a record for all majors until 2000, when Woods won the U.S. Open by 15 strokes at Pebble Beach. However, Old Tom's 13-stroke margin was achieved over just 36 holes.
  • Lowest 18-hole score: 63 – Mark Hayes, 2nd round, 1977; Isao Aoki, 3rd, 1980; Greg Norman, 2nd, 1986; Paul Broadhurst, 3rd, 1990; Jodie Mudd, 4th, 1991; Nick Faldo, 2nd, 1993; Payne Stewart, 4th, 1993.


There is an extensive records section on the official site here.

Winners

Year Venue Champion Country Winning Score 1st Prize
2009 Turnberrymarker Stewart Cink 278 (-2)PO £ 750 000
2008 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Pádraig Harrington (2) 283 (+3) £ 750 000
2007 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Pádraig Harrington 277 (–7)PO £ 750 000
2006 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Tiger Woods (3) 270 (–18) £ 720 000
2005 St Andrewsmarker Tiger Woods (2) 274 (–14) £ 720 000
2004 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Todd Hamilton 274 (–10)PO £ 720 000
2003 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Ben Curtis 283 (–1) £ 700 000
2002 Muirfieldmarker Ernie Els 278 (–6)PO £ 700 000
2001 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker David Duval 274 (–10) £ 600 000
2000 St Andrewsmarker Tiger Woods 269 (–19) £ 500 000
1999 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Paul Lawrie 290 (+6)PO £ 350 000
1998 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Mark O'Meara 280 (E)PO £ 300 000
1997 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Justin Leonard 272 (–12) £ 250 000
1996 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Tom Lehman 271 (–13) £ 200 000
1995 St Andrewsmarker John Daly 282 (–6)PO £ 125 000
1994 Turnberrymarker Nick Price 268 (–12) £ 110 000
1993 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Greg Norman (2) 267 (–13) £ 100 000
1992 Muirfieldmarker Nick Faldo (3) 272 (–12) £ 95 000
1991 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Ian Baker-Finch 272 (–8) £ 90 000
1990 St Andrewsmarker Nick Faldo (2) 270 (–18) £ 85 000
1989 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Mark Calcavecchia 275 (–13)PO £ 80 000
1988 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Seve Ballesteros (3) 273 (–11) £ 80 000
1987 Muirfieldmarker Nick Faldo 279 (–5) £ 75 000
1986 Turnberrymarker Greg Norman 280 (E) £ 70 000
1985 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Sandy Lyle 282 (+2) £ 65 000
1984 St Andrewsmarker Seve Ballesteros (2) 276 (–12) £ 55 000
1983 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Tom Watson (5) 275 (–9) £ 40 000
1982 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Tom Watson (4) 284 (–4) £ 32 000
1981 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Bill Rogers 276 (–4) £ 25 000
1980 Muirfieldmarker Tom Watson (3) 271 (–13) £ 25 000
1979 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Seve Ballesteros 283 (–1) £ 15 000
1978 St Andrewsmarker Jack Nicklaus (3) 281 (–7) £ 12 500
1977 Turnberrymarker Tom Watson (2) 268 (–12) £ 10 000
1976 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Johnny Miller 279 (–9) £ 7 500
1975 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Tom Watson 279 (–5)PO £ 7 500
1974 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Gary Player (3) 282 (–2) £ 5 500
1973 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Tom Weiskopf 276 (–12) £ 5 500
1972 Muirfieldmarker Lee Trevino (2) 278 (–6) £ 5 500
1971 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Lee Trevino 278 (–10) £ 5 500
1970 St Andrewsmarker Jack Nicklaus (2) 283 (–5)PO £ 5 250
1969 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Tony Jacklin 280 (–4) £ 4 250
1968 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Gary Player (2) 289 (+1) £ 3 000
1967 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Roberto De Vicenzo 278 (–10) £ 2 100
1966 Muirfieldmarker Jack Nicklaus 282 (+2) £ 2 100
1965 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Peter Thomson (5) 285 (–3) £ 1 750
1964 St Andrewsmarker Tony Lema 279 (–9) £ 1 500
1963 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Bob Charles 277 (–7)PO £ 1 500
1962 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Arnold Palmer (2) 276 (–12) £ 1 400
1961 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Arnold Palmer 284 (–4) £ 1 400
1960 St Andrewsmarker Kel Nagle 278 (–10) £ 1 250
1959 Muirfieldmarker Gary Player 284 (E) £ 1 000
1958 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Peter Thomson (4) 274 (–10)PO £ 1 000
1957 St Andrewsmarker Bobby Locke (4) 279 (–9) £ 1 000
1956 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Peter Thomson (3) 286 (–2) £ 1 000
1955 St Andrewsmarker Peter Thomson (2) 281 (–7) £ 1 000
1954 Royal Birkdale Golf Clubmarker Peter Thomson 283 (–5) £750
1953 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Ben Hogan 282 (–6) £500
1952 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Bobby Locke (3) 287 (–1) £300
1951 Royal Portrush Golf Clubmarker Max Faulkner 285 (–3) £300
1950 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Bobby Locke (2) 279 (–9) £300
1949 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Bobby Locke 283 (–5) £300
1948 Muirfieldmarker Henry Cotton (3) 288 (E) £150
1947 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Fred Daly 293 (+5) £150
1946 St Andrewsmarker Sam Snead 290 (+2) £150
1940–1945: No Championships because of World War II
1939 St Andrewsmarker Richard Burton 290 £100
1938 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Reg Whitcombe 295 £100
1937 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Henry Cotton (2) 290 £100
1936 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Alf Padgham 287 £100
1935 Muirfieldmarker Alf Perry 283 £100
1934 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Henry Cotton 283 £100
1933 St Andrewsmarker Denny Shute 292PO £100
1932 Prince's Golf Club Gene Sarazen 283 £100
1931 Carnoustie Golf Linksmarker Tommy Armour 296 £100
1930 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Bobby Jones (Am) (3) 291 Am – £100
1929 Muirfieldmarker Walter Hagen (4) 292 £100
1928 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Walter Hagen (3) 292 £100
1927 St Andrewsmarker Bobby Jones (Am) (2) 285 Am - £100
1926 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker Bobby Jones (Am) 291 Am – £75
1925 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Jim Barnes 300 £75
1924 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Walter Hagen (2) 301 £75
1923 Royal Troon Golf Clubmarker Arthur Havers 295 £75
1922 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Walter Hagen 300 £75
1921 St Andrewsmarker Jock Hutchison 296PO £75
1920 Royal Cinque Ports Golf Clubmarker George Duncan 303 £75
1915–1919: No Championships because of World War I
1914 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Harry Vardon (6) Jerseymarker 306 £50
1913 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker John Henry Taylor (5) 304 £50
1912 Muirfieldmarker Ted Ray Jerseymarker 295 £50
1911 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Harry Vardon (5) Jerseymarker 303PO £50
1910 St Andrewsmarker James Braid (5) 299 £50
1909 Royal Cinque Ports Golf Clubmarker John Henry Taylor (4) 291 £30
1908 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker James Braid (4) 291 £30
1907 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Arnaud Massy 312 £30
1906 Muirfieldmarker James Braid (3) 300 £30
1905 St Andrewsmarker James Braid (2) 318 £30
1904 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Jack White 296 £30
1903 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Harry Vardon (4) Jerseymarker 300 £30
1902 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Sandy Herd 307 £30
1901 Muirfieldmarker James Braid 309 £30
1900 St. Andrewsmarker John Henry Taylor (3) 309 £30
1899 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker Harry Vardon (3) Jerseymarker 310 £30
1898 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Harry Vardon (2) Jerseymarker 307 £30
1897 Royal Liverpool Golf Clubmarker Harold Hilton (Am) (2) 314 Am – £30
1896 Muirfieldmarker Harry Vardon Jerseymarker 316 PO £30
1895 St Andrewsmarker John Henry Taylor (2) 332 £30
1894 Royal St George's Golf Clubmarker John Henry Taylor 326 £30
1893 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker William Auchterlonie 322 £30
1892 Muirfieldmarker Harold Hilton (Am) 305 (Am)
1891 St Andrewsmarker Hugh Kirkaldy 166 £10
1890 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker John Ball (Am) 164 Am – £8
1889 Musselburgh Links Willie Park, Jnr (2) 155PO £8
1888 St Andrewsmarker Jack Burns 171 £10
1887 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Willie Park, Jnr 161 £10
1886 Musselburgh Links David Brown 157 £10
1885 St Andrewsmarker Bob Martin (2) 171 £10
1884 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Jack Simpson 160 £10
1883 Musselburgh Links Willie Fernie 159PO £10
1882 St Andrewsmarker Bob Ferguson (3) 171 £10
1881 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Bob Ferguson (2) 170 £10
1880 Musselburgh Links Bob Ferguson 162 £10
1879 St Andrewsmarker Jamie Anderson (3) 169 £10
1878 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Jamie Anderson (2) 157 £10
1877 Musselburgh Links Jamie Anderson 160 £10
1876 St Andrewsmarker Bob Martin 176 £10
1875 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Willie Park, Snr (4) 166 £6
1874 Musselburgh Links Mungo Park 159 £6
1873 St Andrewsmarker Tom Kidd 179 £6
1872 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Jnr (4) 166 £6
1871 No Championship
1870 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Jnr (3) 149 £6
1869 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Jnr (2) 154 £6
1868 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Jnr 157 £6
1867 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Snr (4) 170 £6
1866 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Willie Park, Snr (3) 169 £6
1865 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Andrew Strath 162 £6
1864 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Snr (3) 167 £6
1863 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Willie Park, Snr (2) 168 -
1862 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Snr (2) 163 -
1861 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Tom Morris, Snr 163 -
1860 Prestwick Golf Clubmarker Willie Park, Snr 174 -


National summary

Rank Nation Wins Winners
T1 42 22
42 27
3 20 12
4 9 4
5 8 3
6 Jerseymarker 7 2
7 3 1
8 2 1
T9 1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1


Multiple winners

Twenty-six players have won more than one Open Championship, to 2008 inclusive:

Back-to-back winners



Future sites



Notes and references

External links




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