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The Pioneers are a Jamaicanmarker reggae vocal trio, whose main period of success was in the 1960s. They were one of the most notable harmony bands of the early reggae period in the late 1960s. The trio has had different line-ups, and still occasionally performs.

Career

Formed in 1962 by Winston Hewitt and the brothers Sydney and Derrick Crooks, the Pioneers were one of Jamaica's finest harmony groups. Their early recordings "Good Nanny" and "I'll Never Come Running Back to You" were self-produced at the Treasure Isle studio using money lent to the Crooks brothers by their mother and appeared on Ken Lack's Caltone label. Hewitt emigrated to Canadamarker, to be replaced for around a year by former Heptone Glen Adams. These early singles were not successful and Sydney began promoting concerts, while Derrick took up a job with the Alcoa bauxite company. Sydney began working at Joe Gibbs' record shop, and through Gibbs, returned to recording; At his first session (to record "Give Me Little Loving"), with the other members of The Pioneers gone, Crooks recruited Jackie Robinson, who he found outside the studio just before recording began. Crooks later said of the encounter:

"When I was about to voice the song I looked outside the studio and I saw a little boy sitting on a stone.
I said 'Hey, come here man, you can sing?'
He sung the harmony for 'Give Me Little Loving' and his name was Jackie Robinson.
After that I said to him 'You are one of the Pioneers from today' and he became the lead singer of the Pioneers".


The new version of The Pioneers enjoyed success with singles such as "Longshot" (a track written and produced by Lee "Scratch" Perry on Gibbs' behalf about a long-lived but unsuccessful racehorse), "Jackpot", "Catch the Beat", and "Pan Yu Machete" (an attack on Perry, who left Gibbs in 1968 to start woking on his own productions). Crooks and Robinson also recorded as The Soul Mates in 1967. The group parted ways with Gibbs after an argument and moved on to work with Leslie Kong, the first recording for Kong being "Samfie Man", a song about a confidence trickster, which topped the Jamaican singles chart. After a few further singles with Kong, the group recruited Desmond Dekker's half-brother George Agard to become a trio again. Sydney Crooks and his former Pioneer brother Derrick, along with Winston Bailey also recorded as The Slickers, recording "Nana" for producer Neremiah Reid. The Pioneers scored again with a sequel to "Long Shot", "Long Shot (Kick De Bucket)". When Kong heard that the horse had died (during its 203rd race), he insisted that the group write a song about it; The song was written and recorded quickly and became an instant hit.

The band was popular in the United Kingdommarker, particularly among skinheads. "Long Shot Kick de Bucket" was a big hit in 1969, and led to a tour of the UK, during which they resolved to relocate there. Their cover of Jimmy Cliff's "Let Your Yeah Be Yeah" made #5 as a single in 1971. "Long Shot Kick de Bucket" was covered by The Specials on their The Special AKA Live! EP, which was a UK #1 hit in 1980.

The band did indeed move to the UK in 1970. Their third UK hit was "Give and Take", which reached #35 in January 1972. In 1975 they were the first reggae band to tour in Japan. The band split up for a time in the 1970s, with Crooks concentrating on production work and continuing with his brother in The Slickers, while Agard and Robinson continued to record, together on the album George & Jackie Sing, and separately. The group reformed in the late 1970s and continued until 1989, when they split again to concentrate on separate careers. In 1999, they reformed again and have continued to perform together since.

"Long Shot Kick de Bucket", which was a minor UK chart hit again in 1980 upon re-issue, was used in the 2008 film, The Wackness. In 2005, the Pioneers performed at the Maranhãomarker Roots Reggae Festival in São Luísmarker, Brazilmarker before 15,000 fans. The following year they appeared at the Godiva Festival in the War Memorial Parkmarker, Coventrymarker, Englandmarker.

Discography

Albums

  • Greetings From The Pioneers - 1968 - Amalgamated - produced by Joe Gibbs
  • Long Shot - 1969 - Trojan Records - produced by Leslie Kong
  • Battle Of The Giants - 1970 - Trojan Records - produced by Leslie Kong
  • Yeah - 1971 - Trojan Records
  • I Believe In Love - 1972 - Trojan Records
  • Freedom Feeling - 1973 - Trojan Records
  • I'm Gonna Knock On Your Door - 1974 - Trojan Records
  • Roll On Muddy River - 1977 - Trojan Records
  • Pusher Man - 1978 - Squad Disco
  • Pusher Man - 1978 - Trojan Records (different tracks to the Squad Disco release)
  • What A Feeling - 1980 - Pioneer International
  • Reggae for Lovers - D.M.C.


Compilations:
  • From The Beginning - 1969-1976 - WWS
  • Kick De Bucket - Rhino Records
  • Greatest Reggae Hits - 1979 - Trojan Records
  • More Reggae For Lovers Vol.4 - 1985 - Vista Sounds
  • Longshot Kick De Bucket (The Best Of) - 1997 - Trojan Records
  • Let Your Yeah Be Yeah (Anthology) - 2002 - Trojan Records
  • Give And Take: The Best of The Pioneers - 2003 - Trojan Records


Singles

  • "Good Nanny" (196?), Caltone
  • "I'll Never Come Running Back to You" (196?), Caltone
  • "Sometimes" (1965), Island (B-side to Theo Beckford's "Trench Town People")
  • "Good Nanny" (1966), Rio
  • "Too Late" (1966), Rio
  • "Give Me Little Loving" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Long Shot" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Jackpot" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "No Dope Me Pony" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Tickle Me For Days" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Catch the Beat" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Sweet Dreams" (1968), Amalgamated
  • "Shake It Up" (1968), Blue Cat
  • "Give It To Me" (1968), Blue Cat
  • "Whip Them" (1968), Blue Cat
  • "Reggae Beat" (1968), Blue Cat
  • "I Love No Other Girl" (1968), Caltone
  • "Easy Come Easy Go" (1968), Pyramid
  • "Pee Pee Cluck Cluck" (1968), Pyramid
  • "Pan Yu Machete"
  • "Love Love Everyday" (1969), Amalgamated (B-dside to the Moon Boys' "Apollo 11")
  • "Don't You Know" (1969), Amalgamated
  • "Mama Look Deh" (1969), Amalgamated
  • "Who the Cap Fits" (1969), Amalgamated
  • "Alli Button" (1969), Amalgamated
  • "Long Shot Kick De Bucket" (1969), Trojan (UK #21)
  • "Black Bud" (1969), Trojan
  • "Poor Rameses" (1969), Trojan
  • "Samfie Man" (1970), Trojan
  • "Boss Festival" (1970), Trojan


  • "Driven Back" (1970), Trojan
  • "Simmer Down Quashie" (1970), Trojan
  • "Battle of the Giants" (1970), Trojan
  • "Money Day" (1970), Trojan
  • "I Need Your Sweet Inspiration" (1970), Trojan
  • "Starvation" (1971), Summit
  • "Get Ready" (1971), Summit
  • "Land of Complexion" (1971), Summit
  • "Let Your Yeah Be Yeah" (1971), Trojan (UK #5)
  • "Give and Take" (1971), Trojan (UK #35)
  • "I am a Believer" (1971), Hot Shot
  • "Story Book Children" (1972), Summit
  • "I Believe in Love" (1972), Trojan
  • "Roll Muddy River" (1972), Ifusion
  • "At the Discotheque" (197?), Trojan
  • "Bad to be Good" (1973), Trojan
  • "Do It Right" (197?), Trojan
  • "Hit Me With Music", (197?), Trojan
  • "Some Livin' Some Dyin'" (197?), Trojan
  • "Sweet Number One" (197?), Trojan
  • "World Needs Love" (197?), Trojan
  • "Honey Bee" (1974), Trojan
  • "Jamaica Jerk Off" (1974), Trojan
  • "Mother Ritty" (19??), Beverleys
  • "Rock My Soul" (1985), Creole
  • "Reggae in London City" (1986)
  • "Bad Company" (198?), Pioneer International
  • "Starvation" (198?), Boss
  • "Papa Was a Rolling Stone" (19??), Joe Gibbs
  • "Bring Back the Yester Years" (1997), Joe Gibbs
  • "Run Run Run" (19??), MGA


The Pioneers also had a #42 UK hit in 1980 with a double-A-side release of "Long Shot Kick de Bucket" and Harry J All-Stars' "Liquidator", and a four-track EP consisting of tracks by The Pioneers, The Maytals, The Skatalites, and Jimmy Cliff reached #86 in 1989.

Cover versions

The Pioneers track, "Jackpot", was covered by The Beat on their 1980 album, I Just Can't Stop It. Their song "Starvation" was also covered on the "Starvation/Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie" charity single released in 1985.

See also



References

  1. Katz, David (2003) Solid Foundation: an Oral History of Reggae, Bloomsbury, ISBN 0-7475-6847-2, p. 101, 102, 106, 129, 130
  2. Katz, David (2000) People Funny Boy: The Genius of Lee "Scratch" Perry, Payback Press, ISBN 0-86241-854-2, p.56, 57
  3. Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, p. 210, 247, 358
  4. Moskowitz, David V. (2006) Caribbean Popular Music: an Encyclopedia of Reggae, Mento, Ska, Rock Steady, and Dancehall, Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-33158-8
  5. Chang, Kevin O'Brien & Chen, Wayne (1998) Reggae Routes: The Story of Jamaican Music, Ian Randle Publishers, ISBN 976-8100-67-2, p. 128-9
  6. Pioneersreggaegroup.com
  7. Harry J All-Stars And The Pioneers", Chart Stats
  8. Maytals/Skatalites/Pioneers/Jimmy Cliff", Chart Stats


External links




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