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The Salt Lake Tribune is the largest-circulated daily newspaper in the U.S.marker city of Salt Lake Citymarker, Utahmarker. The Salt Lake Tribune is distributed by Newspaper Agency Corporation, which also distributes the Deseret Morning News. The Tribune — or "Trib," as it is locally known — is currently owned by the Denver-based MediaNews Group. For almost 100 years it was a family owned newspaper held by the heirs of U.S. Senator Thomas Kearns. After Thomas Kearns died in 1918 the company was controlled by his widow, Jennie Judge Kearns and son Thomas F. Kearns. The newspaper's long time publisher was John F. Fitzpatrick who started his career as Senator Kearns' secretary in 1913.

History

A successor to Utah Magazine(1868), the publication was founded in 1870 as the Mormon Tribune by a group of businessmen led by former LDS Church members William Godbe, Elias L.T. Harrison and John Tullidge who disagreed with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' economic and political positions. After a year its name was changed to the Salt Lake Daily Tribune and Utah Mining Gazette. Not too long after that, the name was shortened to simply The Salt Lake Tribune. In 1902 the company started up an evening edition, known as The Salt Lake Telegram. The Telegram was from the beginning a money loser, was sold in 1914 and reaquired by the Tribune in 1930 only to be sold to and merged into the Deseret News in 1952 .

In 1873 three Kansasmarker businessmen, Fred Lockley, George F. Prescott and A.M. Hamilton, purchased the paper and the Tribune became known as an anti-Mormon organ which consistently backed the local Liberal Party. Sometimes vitriolic, the Tribune held particular antipathy for Latter-day Saints President Brigham Young. In the edition announcing Young's death, the Tribune wrote,

He was illiterate and he has made frequent boast that he never saw the inside of a school house. His habit of mind was singularly illogical and his public addresses the greatest farrago of nonsense that ever was put in print. He prided himself on being a great financer, and yet all of his commercial speculations have been conspicuous failures. He was blarophant, and pretended to be in daily with the Almighty, and yet he was groveling in his ideas, and the system of religion he formulated was well nigh Satanic. — The Salt Lake Tribune, August 30, 1877


In 1901 newly-elected Roman Catholic United States Senator Thomas Kearns and his business partner David Keith, secretly bought the Tribune. Kearns made strides to eliminate the paper's anti-Mormon overtones, and succeeded in maintaining good relationships with the mostly-LDS state legislature which had elected him to the Senate. Upon Keith's death in 1918 the Kearns family bought out Keith's share of the Salt Lake Tribune Publishing Company.

John F. Fitzpatrick, became publisher in 1924. In 1952, the Tribune entered into a joint operating agreement with the Deseret News, Salt Lake's daily newspaper (which was owned by the LDS Church), creating the Newspaper Agency Corporation. In 1960 Fitzpatrick died unexpectedly from a heart attack and an emergency session of the Kearns-Tribune Corp. board elected John W. Gallivan, publisher. He remained in that position until 1984 and chairman of the board until 1997.

The Kearns family owned a majority share of the newspaper until 1997 when they sold it to Tele-Communications Inc., a multimedia corporation, which was later acquired by AT&T. The Tribune was subsequently sold to Denvermarker, Coloradomarker-based MediaNews Group which is partially owned by publisher William Dean Singleton.



In 2002 the Tribune was mired in controversy after employees sold leaked inside information related to the Elizabeth Smart case to The National Enquirer. Tribune editor James "Jay" Shelledy resigned from his job at the paper amidst the fallout of the scandal. Two staffers also were removed from their positions as Tribune reporters.

In 2004, the paper decided to move out of its historic location at the downtownmarker "Tribune" building and relocate to the Gateway Mallmarker. Many people, including several Tribune employees, opposed the move, stating that it would harm the economy of Salt Lake's downtown. The move was completed in May 2005 and Tribune employees were told by Editor Nancy Conway, "It is just a building."

References

  1. Malmquist, O.N.:The First 100 Years, pp.323-324.
  2. O. N. Malmquist, The First 100 Years: A History of the Salt Lake Tribune, Utah State Historical Society, 1971
  3. Malmquist, O.N.:The First 100 Years, pp.373-376.


External material

Books

  • The First 100 Years, A History of the Salt Lake Tribune 1871-1971, O. N. Malmquist, Utah State Historical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah 1971


External links




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