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The Staple Singers were an Americanmarker gospel, soul, and R&B singing group. Roebuck "Pops" Staples (1914-2000), the patriarch of the family, formed the group with his children Cleotha (born 1934), Pervis (born 1935), Yvonne (b. 1936), and Mavis (b. 1939). They are best known for their 1970s hits "I'll Take You There", "Respect Yourself", and "Let's Do It Again".

Career

The family began appearing in Chicagomarker-area churches in 1948, and signed their first professional contract in 1952. During their early career they recorded in an acoustic gospel-folk style with various labels: United Records, Vee-Jay Records, Checker Records, Riverside Records, and then Epic Records in 1965. While the family surname is "Staples", the group used the singular form for its name, resulting in the group's name being "The Staple Singers".

It was on Epic that the Staple Singers began moving into mainstream pop markets, with "Why (Am I Treated So Bad)" and "For What It's Worth" (Stephen Stills) in 1967. In 1968, the Staple Singers signed to Stax Records and released two albums with Steve Cropper and Booker T & the MG'sSoul Folk in Action and We'll Get Over. By 1970, Al Bell had become producer, and with Engineer Terry Manning, the family began recording at the famed Muscle Shoals studio, and Memphis' Ardent Studio, moving in a more funk and soul direction.

The first Stax hit was "Heavy Makes You Happy (Sha-Na-Boom Boom)". Their 1971 recording of "Respect Yourself", written by Luther Ingram and Mack Rice, peaked at number 2 on the R&B charts and was a number 12 pop hit as well. The song's theme of self-empowerment had universal appeal, released in the period immediately following the intense American civil rights movement of the 1960s. In 1972, the group had a huge No. 1 hit in the United States with "I'll Take You There". It topped both pop and R&B charts. "If You're Ready " would become another big hit, reaching number 9 pop and number 1 on the R&B chart in 1973.

Then, after Stax's bankruptcy in 1975, they signed to Curtis Mayfield's label, Curtom Records, and released "Let's Do It Again", produced by Mayfield; the song became their second No. 1 pop hit in the US. In 1976, they collaborated with The Band on the song "The Weight" for their film The Last Waltz. However, they were not able to regain their momentum, releasing only occasional minor hits. Their 1984 album Turning Point featured their final Top 40 hit, a cover of Talking Heads' "Slippery People" (which also reached the Top 5 on the Dance chart). In 1994, they again performed the song "The Weight" with Country music artist Marty Stuart for MCA Nashville's Rhythm, Country and Blues compilation, somewhat re-establishing an audience. The song "Respect Yourself" was used by Spike Lee in the soundtrack to his movie Crooklyn, made in 1994.

In 1999, the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Famemarker. Pops Staples died of complications from a concussion suffered in December 2000. In 2005, the group was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Discography

Studio Albums

  • 1959: Uncloudy Day (Vee-Jay)
  • 1961: Swing Low Sweet Chariot (Vee-Jay)
  • 1962: Hammer and Nails (Riverside)
  • 1962: Swing Low (Vee-Jay)
  • 1962: The 25th Day of December (Riverside) - US Pop #11
  • 1963: Gamblin' Man (Riverside)
  • 1964: This Little Light (Riverside)
  • 1965: Amen! (Epic)
  • 1965: Freedom Highway (Columbia)
  • 1967: For What It's Worth (Epic)
  • 1968: Soul Folk in Action (Stax)
  • 1969: Will the Circle Be Unbroken (Vee-Jay)
  • 1970: Landlord (United Artists)
  • 1970: We'll Get Over (Stax)
  • 1971: The Staple Swingers (Stax) - US Pop #117, US R&B #9
  • 1972: Be Altitude: Respect Yourself (Stax) - US Pop #19, US R&B #3
  • 1973: Be What You Are (Stax) - US Pop #102, US R&B #13
  • 1974: City in the Sky (Stax) - US Pop #125, US R&B #13
  • 1975: Let's Do It Again (Curtom) - US Pop #20, US R&B #1
  • 1976: Pass It On (Warner Bros.) - US Pop #155, US R&B #20
  • 1977: Family Tree (Warner Bros.) - US R&B #58
  • 1978: Unlock Your Mind (Warner Bros.) - US R&B #34
  • 1981: Hold on to Your Dream (20th Century)
  • 1981: This Time Around (Stax)
  • 1984: Turning Point (Epic) - US R&B #43


Compilation Albums

  • 1990: The Best of the Staple Singers (Stax)
  • 2004: The Ultimate Staple Singers: A Family Affair (Kent/Ace)


Singles

Year Single Chart positions
U.S.
Hot
100

U.S.
R&B
UK
1967 "Why (Am I Treated So Bad)" 95
"For What It's Worth" 66
1971 "Heavy Makes You Happy (Sha-Na-Boom Boom)" 27 6
"Love Is Plentiful" 31
"You've Got to Earn It" 97 11
"Respect Yourself" 12 2
1972 "I'll Take You There" 1 1 30
"This World" 38 6
1973 "Oh La De Da" 33 4
"Be What You Are" 66 18
"If You're Ready " 9 1 34
1974 "Touch a Hand, Make a Friend" 23 3
"City in the Sky" 79 4
"My Main Man" 76 18
1975 "Let's Do It Again" 1 1
1976 "New Orleans" 70 4
1977 "Love Me, Love Me, Love Me" 11
"Sweeter Than the Sweet" 52
1978 "Unlock Your Mind" 45
1984 "Slippery People" 22 78
"This Is Our Night" 50
1985 "Are You Ready?" 39
"Nobody Can Make It on Their Own" 89


References

  1. Preiser, David (2002). Uncloudy Day [CD liner notes]. New York:Koch Jazz.


External links




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