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The Surrogates is a five-issue comic book limited series written by Robert Venditti, drawn by Brett Weldele, and published by Top Shelf Productions. In 2009 it was followed by a prequel graphic novel, The Surrogates: Flesh and Bone.

It has been made into a film, Surrogates, starring Bruce Willis.

Publication history

The first series ran from 2005 to 2006, with a collected edition published in July 2006 (ISBN 1891830872). A prequel graphic novel, The Surrogates: Flesh and Bone, was published in July 2009 (ISBN 1603090185). A limited edition hardcover, The Surrogates Operator's Manual, collects both books into a single volume (ISBN 1603090452).

Venditti was inspired to write The Surrogates after reading about numerous individuals who lost their spouses or their jobs due to their addiction to the internet and their online personas. In an interview, he says: "It dawned on me that if you were somehow able to create a persona and send it out into the real world—where it could go to work for you, and run your errands, and so on—then you would never have to go back to being yourself."

Plot summary

The Surrogates

In the year 2054, people are using surrogates (humanoid remote control vehicles) to interact with each other. The story, set in a fictional city called Central Georgia Metropolis, begins with Lt. Harvey Greer investigating the destruction of two surrogates. Greer soon discovers a mysterious figure, which he nicknames “Steeplejack”, plots to permanently disable all surrogates in an effort to eliminate people's dependence on them. Greer considers the anti-surrogate religious leader named “The Prophet” a suspect, but The Prophet is later killed by Steeplejack. Similar to Steeplejack and The Prophet, Greer feels people have become too reliant on surrogates for superficial reasons. Greer chooses to work the investigation in person after Steeplejack destroys Greer's surrogate. Greer later discovers Steeplejack is a surrogate controlled by Lionel Canter, the inventor of the original surrogate. Lionel designed surrogates as a tool for the physically impaired and became dissatisfied with their widespread personal use by the non-impaired. Eventually Lionel/Steeplejack successfully disables surrogates throughout the city. The story ends when Greer discovers his wife Margaret, a surrogate-addict, has committed suicide because her attractive-looking surrogate was disabled.

The Surrogates: Flesh and Bone

Flesh and Bone is set fifteen years prior to the original Surrogates story. It explores the early days of surrogate availability, including riots that take place in the wake of a surrogate-related murder. Harvey Greer is a patrolman investigating the beating death of a homeless person by a teenage boy who uses his father’s surrogate without permission. The father’s lawyer claims the father operated the surrogate in self defense. The police reluctantly drop the charges after their witness is murdered by an assassin. Thousands of members of a religious group riot for several days, protesting the dropped charges and the growing popularity of surrogates. The mayor meets with the group’s leader “The Prophet” and negotiates an end to the riots by giving the group a large parcel of land to establish a reservation. Greer is promoted to detective after his investigation leads to the teenage boy’s involvement in the beating death of the homeless man. The lawyer is charged (framed) with plotting the witness’ murder, although the murder was actually orchestrated by The Prophet.

Film adaptation

The Surrogates was made into a film, Surrogates. The film is directed by Jonathan Mostow and stars Bruce Willis. Filming began in April 2008 in Bostonmarker. Surrogates was released on September 25, 2009.


  1. "Surrogate Father". The Graphic Novel Reporter.
  2. Top Shelf Productions - The Surrogates: Flesh and Bone
Also see similar films The Matrix and 6th Day.


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