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The War Against the Jews is a 1975 book authored by Lucy Dawidowicz. The book researches the Holocaust of the European Jewry during World War II.

The author contends that Hitler pursued his policies to eliminate Jewish populations throughout Europe even to the detriment of pragmatic wartime actions such as moving troops and securing supply lines. As an example, Dawidowicz notes that Hitler delayed railcars providing supplies to front line troops in the Soviet Unionmarker so that Jews could be deported by rail from the USSR to death camps. She uses records of "one-way" rail tickets as additional documentation of those sent to camps.

Dawidowicz also draws a line of "anti-Semitic descent" from Martin Luther to Hitler, writing that both men were obsessed by the "demonologized universe" inhabited by Jews. She contents that similarities between Luther's anti-Jewish writings, especially On the Jews and Their Lies, and modern anti-Semitism are no coincidence, because they derived from a common history of Judenhass (Jew-hatred), which she traces back to the biblical Haman's advice to Ahasuerus. She argues that though modern anti-Semitism has its roots in German nationalism, the foundation of Christian anti-Semitism was laid by the Catholic Church and "upon which Luther built."

The book also provides detailed listings by country of the number of Jews killed in World War II. Dawidowicz researched birth and death records in many cities of prewar Europe to come up with a death toll of 5.933.900 Jews. Some historians consider this number an underestimate since many records were lost during the war, many births and deaths were not recorded in small towns and villages, and many births occurred in countries between their last prewar censuses and the start of the war.

Her listings are as follows:
Country Estimated Pre-War Jewish population Estimated Jewish population annihilated Percent killed
Polandmarker 3.300.000 3.000.000 90
Baltic countries 253.000 228.000 90
Germanymarker & Austriamarker 240.000 210.000 90
Bohemia & Moravia 90.000 80.000 89
Slovakiamarker 90.000 75.000 83
Greecemarker 70.000 54.000 77
Netherlandsmarker 140.000 105.000 75
Hungarymarker 650.000 450.000 70
Byelorussian SSR 375.000 245.000 65
Ukrainian SSR 1.500.000 900.000 60
Belgiummarker 65.000 40.000 60
Yugoslavia 43.000 26.000 60
Romaniamarker 600.000 300.000 50
Norwaymarker 1.800 900 50
Francemarker 350.000 90.000 26
Bulgariamarker 64.000 14.000 22
Italymarker 40.000 8.000 20
Luxembourgmarker 5.000 1.000 20
Russian SFSR 975.000 107.000 11
Denmarkmarker 8.000 120 2
Finlandmarker 2.000 ? ?
Total 8.861.800 5.933.900 67

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