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Poster for Fred Hamlin's 1902 musical extravaganza, the first major theatrical adaptation of The Wizard of Oz.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 novel by L. Frank Baum, which has been adapted into several different works, the most famous being the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland. Many of the adaptations have themselves been adapted for pantomime or amateur productions.

Film adaptations

Television adaptations

Nearly all of these are not, strictly speaking, adaptations of The Wizard of Oz, but are rather adaptations of sequels as well as original films using the Oz characters.

Stage adaptations


There are 40 "canonical" Oz books, including 14 by Baum, all of which are considered "official" sequels or prequels to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In addition, the following books use the Oz milieu as settings for their tales:

  • MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz was the first joint publishing venture between DC Comics and Marvel Comics.
  • Was is a 1992 parallel novel by Geoff Ryman focusing on the lives of disparate individuals linked to one another by the original novel and the 1939 film.
  • Wicked is a 1995 novel by Gregory Maguire, presenting "The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West". Wicked has two sequels: Son of a Witch (2005) and A Lion Among Men (2008).
  • Dare is a 2007 novel by BET host Abiola Abrams is a loose adaptation with several references to the tale of Oz. The main character's middle name is Gayle, which was Dorothy's last name, and she is on a journey to find love, courage, and home. A record producer referred to as the wizard is named Ozzie Marvelous, and there is a wicked witch stylist and her "good" sister. The hotel Heretix is on a yellow bricked road and they leave Ohio in a tornado and land in beautiful sunshine the author refers to as Technicolor. There is also a frequent refrain that "no place was home."
  • A Barnstormer in Oz is a 1982 novel by Alan Dean Foster in which a pilot named Hank Stover, who is Dorothy's son, is transported to Oz when his plane becomes lost in a green cloud over Kansas.
  • The comic book series Oz Squad features an adult Dorothy and her original companions from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a covert operations group protecting Oz from threats both within its borders and from the "real world".
  • The Oz-Wonderland War is a comics story in which the people of Oz battle the characters of Lewis Carrol's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
  • Dorothy of Oz (Korean: ??? Dorosi "Dorothy") is a manhwa (Korean comics) by Son Hee-joon (???) about an ordinary girl named Mara Shin who winds up in a science-fantasy realm called "Oz". She meets up with this realm's version of the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodsman, and the Cowardly Lion, and follows the Yellow Brick Road to find her way home.
  • The comic book Dorothy was launched by Illusive Arts Entertainment in November 2005. Presented in semi-fumetti style using digitally altered photographs, this retelling of Baum's story has been updated to 2005 and features model Catie Fisher as 16-year-old Dorothy Gale, a disaffected youth with dyed hair and piercings who steals her uncle's car and runs away from home ... until she encounters a tornado and is knocked unconscious. This version of the tale, created by Greg Mannino, written by Mark Masterson with artwork by Greg Mannino and Ray Boersig, is in part a retelling of Baum's tale and in part a retelling of the 1939 movie version of the story, as it incorporates elements of the Judy Garland film.
  • The novel was adapted into a comic book in 2005, illustrated/painted by Enrique Fernandez and adapted by David Chauvel, with almost all dialogue and narration taken directly from Baum's original. The comic was originally published in 2005 in France, where it won the prestigious Grand Prix de La Ville De Lyon Award of Illustration. In 2006, it was adapted into English and published in America by Image Comics.
  • An erotic re-telling of the story is featured in Lost Girls, a graphic novel by Alan Moore and Melinda Gebbie first published in its entirety in 2006. In this book an adult Dorothy meets Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Wendy Darling from Peter Pan and the trio recount the stories of their respective works as allegories for their sexual awakenings.
  • The Wizard of the Emerald City, a 1939 children's novel by Russian writer Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, a loose translation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. It was adapted into animated series (1976)[502441] and a live action film (1994)[502442]. It has 5 sequels by the same author.


A screenshot from the 1985 text adventure game.


  • Todd McFarlane created a sinister toy series called Twisted Land of Oz that portrays all of the characters as more sinister (such as the monster Toto) and adult oriented (BDSM Dorothy)..
  • Walt Disney originally wanted to make an animated version of The Wizard Of Oz to serve as the follow-up to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , but the film rights were bought by Samuel Goldwyn, who originally intended to make it as a standard musical comedy, with Eddie Cantor as his star. However, Goldwyn ended up selling the rights to MGM.
  • The Felice Brothers wrote a song called "Don't Wake the Scarecrow" which features several references to the Wizard of Oz.
  • American McGee's Oz was a darkly, twisted series of figurines based on Baum's original Wizard of Oz characters. Interestingly, this series was released before McFarlane's. This series was supposed to help McGee launch a franchise around this interpretation, following up with a film, game, etc.
  • Stargate SG-1 has several verbal references to "The Wizard of Oz," including Colonel Jack O'Neill calling Samantha Carter "Dorothy" when she defeated one of the show's villains.
  • The band Scissor Sisters released a song on their self-titled album called "Return to Oz", referencing the sequel.


  1. Sci Fi Wire - Tin Man Previewed
  3. Rozakis, Bob. "Tabloid Talk," (Apr. 7, 2008).
  4. Dare: Books: Abiola Abrams
  5. review of Dorothy of Oz
  6. Telarium Corporation
  7. 1up preview of RIZ-ZOAWD
  8. Twisted Land of Oz official site.

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