(c. 1238 – December 4, 1270) (French
), called the Young
, was Count of Champagne
(as Theobald V
) and King of Navarre
from 1253 until his
He was the eldest son of Theobald I
and his third wife,
Bourbon, Queen of Navarre
. He succeeded to his father's titles
on his father's death when he was only fourteen years of age. His
mother acted as regent
with James I of Aragon
until 1256, when
Theobald came of age. On 27 November
affirmed the Fueros of Navarre
which limited his power by putting him under the counsel of a tutor
from among the aristocracy. He could not make judgements without a
council of twelve (a jury) of noblemen. Theobald was not content,
however, to be so restricted in royal prerogative before his
twenty-first birthday. He received the rites of unction
from Pope Alexander IV
in 1257 and
1259 respectively and tried to justify his divine right to rule, a
concept foreign until that point in traditional Navarrese politics
(though see the reign of Sancho
In order to counter the tendency to decentralisation and
feudalisation of the noblesse, the king turned to the bourgeoisie.
He exacted extraordinary taxes and imposts from them, but they
supported him nevertheless because he granted them rights,
prestige, and political clout. He extended the fueros of Pamplona to Lanz and Estella to Tiebas and Torralba
Del Río. He founded Espinal in
In other affairs, Theobald continued the policies of his father. He
improved the royal administration, of incomes and expenditures, and
administered the first census. The count of 1266 indicated the
presence of 150,000 inhabitants. Approximately 6.75% of royal
revenues were spent on a bureaucracy, 33.84% on the military, and
59.6% to the maintenance of the monarch and his household and
Theobald found support in Louis IX of
, who supported his fellow kings against their vassals
with consistency. Theobald married Isabella
daughter, on 6 April 1255. Theobald acted as an advisor of Louis
and Louis as an arbiter in Navarre's internal problems.
daughter, Berengaria, of Alfonso X
of Castile was betrothed to Louis, eldest son and heir of King
Louis, Castile ceded the use of the ports of Fuenterrabía and San Sebastián to Navarre on 1 January 1256.
1270, Theobald embarked with his father-in-law on the Eighth Crusade to Tunis.
Louis died of dysentery at the siege. Theobald died
childless at Trapani in Sicily while returning that same year.
succeeded by his younger brother Henry III of Champagne
. His wife Isabella
returned home to France, were she
died a few months later.
- Ciampolo, a soul found by Dante in the
Inferno who defrauded Theobald.