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Theodore William John Schurch (May 5, 1918 - January 4, 1946) was an Anglomarker-Swissmarker soldier who was the last person to be executed for an offence other than murder in Britain.

Schurch's father was Swiss but living in Londonmarker when TWJ Schurch was born at Queen Charlotte's Hospitalmarker. During his late teens TWJ Schurch was a member of the British Union of Fascists. On July 8, 1936 he enlisted in the British Army as a Royal Army Service Corps driver.

In June 1942 Schurch was captured by the Germans in Tobruk and began a career working for both Italian and German intelligence. Often he would pose as a captured prisoner-of-war to gain the trust of fellow Allied prisoners, including Colonel Sir David Stirling, founder of the Special Air Servicemarker.

Schurch was arrested in Rome in March 1945 and tried by Major Melford Stevenson in a court martial convened at the Duke of York's Headquartersmarker in Chelsea, Londonmarker in September 1945. He was found guilty of all charges against him, nine counts of treachery under section one of the Treachery Act 1940 and one of desertion. He was defended by Alexander Brands.

Theodore Schurch was hanged on January 4, 1946 at the age of 27. His hanging took place at HM Prison Pentonvillemarker, and was conducted by Albert Pierrepoint. Schurch was the only British soldier executed for treachery in the Second World War.

The traitors William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) and John Amery were executed for the ancient crime of treason rather than the offence of treachery introduced in 1940.


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