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The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 – 1818) was a final and decisive conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in Indiamarker, which left the Company in control of most of India.

The war began with an invasion of Maratha territory by the British Governor General, Lord Hastings, supported by a force under Sir Thomas Hislop, in the course of operations against Pindari robber bands. The Peshwa of Punemarker's forces (see Battle of Khadki), followed by those of the Bhonsle of Nagpurmarker and Holkar of Indoremarker (see Battle of Mahidpur ), rose against the British, but British diplomacy convinced the Sindhia of Gwaliormarker to remain neutral, although he lost control of Rajasthanmarker. British victory was swift, resulting in the breakup of the Maratha Empire and the loss of Maratha independence to the British. The Battle of Koregaon gave decisive victory to the British; the Peshwa was pensioned off and most of his territory was annexed to the Bombay Presidency, although the Maharaja of Sataramarker was restored as ruler of a princely state until its annexation to Bombay state in 1848. The northern portion of the Nagpur Bhonsle dominions, together with the Peshwa's territories in Bundelkhand, were annexed to British India as the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories. The Maratha kingdoms of Indore, Gwalior, Nagpur, and Jhansimarker became princely states, acknowledging British control.

The Third Anglo-Maratha War left the British in control of virtually all of present-day India south of the Sutlej Rivermarker. In addition, the famed Nassak Diamondmarker was acquired by the East India Company as part of the spoils of the war.

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