Thomas Carte (also
John Carte) (1686 – April
2, 1754) was an English historian.
born near Clifton upon
Dunsmore (itself near Rugby). He matriculated at University
College, Oxford in 1698, and took his degree from Brasenose
College, Oxford in 1702, and an MA from King's College,
Cambridge in 1706.
He was first brought into notice by his controversy with Dr
regarding the Irish massacre
of 1641, during the
English Civil War
, in which he
defended the late King Charles
. His attachment to the Stuart
also caused him to remain a non-juror
. He was
around 1714, and in that year
refused to take the Oath of
. On the discovery of the plot of Francis Atterbury, whose secretary he was,
he was accused of high treason in 1722
and was forced to flee to France adopting the
name of Philips.
There he collected materials for an English edition of the works of
Jacques August de Thou
, which were
purchased and published by Dr Mead
. He was
recalled to England in 1728 through the influence of Queen Caroline
Works and collection
- Life of James
Duke of Ormonde (3 vols., 1735–1736; new ed., in 6 vols.,
- A General Account of the Necessary Materials for a History
of England (1738)
- History of the Revolutions of Portugal, with letters
of Sir Robert Southwell during
his embassy there (London, 1740)
The first volume of his General History of England
contains a vast and careful collection of facts, was published in
1747. By including in it the statement that the "King's Evil
" had been cured by the Pretender
, Carte lost the favour of most of his
patrons. He, however, continued to publish; and the 2nd volume
appeared in 1750, the 3rd in 1752, the 4th in 1755.
He collected a large quantity of historical papers during his life.
became the property of the University of Oxford, and were deposited in the Bodleian
Library, where they are known as the Carte Manuscripts.
Later Life and Death
the rectory in Yattendon during the later part of his life, working on part
of his "General History of England" while living there.
buried in the church at Yattendon.
- Napoleon Bonaparte, "Thomas Carte," Napoleon’s Notes on
English History made on the Eve of the French Revolution,
illustrated from Contemporary Historians and referenced from the
findings of Later Research by Henry Foljambe Hall. New Yorl:
E. P. Dutton & Co., 1905, xxv-xxvii.