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Thomas Howard Ruger (April 2, 1833 – June 3, 1907) was an Americanmarker soldier and lawyer who served as a Union general in the American Civil War. After the war, he was a superintendent of the United States Military Academymarker at West Pointmarker, New Yorkmarker.

Early life

Ruger was born in Lima, New York, and moved to Janesville, Wisconsinmarker in 1846. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1854, third in his class of 46, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He resigned in 1855 to become a lawyer in Wisconsinmarker.

Civil War

Ruger was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment in June 1861, and promoted to colonel on August 20. Ruger commanded his regiment in Marylandmarker and the Shenandoah Valleymarker campaigns. He participated in the Battle of Antietammarker, in which he was wounded while acting commander of a brigade in the 1st Division, XII Corps. Commissioned brigadier general of volunteers in November 1862, Ruger led his brigade of the XII Corps, Army of the Potomac, in the Battle of Chancellorsvillemarker, and commanded the division of Brig. Gen. Alpheus Williams temporarily at Gettysburgmarker. (Col. Silas Colgrove led the brigade in that battle, participating in the defense of Culp's Hillmarker.) In the summer of 1863, Ruger was in New York Citymarker, where he aided in suppressing draft riots.

Brig. Gen. Ruger led a brigade of XX Corps in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancemarker into Georgiamarker until November 1864, and with a division of XXIII Corps took part in the campaign against General John B. Hood's army in Tennesseemarker, brevetted major general of volunteers, November 30, 1864, for services at the Battle of Franklinmarker. Ruger organized a division at Nashvillemarker and led his command to North Carolinamarker in June 1865, and then had charge of the department of that state until June 1866. He was mustered out of his volunteer commission, accepting a regular army commission as colonel, July 28, 1866, and on March 2, 1867, was brevetted brigadier general, regular army, for his services at Gettysburg.

Later years

Ruger participated in Reconstruction as the military governor of Georgiamarker and in the Freedmen's Bureau in Alabamamarker in 1868. He was the superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy from 1871 to 1876, and retired, in 1897, with the rank of major general in the regular army. He died in Stamford, Connecticutmarker, and is buried in West Point National Cemetery.

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