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Thomas Keller (born October 14, 1955) is an Americanmarker chef, restaurateur, and cookbook writer. He and his landmark restaurant, The French Laundrymarker in Yountville, Californiamarker, in the Napa Valleymarker, have won multiple awards from the James Beard Foundation, notably the Best California Chef in 1996 and the Best Chef in America in 1997, and the restaurant is a perennial winner in the annual Restaurant Magazine list of the Top 50 Restaurants of the World. In 2005, he was awarded the three starrating in the inaugural Michelin Guide for New York for his restaurant per se, and in 2006, he was awarded three stars in the inaugural Michelin Guide to the Bay Area for his restaurant The French Laundrymarker. He is the only American chef to have been awarded simultaneous Michelin stars for two different restaurants.

Early life and career

Born at Camp Pendletonmarker in Oceanside, Californiamarker to Edward, a Marine drill instructor, and Betty Keller, a restaurateur, Thomas was the youngest of five boys. Four years after his parents divorced, the family moved east and settled in Palm Beach, Floridamarker. In his teenage summers, he worked at the Palm Beach Yacht Club, starting as a dishwasher and quickly moving up to cook. It was here he discovered his passion for cooking and perfection in a hollandaise sauce.

During summers when work was slow, he took cook's jobs in Rhode Islandmarker. One summer he was discovered by Frenchmarker-born Roland Henin and tasked to his Dunes Club to cook staff meals. Under Henin's study, Keller learned the fundamentals of classical French cooking. After the Dunes Club, Keller worked various cooking positions in Florida and soon became the cook at a small French restaurant called La Rive in the Hudson River valley in Catskill, New Yorkmarker. Thomas worked alone with the couple's grandmother as prep cook. Given free rein, he built a smokehouse to cure meats, developed relationships with local livestock purveyors and learned to cook entrails and offal under his old mentor, Roland Henin, who would drop by on occasional weekends. After three years at La Rive, unable to buy it from the owners, he left and moved to New Yorkmarker and then Parismarker, apprenticing at various Michelin-starred restaurants.

After returning to America in 1984, he was hired as chef de cuisine at La Reserve in New York, before leaving to open Rakel in early 1987. Rakel's refined French cuisine catered to the expensive tastes of Wall Streetmarker executives and received a two-star review from The New York Times. Its popularity waned as the stock market bottomed out and at the end of the 1980s, Keller left, unwilling to compromise his style of cooking to simple bistro fare.

The French Laundry

Following the split with his partner at Rakel, Keller took various consultant and chef positions in New York and Los Angelesmarker. In the spring of 1992 he came upon an old French steam laundry built in Yountville, Californiamarker in the 1890s that had been converted to a restaurant. He spent nineteen months raising $1.2 million from acquaintances and investors to purchase the restaurant, then quietly opened in the summer of 1994. Over the next few years the restaurant earned numerous awards, including the James Beard Foundation, gourmet magazines, the Mobil Guide (five stars), and the Michelin Guide (three stars).

In April 2009, Keller became engaged to longtime girlfriend and former general manager at the French Laundry, Laura Cunningham.

Other restaurants and pursuits

Food and dining

the success of The French Laundry, Thomas and his brother, Joseph Keller (currently owner/chef of Josef's in Las Vegas), opened Bouchon in 1998. Located down the street from The French Laundry, it serves moderately priced French bistro fare, with Bouchon Bakery opening next door a few years later (in 2006 Keller opened a branch of the bakery in the Time Warner Center in Manhattan). In January 26, 2004, Keller opened his restaurant Bouchon in Las Vegasmarker. On February 16, 2004, Keller's much anticipated Per Se restaurant opened in the Time Warner Centermarker complex in New Yorkmarker under the helm of Keller's Chef de Cuisine, Jonathan Benno. Per Se, which was designed from scratch and custom-built as part of the overall construction process, was an immediate hit on the New York restaurant scene, with reservations booked months in advance and publications including The New Yorker and The New York Times giving rave reviews. The latest restaurant, "ad hoc", opened in September 2006 in Yountvillemarker with a different fixed price comfort food dinner served family style every night. Originally intended to be a temporary project while Keller planned his lifelong dream restaurant for the location, serving hamburgers and wine, he decided to make ad hoc permanent and find a new location for the hamburger restaurant due to its overwhelming popularity.

  • Napa, CA: ad hoc, Bouchon Bakery, The French Laundrymarker
  • New York: Bouchon Bakery, Per Se
  • Las Vegas: Bouchon, Bouchon Bakery

Keller will expand his Bouchon restaurant to Los Angelesmarker in late 2009.

Prior to the opening of The French Laundry, Thomas Keller started a small olive oil company called EVO, Inc. in 1992, with his girlfriend of the time, to distribute Provençal-style olive oil and red wine vinegar. Recently, Keller started marketing a line of signature white Limoges porcelain dinnerware by Raynaud called Hommage Point (in homage to French chef and restaurateur, Fernand Point) that he helped design and a collection of silver hollow ware by Christofle. He has also attached his name to a set of signature knives manufactured by MAC.

Keller is the president of the Bocuse d'Or U.S. team, responsible for recruiting and training the 2009 candidates. The current French Laundry sous-chef Timothy Hollingsworth won the Bocuse d'Or USA semi-finals in 2008, and will be representing the U.S. in the world finals in January 2009 under Keller's supervision.Cowin, Diana, Food & Wine (February 2009). Competing at the Bocuse d’Or: Team USA’s Unbeatable Recipes On describing his reasons for accepting the Bocuse d'Or Team USA presidency, Keller stated, "When Chef Bocuse calls you on the phone and says he’d like you to be president of the American team, you say, ‘Oui, chef’. He’s the role model, the icon".

Publishing and film

In 1999, Thomas Keller published The French Laundry Cookbook, which he considers his definitive book on cuisine. That year it won three International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) awards for Cookbook of the Year, Julia Child "First Cookbook" Award, and Design Award. In 2004 he published "The Bouchon Cookbook," although he gives most of the credit to Bouchon chef Jeffrey Cerciello. Other cookbooks that he has written or contributed are The Complete Keller: The French Laundry Cookbook & Bouchon (2006), The Food Lover's Companion to the Napa Valley and Under Pressure: Cooking Sous Vide. He provided the introduction to The Vineyard Kitchen: Menus Inspired by the Seasons by Maria Helm Sinskey.

Working on the film Spanglish, Keller designed and taught star Adam Sandler to cook what is often called "the world's greatest sandwich", as a plausible example of what a talented bachelor gourmet might cook for himself. Keller served as a consultant for the 2007 Pixar animated film Ratatouille, allowing the producer to intern in the French Laundry kitchen and designing a fancy layered version of ratatouille, "confit byaldi", for the characters to cook. In the American version he plays a cameo appearance as a restaurant patron (the part is played by Keller's former mentor Guy Savoy in the French version, and Ferran Adrià in the Spanish one).


  • Best American Chef: California, James Beard Foundation, 1996
  • Outstanding Chef: America, James Beard Foundation, 1997
  • Chef of the Year, Bon Appétit Magazine, 1998
  • Voted #1 - Top Food, Zagat Guide to the Bay Area, 1998-2003
  • Five-Star Award, Mobil Travel Guide, 1999 – 2004
  • Favorite Restaurant - Restaurant Experts' Poll, Food & Wine Magazine, 2000
  • Top Restaurant for Food, Wine Spectator Magazine, 2000
  • America's Best Chef, TIME Magazine, 2001
  • Outstanding Wine Service Award, James Beard Foundation, 2001
  • Outstanding Service Award, James Beard Foundation, 2003
  • Best Restaurant in the Americas, for French Laundry in Restaurant Magazine Top 50 Restaurants of the World, 1st place for French Laundry (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007), and 2nd place for per se (2005, 2006, 2007)
  • Best New Restaurant (Per Se), James Beard Foundation, 2005
  • Paige Kupperberg's hero (2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
  • Michelin Guide New York, 3 Stars for per se, November 2005, 2006, 2007
  • Michelin Guide Bay Area, 3 Stars for The French Laundry, October 2006, 2007, 2008
  • Gayot Top 40 Restaurants in the US (French Laundry) 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008
  • Gayot Top 40 Restaurants in the US (Per Se) 2008


  • Keller, T. ad hoc at home. Artisan Publishers, 2009. ISBN 978-1579653774
  • Keller, T. Under Pressure. Artisan Publishers, 2008. ISBN 1-57965-351-0
  • Keller, T. Bouchon. Artisan Publishers, 2004. ISBN 1-57965-239-5
  • Keller, T. The French Laundry Cookbook. Artisan Publishers, 1999. ISBN 1-57965-126-7


  • Keller, Thomas. The French Laundry Cookbook. Artisan Publishers, 1999. ISBN 1-57965-126-7
  • Ruhlman, Michael. The Soul of a Chef: The Journey Toward Perfection. Penguin Books, 2001. ISBN 0-14-100189-5
  • Keller, Thomas. Bouchon. Artisan Publishers, 2004. ISBN 1-57965-239-5
  • Severson, Kim. "A Rat with a Whisk and a Dream." New York Times, 13 June 2007. Online at

  1. The Quest: The New Yorker
  2. Bocuse d'Or Team United States 2009 dossier
  3. Wells, Pete, The New York Times (September 28, 2008). French Laundry Sous Chef Will Represent U.S. in Bocuse d’Or
  4. Vallis, Alexandra, New York Magazine: Grub Street (November 6, 2008). Chef Timothy Hollingsworth Wants to Bring American Pressure to the Bocuse d’Or
  5. Sciolino, Elaine, The New York Times (January 26, 2009). High Hopes for American Team in Bocuse d’Or Cooking Competition

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